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Evaluation of “Redesigning the National Assessment of Educational Progress”

Committee on Evaluation of National and State Assessments of Educational Progress

Board on Testing and Assessment

Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

National Research Council

National Academy Press
Washington, D.C.
1996



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Evaluation of “Redesigning the National Assessment of Educational Progress” Evaluation of “Redesigning the National Assessment of Educational Progress” Committee on Evaluation of National and State Assessments of Educational Progress Board on Testing and Assessment Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education National Research Council National Academy Press Washington, D.C. 1996

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Evaluation of “Redesigning the National Assessment of Educational Progress” NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William A. Wulf is interim president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. William A. Wulf are chairman and interim vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. The work of the Committee on the Evaluation of National and State Assessments of Educational Progress is supported by the U.S. Department of Education under Grant No. EA95083001. ISBN0-309-05587-3 Additional copies of this report are available from: National Academy Press 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Lock Box 285 Washington, DC 20055 Call1-800-624-6242or202-334-3313(in the Washington metropolitan area). This report is also available on-line at http://www.nap.edu/nap/online. Printed in the United States of America Copyright 1996 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

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Evaluation of “Redesigning the National Assessment of Educational Progress” COMMITTEE ON THE EVALUATION OF NATIONAL AND STATE ASSESSMENTS OF EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS JAMES W. PELLEGRINO (Chair), Peabody College of Education and Human Development and Learning Technology Center, Vanderbilt University GAIL BAXTER, School of Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor NORMAN M. BRADBURN, National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago ALLAN COLLINS, Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts STEPHEN B. DUNBAR, College of Education, University of Iowa THOMAS H. FISHER, Bureau of Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment, Florida Department of Education, Tallahassee LARRY V. HEDGES, Department of Education, University of Chicago SHARON JOHNSON-LEWIS, Department of Research, Development and Coordination, Detroit Public Schools, Michigan RODERICK J.A. LITTLE, Department of Biostatistics, University of Michigan ELSIE G.J. MOORE, College of Education, Division of Psychology in Education, Arizona State University NAMBURY S. RAJU, Institute of Psychology, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago MARLENE SCARDAMALIA, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, Toronto, Canada GUADALUPE VALDES, School of Education and Department of Spanish and Portuguese, Stanford University SHEILA W. VALENCIA, Curriculum and Instruction, College of Education, University of Washington, Seattle LAURESS L. WISE, Human Resources Research Organization, Alexandria, Virginia MICHAEL J. FEUER, Director, Board on Testing and Assessment KAREN J. MITCHELL, Senior Program Officer HOLLY WELLS, Administrative Assistant

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Evaluation of “Redesigning the National Assessment of Educational Progress” BOARD ON TESTING AND ASSESSMENT 1995-1996 RICHARD J. SHAVELSON (Chair), School of Education, Stanford University LAURIE J. BASSI (Vice Chair), American Society for Training and Development, Alexandria, Virginia ROBERT L. LINN (Vice Chair), School of Education, University of Colorado RICHARD C. ATKINSON, President, University of California IRALINE G. BARNES, Potomac Electric Power Co., Washington, D.C. DAVID C. BERLINER, College of Education, Arizona State University PAUL J. BLACK, School of Education, King's College, London RICHARD F. ELMORE, Graduate School of Education, Harvard University ARTHUR S. GOLDBERGER, Department of Economics, University of Wisconsin EDMUND W. GORDON, Department of Psychology, City University of New York PAUL W. HOLLAND, Graduate School of Education, University of California, Berkeley SYLVIA T. JOHNSON, School of Education, Howard University CARL F. KAESTLE, Department of Education, University of Chicago MICHAEL W. KIRST, School of Education, Stanford University LUIS M. LAOSA, Educational Testing Service, Princeton, New Jersey RENÉE S. LERCHE, Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, Michigan ALAN M. LESGOLD, Learning Research and Development Center, University of Pittsburgh JAMES L. OUTTZ, Outtz and Associates, Washington, D.C. PAUL R. SACKETT, Industrial Relations Center, University of Minnesota ALAN H. SCHOENFELD, Graduate School of Education, University of California, Berkeley WILLIAM L. TAYLOR, Attorney at Law, Washington, D.C. EWART A.C. THOMAS, Department of Psychology, Stanford University JACK WHALEN, Institute for Research on Learning, Lewisville, Texas MICHAEL J. FEUER, Director JAN LIVERANCE, Administrative Assistant

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Evaluation of “Redesigning the National Assessment of Educational Progress” Contents     SUMMARY   1     EVALUATION   3      Background,   3      Proposed Redesign,   5      Evaluation of the Proposed Redesign,   6      Fundamental Reconceptualization of NAEP,   9      Conclusion,   10     REFERENCES   11     APPENDIX: Redesigning the National Assessment of Educational Progress, Draft, National Assessment Governing Board   13