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ship-based batteries may be much less than desired, and we must employ other concepts to cover the more remote areas of that country.

• At the strategic level—At this level, we must address how to go about getting the needed political mandate for placing a "cap" over some designated area—the mandate coming from international organizations like NATO or the United Nations.

Also, we must address the question of maintaining the intent of the Antiballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty of 1972 in the presence of these theater missile defenses; the intent of the treaty, stated broadly, is to provide effective measures to limit the capability to defend the territory of each country—the United States and now Russia. Reconciling these two objectives will be tractable if we keep in mind that we are striving to maintain the intent of the ABM Treaty of 1972-—this being quite distinct from maintaining the language and approach inherent in the present treaty. Specifically, we limit the capability of defense units to defend the territory of the United States by where the ships (defense units) are deployed-not by how fast the interceptors can travel.

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