Data Priorities for Population and Health in Developing Countries

Summary of a Workshop

Cheryl E. Malanick and Anne R. Pebley, editors

Committee on Population

Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

National Research Council

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, D.C.
1996



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--> Data Priorities for Population and Health in Developing Countries Summary of a Workshop Cheryl E. Malanick and Anne R. Pebley, editors Committee on Population Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.C. 1996

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--> NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS 2101 Constitution Ave., N.W. Washington, DC 20418 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William A. Wulf is interim president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. William A. Wulf are chairman and interim vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. This project was supported by the Office of Population, U.S. Agency for International Development. ISBN 0-309-05626-8 Additional copies of this report are available from National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Avenue N.W., Lock Box 285, Washington, DC 20055. 1-800-624-6242 or 202-334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area) This report is also available on-line at http://www.nap.edu. Printed in the United States of America Copyright 1996 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved

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--> COMMITTEE ON POPULATION 1995–1996 RONALD D. LEE (Chair), Departments of Demography and Economics, University of California, Berkeley CAROLINE H. BLEDSOE, Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University JOSE-LUIS BOBADILLA, World Bank, Washington, D.C. JOHN BONGAARTS, The Population Council, New York JOHN B. CASTERLINE, The Population Council, New York LINDA G. MARTIN, RAND, Santa Monica, California MARK R. MONTGOMERY, The Population Council, New York ROBERT A. MOFFITT, Department of Economics, Brown University ANNE R. PEBLEY, RAND, Santa Monica, California RONALD R. RINDFUSS, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill JAMES P. SMITH, RAND, Santa Monica, California BETH J. SOLDO, Department of Demography, Georgetown University MARTA TIENDA, Population Research Center, University of Chicago AMY O. TSUI, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill JOHN HAAGA, Director BARNEY COHEN, Program Officer BARRY EDMONSTON, Senior Program Officer TRISH DeFRISCO, Senior Project Assistant KAREN FOOTE, Program Officer CHERYL MALANICK, Consultant JOEL ROSENQUIST, Project Assistant JOYCE WALZ, Administrative Associate

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--> WORKSHOP PARTICIPANTS ANNE PEBLEY (Chair), RAND, Santa Monica, California SIGRID ANDERSON, U.S. Agency for International Development STAN BECKER, Johns Hopkins University PETER BERMAN, Harvard University JANE BERTRAND, Tulane University ROBERT BLACK, Johns Hopkins University EDUARD BOS, World Bank, Washington, D.C. ANN BROWNLEE, Wellstart International, San Diego, California ROBERT BUSH, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. CELESTE CARR, U.S. Agency for International Development CONSTANCE CARRINO, U.S. Agency for International Development JOHN CASTERLINE, The Population Council, New York EUNYONG CHUNG, U.S. Agency for International Development PATRICIA COFFEY, U.S. Agency for International Development BRUCE COGILL, International Science and Technology Institute, Arlington, Virginia DAVID DANIELS, Overseas Development Administration, London, England JULIE DAVANZO, RAND, Santa Monica, California IAN DIAMOND, University of Southampton PETER DONALDSON, Population Reference Bureau, Washington, D.C. ROBERT EMORY, U.S. Agency for International Development ANDREW FISHER, The Population Council, New York DUFF GILLESPIE, U.S. Agency for International Development DAVID GUILKEY, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill SUSAN HASSIG, Family Health International, Arlington, Virginia ALBERT HERMALIN, University of Michigan JOYCE HOLFELD, U.S. Agency for International Development MARJORIE HORN, U.S. Agency for International Development BARBARA JANOWITZ, Family Health International, Durham, North Carolina ECKHARD KLEINAU, Basic Support for Institutionalizing Child Survival (BASICS), Arlington, Virginia ROD KNIGHT, U.S. Agency for International Development JOHN KNODEL, University of Michigan MARGE KOBLINSKY, John Snow, Inc., Arlington, Virginia DAWN LIBERI, U.S. Agency for International Development MARY LUNG'AHO, Wellstart International, San Diego, California MARTIN MAKINEN, Abt Associates, Bethesda, Maryland ELIZABETH MAGUIRE, U.S. Agency for International Development FAITH MITCHELL, National Research Council LEO MORRIS, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, Georgia

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--> MARGARET NEUSE, U.S. Agency for International Development CHLOE O'GARA, U.S. Agency for International Development DAVID OOT, U.S. Agency for International Development MARK PEARSON, Overseas Development Administration BETHANN PLOWMAN, U.S. Agency for International Development SCOTT RADLOFF, U.S. Agency for International Development RONALD RINDFUSS, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill KARIN RINGHEIM, U.S. Agency for International Development JOHN ROSS, Futures Group International, Glastonbury, Connecticut JAMES SHELTON, U.S. Agency for International Development LAURA SHRESTHA, World Bank, Washington, D.C. JOSEPH SPEIDEL, The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, Menlo Park, California ELLEN STARBIRD, U.S. Agency for International Development KATE STEWART, Macro International, Columbia, Maryland KRISTA STEWART, U.S. Agency for International Development WAYNE STINSON, University Research Corporation, Bethesda, Maryland JEREMIAH SULLIVAN, Macro International, Columbia, Maryland JACK THOMAS, U.S. Agency for International Development JOHN TOMARO, U.S. Agency for International Development AMY TSUI, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill MARTIN VAESSEN, Macro International, Columbia, Maryland BASIL VARELDZIS, U.S. Agency for International Development MICHAEL VLASSOFF, United Nations Population Fund, New York RONALD WALDMAN, Basic Support for Institutionalizing Child Survival (BASICS), Arlington, Virginia SAMANTHA WHEELER, The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York

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--> Contents Introduction   1 Session I: New Information Needs   3     Changing Population and Health Information Needs   3     USAID's New Strategic Plan   3 Session II: Alternative Data Collection Strategies for Monitoring, Evaluation, and Planning Purposes   5     Cross-Sectional Household Surveys   5     Follow-Up Designs, Panel Surveys, and Other Alternatives   8     Qualitative Methods   11 Session III: Evaluating Program Impact and Performance   13     Data on the Accessibility and Quality of Services Provided   14     Data on Costs and Expenditures   18 Session IV: Institutionalizing Data Collection in Host Countries   21     Building Local Capacity   21     Improving Coordination Among Donors   22 Conclusion   24 References   26 Appendix: Authors and Papers   28

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