Index

(Page numbers in bold refer to figures. Tables are indicated by a "t" with the page number.)

A

Absorption-emission plans, 162

Acid rain, reduction of, 66

Acquisitions, 30

Ad valorem property-tax policy, 102

Advance monetary outlays, 110

Afforestation, 27

Agrarian property-tax system, 101-102

Agricultural Conservation Program (ACP), 45, 51, 70, 199

funding by region, 189t

Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, 124

Agricultural Worker Protection Standard (WPS), 201

Agriculture, Secretary of, 86

Air pollutants, 4, 44, 57, 65-67

Air quality, 20, 38, 64, 65-67

Alabama, timberland in Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 38

Alaska

forestland ownership by state government, 113

forest practices regulatory law, 49

Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act, 148

Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, 30-31, 148

Alien insects, 69

Alien plants, 57, 69-70

American Forest and Paper Association (AF&PA), 17, 32-34, 93, 113

research needs ranked, 135

American Land Conservancy, 94

American Pulpwood Association, 92

Apalachicola National Forest, 36

Artificial regeneration practices, 47

Assessment and monitoring systems, 137-138

Association of Consulting Foresters, 94

Atlantic Coastal Plan, bee rights leased, 36

Australian pine, 70

B

Basin geomorphology, 71

Basket weaving, by Native Americans, 37

Bee rights, 36

Best Management Practices (BMPs), 70, 102



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OCR for page 231
--> Index (Page numbers in bold refer to figures. Tables are indicated by a "t" with the page number.) A Absorption-emission plans, 162 Acid rain, reduction of, 66 Acquisitions, 30 Ad valorem property-tax policy, 102 Advance monetary outlays, 110 Afforestation, 27 Agrarian property-tax system, 101-102 Agricultural Conservation Program (ACP), 45, 51, 70, 199 funding by region, 189t Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, 124 Agricultural Worker Protection Standard (WPS), 201 Agriculture, Secretary of, 86 Air pollutants, 4, 44, 57, 65-67 Air quality, 20, 38, 64, 65-67 Alabama, timberland in Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 38 Alaska forestland ownership by state government, 113 forest practices regulatory law, 49 Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act, 148 Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, 30-31, 148 Alien insects, 69 Alien plants, 57, 69-70 American Forest and Paper Association (AF&PA), 17, 32-34, 93, 113 research needs ranked, 135 American Land Conservancy, 94 American Pulpwood Association, 92 Apalachicola National Forest, 36 Artificial regeneration practices, 47 Assessment and monitoring systems, 137-138 Association of Consulting Foresters, 94 Atlantic Coastal Plan, bee rights leased, 36 Australian pine, 70 B Basin geomorphology, 71 Basket weaving, by Native Americans, 37 Bee rights, 36 Best Management Practices (BMPs), 70, 102

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--> Big-game hunting, 39 Biodiversity, 20, 46, 57-59, 93, 156 definitions of, 59 global, 158 loss of, 57, 58 maintenance of, 75 rare and endangered species habitat, 60-61 Biodiversity trust funds, 107 Biomass accumulation, 62 Bonds, 127, 128 general obligation, 9 Bring Back the Natives Program, 43 Brown-headed cowbirds, 60 Buffer zones, along sensitive waterways, 47 Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), 78, 81, 148 programs administered by, 43 Bureau of Land Management (BLM), 34, 42, 78, 81 programs administered by, 43 Bureau of Reclamation, 42, 81 programs administered by, 43, 70 Bureau of the Census, employment of persons (1992) by U.S. wood-based industries, 32, 33, 183t C California forest practices regulatory law, 49, 50, 51 freshwater ecosystems, 60 programs involving state- or county-owned forestlands, 115 reforestation regulations, 122 urban forest disinvestment and volunteer organizations, 116 urban-interface wildfires, 65 Capital gains tax, 100, 126 Carbon storage, ecological services in nonfederal forests, 2 stored in nonfederal forests, 40 and woody debris reduction, 64 Carbon dioxide emissions, 67, 161 Carbon monoxide emissions, 66 Carbon sequestration, 67-68, 161 Certification standards, 96 Certified forest practices, 95-96 Cheatgrass, 70 Chesapeake Bay Program, 43, 44 Chestnut blight, 69 Citizen participation, promoted in determining care and management of forest resources, 19 Clarke-McNary Act (1924), 2, 141-142 Clean Air Act (1977, 1990), 80, 83, 142, 200-201 Clean Air Act Programs, 44 Clean Water Act, 20, 46, 83, 142, 200 Clean Water Act Programs (nonpoint pollutant sources), 44 Climatic change, global, 4, 11, 75, 160-161, 163 potentially serious effects on national forests, 57, 58, 156, 157 Closed-canopy forests, 67 Club Fed, Mid-Pacific region, 43 Coastal Ecosystem Program, 43 Coastal Zone Management Act, 46, 200 Coastal Zone Management Program (CZM), 43 Cogon grass, 70 Cold water fishing, 39 Colorado, urban-interface wildfires, 65 Colorado Ecosystem Partnership, 43 Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Program, 199 Committee recommendations, nonfederal forests coordination and strengthening of incentive, technical-assistance, and regulatory programs, 7-8 diverse ownership considerations, 10 fedral-nonfederal linkages, 6-7 federal programs and organizations, 6 global context, 10-11 information needs for decisions, improvement and access enhancement , 9-10 investments in sustainability, 8-9 long-term forest health and integrity, 4

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--> national goals and policy, 5 prevention of deteriorating and serious conditions, 71 policies, planning, and organizing, 4-5 strategic planning processes, 5-6 Community forestlands, 1, 28, 3 landowner investment circumstances, 116-117 Composites, substituted for solid-wood products, 62 Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensations, and Liability (1980), 201 Congressional Research Service (CRS) Review, 77 Congressional Research Service Symposia (March 1994), 78 Connecticut, forest practices regulatory law, 49, 51 Connecticut Forest Practices Act, 51 Conservancies, 94, 106 Conservation, 18 Conservation easements, 106 Conservation Fund, 94 Conservation rental contracts, 106-107 Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), 43, 45, 63, 70, 198 decline of, 123 landowner income earned by participation in, 106-107 plantation in highly erodable cropland, 117 plantation on private forestland, 120 Controlled-spacing activities, investment issue, 119, 120 Cooperative and Federal Forest Health Management Program, budget history, 188t Cooperative Fire Program, 43, 81 Cooperative Lands Fire Management programs, 44-45, 188t Cooperative Lands Fire Protection program, 196-197 Cooperative Lands Forest Health Management Program, 44-45, 196 Cooperatives, 126 Cooperative Work Trusts, 44 Corporate ''fiber farms,'' 92 Cost-share programs, 45, 70, 110, 117, 198-200 agricultural, 98-99 forestry practices, 47 more effective than public technical assistance, 51, 52, 126 nonindustrial forest owners, 122-123 nonindustrial forests, 120 phased out, 85 public investments, 124, 131 reforestation, 52 County and municipal governments forestland area ownership by region, 31, 179t timberland area ownership, 172t-173t County forests, landowner investment circumstances, 113-114, 115-116 Credit rationing, 122 Critical Ecosystem Research and Assessment (CERA) Program, 44 Critically endangered species, habitat losses, 61 Custer State Park, 115 Cutting cycles, shortening of, 62 CWA/Wetlands Delineation and Regulatory Program, Section 404, 43 D Department of Agriculture. See U.S. Department of Agriculture Department of Commerce, 88 Department of Commerce National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association, programs administered by, 43 Department of Defense, 34 Department of Labor, 88 Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration, timber industry workplace safety program, 44 Department of the Army, 88 Department of the Interior (DOI), 81, 88 Land and Water Conservation Fund, 44, 81

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--> Department of the Treasury, 88 Internal Revenue Service, programs administered that benefit nonfederal forests, 44 Development rights, 106 Diseases, 4, 47, 57, 58, 124 biological risk for private investments, 121 epidemic levels, 68-69 Domestic use and farm, acreage and number of forest land units owned for, 183t Dutch Elm Disease, 38, 69 E Easements, 105-107 Ecolabeling, 208-209 Ecological benefits, 40-41 Ecological services, nonfederal forests providing, 2 Ecology, 93 Economic Action Programs, 188t, 197 Economic policies and programs, integration promoted by federal government , 3 Ecosystem coordination councils, 86 Ecosystem management, definitions of, 62, 208 Ecosystems, forest, 45 biodiversity, 57-59 cooperation among multiple owners, 5 fragmentation of, 99, 100 increased management intensity, 63 management of, 78 multiple forest uses encouraged, 19 productivity maintained, 19 promotion of long-term health and integrity, 3 state forestry program effectiveness, 52, 195t state regulatory programs, 49 sustainability critical, 4 sustainability to include maintenance, 19 Educational and technical assistance programs, 21, 48 Educational programs, 2, 52, 108, 192t-193t, 202 effectiveness, state programs, 195t federal agency responsibility, 8 Education and information programs, 96-97 Emission trading, 162 Employment, 32-34 dependent on nonfederal forestland, 1-2 forest-related, sources of, 34 in wood-based industries in U.S., 32, 33, 34, 183t Empowerment Zone/Enterprise Community Program, 88 Endangered species, 20, 40, 46, 48 educational programs, 52 forest types most endangered, 61 habitat in nonfederal forests, 2 habitat losses, 61 habitat of, 60-61 multi-agency responsibilities, 6 protection through conservation rental contracts, 106 safe harbor agreements, 107 Endangered Species Act (ESA), 43, 80, 103, 201 application to tribal forests, 148, 149 habitat protections, 152, 153 Endangered Species Protection Program, 43 Energy, conservation of, 38 Engineered wood, 62 Enjoyment of owning, acreage and forestland units owned for, 183t Environmental agreements, 11, 158, 163 Environmental concerns, 161 Environmental Conservation Acreage Reserve Program (ECARP), 46 Environmental laws, 144 Environmental Monitoring and Assessment program (EMAP), 44 Environmental policies and programs, integration promoted by federal government, 3 Environmental Protection Agency, 42, 70, 77, 81, 88 application in tribal forests, 148

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--> authorized by Clean Air Act, 200, 201 Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program, 137 forestry and environmental education responsibility, 96 merge with environmental regulatory programs proposed, 80 ozone air quality standards, 66 programs administered by, 44 Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP), 45, 199 Estate taxes, 99-100, 106 European gypsy moth, 69 Everglades Restoration Program, 43 F "Family-forests" programs, 92 Farm and Agriculture Act, 80 Farm area, acreage and forestland units owned for, 183t Farmer, timberland area in U.S., 29, 172t Farm tenancies, termination advance notice, 143 Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA), 77 Federal forests, concentration (location) in U.S., 25 Federal government agreement on national direction for nonfederal forests, 75-76 allocations of assistance to states, 83 as catalyst for innovation and source of investment for sustainability , 21 fabricating leadership capabilities and investment opportunities, 19 forestry practices promoted on nonfederal lands, 2 improving federal organization, 79-82 initiatives, governmental, 90-91 investment opportunities, 2 involvement in urban-interface wildfires, 65 linkages with nonfederal entities, 82-88 organization within, 76-82 regional offices interfacing with states, 7 role in sustainability, 20-21 summary of findings and recommendations, 88-89 tree planting and seeding by region, 28-29, 176t-177t Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), 44, 46, 142, 201 Federal investments, nonfederal forests, 123, 188t, 189t, 190t, 191t Federal-land banks, 88 Federal Land Management: Streamlining and Reorganization Issues, 79 Federal Land Policy and Management Act (1976), 73, 80 Federal lands, diverted from forestland acreage, 27, 174t Federal Lands Forest Health Management Program, 44-45, 196 Federally directed programs, 42-46 assistance and incentive programs, 44, 196-204 cooperative forestry programs, 45 extension and outreach, 45-46 federal regulatory programs, 46 Forest Health Management, 44-45 transfer programs, 45 Federal national forest programs, 6 Federal programs coordination and simplification, 3 funding by region, 189t monitoring nonfederal forest health, 4 nonfederal forests, 2 organizational links, 7 tax subsidies, 102 technical assistance, fiscal incentive, and tax programs, 8 wildfire suppression and fuel management assistance, 4 Federal regulatory initiatives, 103-104 to ensure program efficiency and effectiveness, 103-104 Federal regulatory programs, 8, 200-202 Federal State Cooperative Program (water information), 44 Federal tax subsidies, 102 Federal timberland, definition, 27

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--> Federal Water Pollution Control Act (1972), 80 Federal Wildland Fire Management Policy and Program Review, 65 Fee-simple ownership, 112, 113 Financial incentives, 20, 47 Financial institution organizations, investments in forest management , 88 Fire-dependent forests, 64 Fire management, 46, 191t Fire management activities, funding for, 2 Fire-protection priorities, 65 "First-refusal" rights, 93 Fiscal incentives, 98-99, 108 effectiveness, state programs, 195t programs, 192t-193t, 203 Fishing rights, 39, 148 Flathead Common Ground Project, 85 Flatwoods, bee rights leased, 36 Floral greenery, 37 Florida forestry practice regulatory system, 49 statewide wildlife conservation plan, 59 timberland in Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 38 urban-interface wildfires, 65 Food products, 36 Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 (RPA) , 5, 73, 74, 137 RPA Assessment, 74 RPA Program, 5, 74-75 Forest certification, 208-209 Forest Cutting Practices Act (Mass.), 49 Forest development centers, 85-86 Forest Ecosystem Management Assessment Team (FEMAT), 43 Forest fires, 64-65 Forest health, definition, 205-207 Forest Health Management, 44-45 Forest Health Protection Program, 43, 81 Forest industry acreage of forestland owned, 1 privately owned timberland, 29, 170t, 172t Forest-industry initiatives, 91-93 Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program, 21, 137, 138, 140 Forest investments, 109-110 Forestland, definition, 26 Forestland area by region and ownership, 179t investment issue, 117-118, 170t Forest-landowner associations, 87, 145-146 Forest Legacy Program, 43, 81, 106, 188t, 197 Forest management intensity, 61-64 Forest management plans, written, 18, 30, 93, 97, 121-122 private forestland area and ownership units, 182t Forest products, prices increased, 109-110 Forest-products conservation, 91 Forest Research Program, 43 Forest Resources Council, 87 Forest Resources Partnership, 87 Forest resource sustainability national principles developed, 3 principles of, 18 Forest Resource Trust (Oregon), 127, 130 Forestry Assistance Program, budget history, 188t Forestry-consultant initiatives, 94 Forestry cooperatives, 86 Forestry Incentives Program, 45, 51, 52, 124, 199 funding by region, 189t Forestry organizations, institutional and managerial capacity built within, 2-3 Forestry practices, professionally guided, 7 Forestry Research: A Mandate for Change, 134 Forests, as emission absorbers, 162 Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), 18, 95, 113, 209 Forest Stewardship Program (FSP), 43, 81, 99, 188t, 197 Fragmentation of ecosystems, 99, 100 estate taxes and, 100 Fragmentation of forest ownership, 69 Fragmentation of forests, 4, 27, 59-60

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--> Fuel-management approaches, 65 Fuel-management technologies, federal assistance to states, 4 Fusiform rust incidence, 69 G GAO Review, 79 GAP Analysis Program, 44 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), 158, 159-160 General obligation bonding, 127, 128 Genetically improved tree seedlings or cuttings, 63 Geographic Information System (GIS), 38, 44 Georgia forestry practice regulatory system, 49 timberland in Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 38 Global pollutants, mitigation by forests, 11 Gorse, 70 Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, 44 Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (GLERL), 43 Great Lakes Initiative, 43 Great Lakes National Program, 44 Great Lakes region, state-owned forests, 113-114 Great Plains Conservation Program, 199 Great Plains Project, 44 Great Plains region, state government programs, 48, 49, 192t-193t Green certification, 208-209 Grizzly bears, 85, 162 Ground water development, 40 H Habitat, 71 isolation, 59-60 loss, 61 Habitat Conservation Plan for northern spotted owl, 59 Habitat conversion, 27 Habitat coordination councils, 86 Haole koa, 70 Hardwood, percentage of nonindustrial growing stock, 35-36 Hardwood inventories, 118, 119, 186t by ownership, 35-36, 186t Hatch Act, 43 Heat islands, 66 High-vigor trees, 69 Honey production, 36 Hunting rights, 39 Hydrocarbon emissions, 67 Hydrologic patterns, 71 I Idaho, forest practices regulatory law, 49 Incentive programs carbon storage on nonindustrial private forestlands, 68 financial, 20, 47 Income, 32-34 Income taxes, benefits from easements, 106 Increased management intensity, 63 Indian Forest Management Assessment Team, 114 Indigenous property systems, 147 Individual Restricted Fee, 29 Individual Trust, 29 Industrial forestland, 10 net annual growth of softwoods and hardwoods, 36, 187t plantation, 119, 176t Industrial owners, landowner investment circumstances, 112-113 Industrial timberlands, investment issue, 118-119, 186t Information and technology transfer, 136-137 Information management, 138-139 Information Management Program, 43 Infrastructure investments, 125, 131 Insectivores, specialist, and woody debris reduction, 63-64 Insects, 4, 20, 47, 57-58, 68-69 biological risk for private investments, 121

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--> state investment of protection in private forestlands, 124 Institutional investors, 30, 183t Instream use of water, 40 Interagency Ecosystem Management Task Force, 77-78 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 160-161 Interim Strategies for Managing Anadromous Fish-Producing Watersheds (PACFISH) in the Pacific Northwest, 43, 78 Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project, 85 International accords, 158-160, 163 International Tropical Timber Agreement (ITTA), 158 International Tropical Timber Organization's Target 2000 program, 160 Intertribal Timber Council acreage of timberland, 29 economic benefits from tribal forests estimated, 34 Investment environments, 110-117 investment climate, 110 landowner investment circumstances, 111-117 Investment issues, strategies, remedies for disadvantages, 126-127, 131 Investments eliminating discouraging tax policies and programs, 8 encouraged in sustaining nonfederal forests, 4 federal, fiscal and technical assistance programs, 9 for nonfederal forests, 3 in nonfederal forests, privately-initiated programs promoted, 8 in research, 9-10 insufficient, 15-16 long-term, 3 long-term, in nonfederal forests promoted, 19-20 percentage for nonfederal forests in federal budget, 8 private, in nonfederal forests, 8, 9 public, in nonfederal forests, 8 revenue sources for nonfederal forests, 9 Ivy, 70 K Knapweeds, 70 Kudzu, 70 L Lake states region, state government programs, 48, 192t-193t Laminated root rot, 69 Land Acquisition Priority System (critical areas acquisition program) , 43 Land and Water Conservation Fund, 44, 81 Land conversion, 4 Land Conversion Subcommittee of the Northern forestlands Council, 100 Land investment, acreage and number of forestland units owned for, 30, 183t Landowner-assistance programs (LAPs), 93 Landowner rights and responsibilities, 144 Landowners' reasons for owning forestland, 111 Land rent, required sharing of, 145 Landscape coordination councils, 86 Land trusts, 106 Land use, changes in U.S., 27, 174t Lease arrangements for timber productions, 126 Local governments, managed lands for recreational opportunities, 39 Local-level programs, regulatory programs, 50-51, 203-204 Louisiana, landowner-assistance programs, 93 Louisiana Sea Grant Program, 43 M McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry Research Program, 43

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--> Maine, forest practices regulatory law, 49, 51 Mammoth Cave, 44 "Managed" condition of forests, 157 Management, conservation and sustainable development of world's forests, 159 Management cost deductions, 100-101 Management intensity, effects of, 57 Maple syrup production, 36, 37 Maryland, forestry practice regulatory system, 49 Massachusetts, forest practices regulatory law, 49 "Master woodland manager" programs, 95 Melaleuca, 70 Metropolitan Statistical Areas, timberland located in, 38 Michigan improved management of state-forest system, 114 long-term bonding program, 127, 128 programs involving state- or county-owned forestlands, 115 urban-interface wildfires, 65 Mid-Atlantic Highlands Assessment Program, 44 Mid-Atlantic region, state government programs, 48, 192t-193t Mid-Continent region, state government programs, 48, 49, 192t-193t Migratory wildlife habitat, 162 Minnesota professional level raised of resource managers of state-owned forests , 113-114 programs involving state- or county-owned forestlands, 115 public/private landowner partnerships, 87 Missouri, programs involving state- or county-owned forestlands, 115 Monitoring and information management, 137-139 Montana forestry practice regulatory system, 49 programs involving state- or county-owned forestlands, 115 Montana Bitteroot Regional Agreement, 85 Multiple stakeholder decision-making processes, encouraged by federal government, 3 Municipal investments, 124 Mushrooms, harvesting of, 36 N National Association of State Foresters, 97 employees in state forestry agencies estimated, 34 National Audubon Society, 93-94 National Biological Survey Gap Analysis Program, 137 National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA, 1969), 80, 148 National Estuarine Research Reserve System (NERRS), 43 National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, 94 National Forest, RPA Program, 5 National Forest Health Monitoring Program (NFHMP), 137, 207 National Forest Management Act (NFMA, 1976), 73, 74, 75, 80 National forests, use and management of, 2 National Historic Preservation Act, 148 National Indian Forest Resources Act, 114 National Indian Forest Resources Management Act Programs/Integrated Resource Management Plans (IRMPs) , 43 National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), 43, 70, 201, 202 National Marine Sanctuary Program, 43 National Minerals Assessment Program, 44 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 200 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency (NOAA), 200 National Park Service, 81 programs administered by, 44 National research coordinating council, 135, 139

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--> National Research Council, 17, 139 National Resource Lands, 73 National Science and Technology Council, 135-136 National Urban and Community Forest Advisory Council, 116-117 National Wetlands Inventory (NWI), 43 National Wildlife Refuges, 73 National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act, 73 National Woodland Owners Association, Private Property Responsibility Initiative, 146 Native Americans; see also Tribal forests community, definition of, 147 community ownership of land, 29, 114, 145 connectedness, definition of, 147 employment and income from tribal forests, 34 fishing rights, 148 humility, definition of, 148 nontimber forest products, 37 ownership of forestland, 29 perspectives on property and sovereignty, 146-149 private nonfederal forestland owned, 29, 170t reservations, 148 respect, definition of, 147 rights, 148-149 tribal hunting and gathering rights, 148 Natural Resource Conservation Education, 197 Natural Resources and the Environment Competitive Grants Research Program, 43 Natural Resources Inventory (NRI), urban and community forestland acreage, 28, 175t Nature Conservancy, 93-94, 137 Neotropical migratory bird species, 58, 60, 162, 163 Nevada, forest practices regulatory law, 49 New Hampshire, local forestry ordinances, 51 New Mexico, forest practices regulatory law, 49 Nitrate levels, 41 Nitrogen, saturation of soils, 66 Nonfederal cropland, diverted from forestland acreage, 27, 174t Nonfederal developed land, diverted from forestland acreage, 27, 174t Nonfederal forests acreage and owners with written forest management plans, 30, 182t acreage decreases and increases, 1 acreage in U.S., 25 area of forestland and units, by ownership, 30, 183t area owned, by size class of ownership, 30, 181t area whose ownership changed, 30, 181t artificial vs. natural origin of forest stands in Southeast region , 28, 178t assistance programs, 91 challenges for future investment in sustainability, 3-4 committee recommendations, 4-11 concentration (location) in U.S., 25 contributions in global context, 4 conversion of land use, 27 coordination hindered, 5 description, 15 descriptions of timberland, 25 diverted from cropland acreage, 27, 174t diverted from federal land acreage, 27, 174t diverted from pastureland acreage, 27, 174t diverted from water areas acreage, 27, 174t ecological services, 2 environmental services, 157 federal assistance and protection programs, 3 federal involvement issues, features of, 82 federal leadership, 79 federal programs, 2

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--> forestland area, 26, 171t forestland locations, 26 forestland locations by region, 26, 171t forestland ownership in U.S. by region, 26 information base improvements, 4 institutional issues frustrating sustainability, 72 institutional relationships guiding, 3 international and global circumstances influencing sustainability, 3 international issues affecting, 160-162 investing in sustainability of, 15 investments, sources and levels of, 3 lack of comprehensive national direction, 73, 74 lack of information about, 134 land use and cover changes, 174t linkages with federal government entities, 82-88 location in U.S., 1 managed condition, 157 national interests identified, 7 national policies and programs developed, 3 national policy for, 7, 72-74 net annual growth of softwoods and hardwoods, 36, 187t number of owners, by size class of ownership, 30, 180t numbers of owners, by date of acquisition, 30, 182t ownership characterisitcs, 29-31, 170t percentage of forestland area, 25 plantations area projected by region, 28-29, 178t private ownership, 29-30, 170t private program initiatives, 2 program coordination, 104 programs at federal level, 5-6 programs, type and implementation of, 3 public ownership, 30-31, 170t, 172t, 179t range in number and size of private ownership units, 30, 180t recreational activities, acreage available for, 2 regulation of practices or conditions on, 2 research and information, management of, 3 resources, 3 rights and responsibilities of landowners, 3 sustained through private and voluntary initiatives, 96 timber harvest (%) from industrial and nonindustrial private forestland , 34 timber industry employment, 1-2 timberland acreage, 27, 172t-173t timber products for export, 157 tree planting and seeding areas, 28-29, 176t-177t urban and community forestland, 27-28 Nonfederal pastureland, diverted from forestland acreage, 27, 174t Nonfederal public forests, investment issue, 119, 186t Nonfederal public land management agencies, 34 Nonfederal rangeland, land use and cover changes, 174t Nonindustrial forests, 10 Nonindustrial private forestland owners, 1 Nonindustrial private forests, 10, 29 for recreational opportunities, 39 investment issue, 118, 186t Nonindustrial private owners, landowner investment circumstances, 111-112 Nonprofit-organization initiatives, 2, 93-94 Nonprofit-owned land, as habitat for endangered and threatened species , 40 Nontimber forest products, 36-37 North American Free Trade Agreement (FAFTA), 158 North American Waterfowl Management Program, 43 North Carolina programs involving state- or county-owned forestlands, 115 timberland in Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 38

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--> North Central region federal programs, 189t finances of state forestry agencies, 191t forestland area by ownership, 179t nonfederal forestland acreage, 26, 171t nonindustrial private forests, 29 private forestland ownership units, 30, 180t state government forestry program expenditures, 190t timber harvest, 185t timberland acreage, 27, 172t timberland area, nonfederal public ownership, 30, 172t tree planting and seeding by ownership, 28, 176t urban forestland acreage, 28, 175t Northeast region federal programs, 189t finances of state forestry agencies, 191t forestland area by ownership, 179t local forestry ordinances, 51 nonfederal forestland acreage, 26, 171t nonindustrial private forests, 29 private forestland ownership units, 30, 180t state government forestry program expenditures, 190t state government programs, 48, 49, 192t-193t timber harvest, 185t timberland area, 27, 172t timberland area, nonfederal public ownership, 30, 172t tree planting and seeding by ownershiop, 176t urban forestland acreage, 28, 175t Northern forestlands Council, 17, 85, 102, 106 Northern spotted owl, 59 Norway's Forest Trust Fund, 127, 129 Norwegian Forestry and Forest Protection Act of 1965, 129 Nuisance, English Common Law concept of, 143 Nuisance law, 150 O Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA), 46, 202 Office of Management and Budget, 77 Office of Science and Technology Policy, 77 Old-growth-diversification studies, 91 Opportunity costs, 110 Oregon conversion of original forests, 61 forest practices regulatory law, 49, 50 Oregon Department of Forestry, 127 Oregon's Forest Practices Act, 51, 130 Oregon's Forest Resource Trust Fund, 127, 130 Organizations' cooperatives, forest management of nonfederal forests , 88 Ownership, mixed public-private system, 19 Ozone, chronic low-level exposure, 66, 156 P PACFISH. See Interim Strategies for Managing Anadromous Fish-Producing Watersheds in the Pacific Northwest Pacific Northwest Assistance Program, 188t, 198 Pacific Northwest Forest Plan, 44 Pacific Northwest region federal programs, 189t finances of state forestry agencies, 191t forest land area by ownership, 29, 179t mushroom harvesting, 36 nonfederal forestland acreage, 26, 117, 171t old-growth forests, 60, 61 plantation area on private timberland projected, 29, 178t private forestland area and private ownership units, 180t projected tree plantation, 63, 178t softwood inventory, 118-119, 186t state government forestry program expenditures, 190t timber harvest, 35, 185t

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--> timberland area, nonfederal public ownership, 30, 172t tree planting and seeding by ownership, 28, 176t urban forestland acreage, 175t Pacific Southwest region federal programs, 189t finances of state forestry agencies, 191t forest land area by ownership, 179t nonfederal forestland acreage, 26, 171t private forestland area and number of private ownership units, 180 t state government forestry expenditures, 190t timber harvest, 35, 185t timberland area by ownership, 172t tree planting and seeding by ownership, 176t urban forestland acreage, 175t Pampas grass, 70 Partners in Flight (PIF) Program, 43 Passive-active rules, 101 Passive-loss rules, 101 Payroll, in wood-based industries, 32, 33, 183t Pennsylvania, local forestry ordinances, 51 Permanent Appropriation, 44 Pesticides, 47 Phytophthora root rot, 69 ''Pilot forests," 92 Pine cones, sale of, 36 Pine plantation area, in nonfederal forests, 28 Pine shoot beetle, 69 Plantation, 63, 91, 110, 119-120, 176t decline following Conservation Reserve Program decline, 123 fiscal incentives, 98 Poka vine, 70 Police power, 150, 152 Pollution control, 38 water, 40-41 President's Council on Sustainable Development, 16 Private cooperatives, 86 Private forest regions, as functional program delivery system, 85 Private Forestry programs, 43 Private initiatives, 91-96 Private investments capital, 121-122 rates of return, 121-122 regulatory effects, 122 scale of, 121 Private land, government restrictions on use of, 142 Private Lands Program, 43 Private natural-resource organizations, 96 Private ownership nonfederal forests, 29-30, 170t timberland area ownership by region, 172t-173t Private programs, nonfederal forests, 2 Private property rights and societal action, 143-146 Property rights, 142 balancing rights and responsibilities, 149-154 Property-rights laws of various states, 151 Property-rights movement, 153 Property tax assessments, 47 Property taxes, annual ad valorem, 102 Property tax laws, 126 Public and private landowner partnership, 86-87 Public investments, 122-125 incidence of, 125, 131 scale of, 124-125 Public-sector funding, 127 Public-service announcements, wildfire protection, 91 Pulp fiber production, 62 Purchase, of private lands, 2 Q Quality of life, nonfederal forests as contributor to, 19 Quinault tribe, 148-149 R Rangelands, deterioration of, 70 Rare species, habitat of, 60-61

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--> Real estate value, 38 Recreation, acreage and number of forest land units owned for, 183 t Recreational activities, 48 nonfederal forests as setting for, 2 Recreational Boating and Facilities Improvement Act (1980), 101 Recreational opportunities, public nonfederal forestland, 39 Recreation values, 36 Recycling, 91 of wood, 62 Red-cockaded woodpecker, 107 Reduced-impact harvesting, 63 Reduced-impact logging techniques, 68 Reforestation, 18, 27, 46-47, 93 carbon sequestration, 68 forestry-consultant initiatives, 94 investment issue, 120 investment tax credits for, 101 public investments, 124 rates of return of investment, 121 regulatory effects, 122 variables affecting decisions by private nonindustrial forest landowners , 51-52, 194t voluntary guideline programs least effective, 52 Reforestation investment tax incentive, 101 Reforestation Trust fund, 44 Regeneration expenses, 100-101 Regeneration methods, 120 Regional integration, strategies of forestry interests fostered, 3 Regionalism, 84 Regulatory programs, 108 effectiveness, state programs, 195t federal regulatory role, 104-105 issues, 105 local-level programs, 50-51, 203-204 private-forest practices, 102-105 program coordination, 104 state and local initiatives, 104, 105 state-level programs, 49-50, 192t-193t, 203 Renewable Resources Extension Act (RREA), 46 programs, 43 Rental agreements, 105-107 Research and development, 133-136 availability of researchers, 134 funding of, 134, 139 organization and management of research, 135 planning and focus of research, 135-136 quality of research, 134 quantity of research, 134 Research Grants Program (EPA), 44 Residence, acreage and forestland units owned for, 183t Resource Conservation and Development Program (RC&D), 43 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCCRA), 44 Riparian Area Management Program, 43 Riparian forests, 70, 71, 122 Rivers and Harbors Act (1890), 103, 202 Rocky Mountain region federal programs, 189t forestland area by ownership, 179t nonfederal forestland acreage, 26, 117, 171t private forestland area and private ownership units, 180t state government programs, 48, 190t, 192t-193t timber harvest, 185t timberland acreage, 27, 173t tree planting and seeding, 177t urban forestland acreage, 175t Rolling easements, 106 Ruffed Grouse Society, 95 Rural Forestry Assistance program, 43, 81, 188t Rust, 69 S Safe harbor agreements, 107 Sanctuaries, 93-94 San Francisco Bay and Delta Estuary Initiatives, 44 Scotch broom, 70

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--> Second Conference of Parties to the Framework Convention on Climate Change in Geneva, 161 Sediment routing patterns, 70 Seed-tree laws, 49 Seventh American Forest Congress, 73, 75 Seventh generation, 148 Shipments, value of, in wood-based industries in U.S., 32, 33, 183 t Silvicultural regeneration systems, 47 Small log utilization technology, 62 Small Watershed Program, 43 Smith-Lever Act, 46 Smith-Lever Extension Programs, 43 Social benefits, health and psychological, 38 Softwood inventories, 35-36, 118, 119, 161, 186t Soil, ecological services in nonfederal forests, 2 Soil Bank Program (SBP), 51 Soil-sensitive timber harvesting techniques, 47 South, nonindustrial private forests, 29 South Carolina landowner-assistance programs, 93 timberland in Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 38 South Central region federal programs, 189t forestland area by ownership, 29, 179t nonfederal forestland, 26, 117, 171t pine plantation projections, 28, 178t plantation area on private timberland projected, 28, 178t private forestland area and private ownership units, 180t projected tree plantation, 63, 178t state government forestry program expenditures, 190t state government programs, 48-49, 50, 192t-193t stocking-control practices or regeneration, 123 timber harvest, 35, 185t timberland area by ownership, 173t tree planting and seeding, 28, 63, 177t urban forestland acreage, 28, 175t South Dakota, programs involving state- or county-owned forestlands , 115 Southeast region artificial vs. natural origin of forest stands on nonfederal timberland , 28, 178t federal programs, 189t finances of state forestry agencies, 191t forestland area by ownership, 29, 179t nonfederal forestland, 26, 171t pine plantation projections, 28, 178t private forestland area and number of private ownership units, 180 t projected tree plantations, 63, 178t state government programs, 48-49, 50, 190t, 192t-193t stocking-control practices or regeneration, 123 timber harvest, 35, 185t timberland area by ownership, 173t tree planting and seeding by ownership, 28, 63, 177t urban forestland acreage, 28, 175t timberland acreage, 117 South Florida/Everglades Restoration, 44 Special income tax treatment, 20 Special Projects Program, 188t Sport Fish Restoration Program, 43 Stand canopies, closure hastened, 35 State-directed forestry programs, 202-204 State fish and game agencies, 39 State forestry agencies, 2 education and information programs, 96 finances by region and source of support, 46, 191t investments, 46 managing land for recreational opportunities, 39 programs to directly influence use and management of private forests , 47 State forestry programs, 43 effectiveness as judged, 52, 195t State forests, 10 landowner investment circumstances, 113-114, 115-116

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--> State governments forestland area ownership by region, 30, 179t timberland area ownership, 172t-173t Statehood grants, 30 State investments, 124, 190t State-level programs, 46-50 assistance and incentive programs, 47, 190t, 192t cost-share grants, 99 federal government aid, 6-7, 20, 83 funding sources for, 127, 128, 130, 131 influencing private forestry practices, 92 linkages with federal programs, 84 linkage with nonfederal forests, 84 program selection and choices, 47 regional differences, state government programs, 48-49, 192t-193t regulatory effects on investments, 122 regulatory measures, 47 regulatory programs, 8, 49-50, 104-105, 192t-193t, 203 state agency funding, 46 state forestry agencies, investments, 46 State park agencies, 39 State property-rights laws, 151 State tax policies, 101-102 Stewardship, 150, 154 responsible, 142-149 Stewardship Incentives Program (SIP), 43, 45, 81, 124, 198 budget history of state and private forestry, 188t funding by region, 189t Stocking-control practices, 123 Storm-water flow, 38 Stream flow, high-quality water, 40 Stumpage prices, effect on reforestation, 123 Subsidies, discouraged by trade agreements, 159 Subsistence hunting, 148 Sulfur dioxide emissions, 66, 67 Superfund, 201 Surface water development, 40 Suspended sediment, 41 Sustainability clarification of, 16 definition, 17 federal role in, 20-21 of forests, 19 Sustainable development, definition, 17 Sustainable forest management, definition, 17, 208-209 Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI), 93, 113, 209 Sustained yield management, 63 Swan Valley Conservation Agreement, 85 T Target Industry Program (Michigan), 114, 115, 128 Tax credits, 47, 126 Tax deductions, 126 Tax delinquency, 30, 31 Tax incentive programs, 52, 98, 99-102, 108, 110 effectiveness, state programs, 195t state government programs, 192t-193t, 203 wildlife protection, 48 Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997, 99-100 Tax Reform Act of 1986, 100 Technical-assistance programs, 52, 96-98, 108, 110, 126 effectiveness, state programs, 195t public investments, 124, 131 state government programs, 192t-193t, 202 Technical forestry services, provision of, 2 Technology transfer, 136-137 client groups and scope of programs, 136-137 Term easements, 106 Thinning, 69 Threatened species, 40, 48 decline in CRP planting of pine plantations, 123 educational programs, 52 habitat in nonfederal forests, 2 habitat losses, 61

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--> multi-agency responsibilities, 6 protection through conservation rental contracts, 106 Timber increased mortality, 57, 58 softwood and hardwood net annual growth by ownership, 34, 187t Timber and wood products, 34-36 Timber bridge initiatives, 91 Timber export, 163 world demand, 160 Timber growing stock inventory, by ownership, 34, 35, 118, 186t regulatory effects, 122 Timber harvest, 109 by region, 34, 35, 185t from forest industry, farm, and privately owned forestland, 35 reduction as result of policy changes, 61-62 softwood and hardwood, by ownership, 34, 35, 184t Timber harvester certification, 93 Timber harvester registration programs, 93 Timber harvesting, 93 procedures, 47 Timber investory, investment issue, 118 Timberland acreage by ownership and region, 27, 172t-173t industrially owned acreage, 29, 170t nonfederal public ownership, 30, 172t privately owned, by ownership, 29, 170t Timber management investment issue, 119-120, 176t practices, 119-120 Timber production, acreage and forestland units owned for, 30, 183 t Timber products, certified forest practices, 95 Timber stand, investment in, 121 Timber-stand improvement (TSI), 63, 110, 120 fiscal incentives, 98 Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), 44 Trade agreements, 158-160, 163 nonfederal forests and, 11 Tree Assistance Program (TAP), 45, 199-200 funding by region, 189t Tree canopies, in Milwaukee, 38 Tree-farm program, 92 Tree planting and plantations, 63 acreage by region and ownership, 28-29, 176t-177t programs, community involvement in, 38 Trees Atlanta, 85 Tribal forests, 1, 10; see also Native Americans economic benefits from, 34 employment and income, 2, 34 as habitat for endangered and threatened species, 40 landowner investment circumstances, 114 as sanctuaries, 39 Tribal Restricted Fee, 29 Tribal Simple, 29 Tribal Trust, 29 Trinity County, California, wildcrafting, 37 Trust for Public Land, 94 Trusts, private, 9 U United Nations' Conference on Environment and Development (June 1992) , 156, 158 United States, tree planting and seeding by region, 177t U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 5, 42, 70, 75, 81 issuing permits for obstructing waterways, 202 programs administered by, 43 regulating wetlands per Clean Water Act, 200 U.S. Congress, 150 established National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, 94

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--> U.S. Constitution, Fifth Amendment, 145, 149, 150, 152, 153 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), 42, 43, 88 USDA Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES), 42, 45-46, 81, 95 programs administered by, 43 USDA Economic Research Service (ERS), nonfederal forestland acreage estimate, 26 USDA Farm Services Agency, 42, 200 USDA Forest Service, 2, 29-30, 42, 45, 78 budget history of state and private forestry, 188t costs for state and private expenditures, 73 creation of Forest Legacy Program, 106 definition of forestland, 138 employees on payroll (9/30/95), 34 Forest Health Management programs, 196 Forestry Incentives Program, 199 identification of potentially deteriorating forest conditions, 57 national strategic plan for programs at 5-year intervals, 74-75 nonfederal forestland acreage estimate, 26 nonfederal-forests programs, 91 potentially serious and deteriorating situations in U.S. forests, 57, 58 programs administered by, 43 RPA Program prepared, 5 state and private forestry programs, 83, 125 State and Private Forestry unit, 6, 44, 79, 85, 96 State and Private Forestry unit, interfacing with states, 83 USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), 42, 81, 96, 199 definition of forestland, 138 land use estimates (not forest cover), 27, 174t nonfederal forestland acreage estimate, 26 programs administered by, 43 USDA Soil Conservation Service 1991, 27 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 5, 42, 75, 81, 94 administering regulations for terrestrial and freshwater species, 201 enforcing Endangered Species Act, 202 National Training and Education Center, 137 programs administered by, 43, 70 U.S. General Accounting Office, reforestation investment tax incentive , 101 U.S. Geological Survey, 81 National Water Quality Assessment Program, 137 programs administered by, 44 U.S. Supreme Court Endangered Species Act regulation and property values, 152 protection of private property, 142 Upper Columbia Basin Project, 85 Urban and community benefits, 37-38 Urban and Community Forestry, 198 Urban and community forests, 10 economic value and other benefits, 37-38 social benefits, 37-38 Urban forestlands, 1, 27-28, 31, 66 acreage by region, 28, 175t landowner investment circumstances, 116-117 strategies to improve investment level, 117 Urban Forestry Program, 43, 81, 188t Urban-interface wildfires, 65 Urbanization, 27 Urban Resources Partnership, 85 Usufruct tenure, 145, 147 V Virginia forestry practice regulatory system, 49 programs involving state- or county-owned forestlands, 116

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--> timberland in Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 38 Volatile organic hydrocarbons (VOCs), emitted by trees, 67 Voluntary easements, 106 Voluntary-guideline programs, 192t-193t, 202 effectiveness, state level, 195t Voluntary initiatives, 91-96 Volunteer efforts, 94-95 Volunteer organizations, managing urban forests, 116 W Washington conversion of original forests, 61 forest practices regulatory law, 49, 50 programs involving state- or county-owned forestlands, 116 urban-interface wildfires, 65 Washington Department of Natural Resources, 36 Washington timber, fish, and wildlife agreement, 116 Water areas, diverted from forestland acreage, 27, 174t Water areas and federal land, land use and cover changes, 174t Water pollutants, prevention of, from nonpoint forest sources, 6 Water quality, 20, 36, 38, 47-48, 70-71 best management practices, 41 diminished, 57, 58 ecological services in nonfederal forests, 2 effectiveness of state forestry programs, 52, 195t potentially deteriorating situations, 58 private landowners to reserve riparian areas, 122 Sustainable Forest Initiative, 93 Water Quality Incentives Program, 199 Water-quality programs administered by federal government agencies or bureau-level units, 76 implemented by USDA, 76 Watershed characteristics, 57 Watershed integrity, 70-71 measures of, 71 Watershed Planning Conference, 78-79 Watershed Planning Program, 43, 44 Water temperature, 41 West region, state government programs, 48, 49-50, 192t-193t Wetland Reserve Program, 106-107 Wetlands, 20 Wetlands Regulatory Program, 44 Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP), 43 White pine blister rust, 69 White-tailed deer, 58-59 Wildcrafting, 36, 37 Wildfire, 20, 57, 121 and alien plants spreading, 70 management, 6-7, 64-65 protection, 18, 47, 83, 91, 124 protection, state forestry program effectiveness, 52, 195t suppression, federal assistance to states, 4 Wildland and urban interface, 64 Wildlife habitat, 70, 93, 110, 122 habitat provided, ecological services in nonfederal forests, 2 management, 48 populations, 36 protection, 52 Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program, 43, 199 Wildlife Restoration Program, 43 Wisconsin assistance provided to counties, 114 programs involving state- or county-owned forestlands, 116 Wisconsin Bureau of Forestry, 127 Wood, shortfall, ways to make up for, 62 Wood-based industry landowner investment circumstances, 112-113 research funding, 135 World Commission on Environment and Development, 16, 17 World Wildlife Fund (WWF), 95

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--> Recent Publications of the Board on Agriculture Policy and Resources Precision Agriculture in the 21st Century: Geospatial and Information Technologies in Crop Management (1997), 149 pp., ISBN 0-309-05893-7 Wood in Our Future: The Role of Life-Cycle Analysis, (1997), 147 pp., ISBN 0-309-5745-0 Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Universities: Public Service and Public Policy, (1996), 120 pp., ISBN 0-309-05433-8 Ecologically Based Pest Management: New Solutions for a New Century (1996), 152 pp., ISBN 0-309-05330-7 Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Universities: A Profile (1995), 146 pp., ISBN 0-309-05295-5 Investing in the National Research Initiative: An Update of the Competitive Grants Program in the U.S. Department of Agriculture (1994), 66 pp., ISBN 0-309-05235-1 Rangeland Health: New Methods to Classify, Inventory, and Monitor Rangelands (1994), 180 pp., ISBN 0-309-04879-6 Soil and Water Quality: An Agenda for Agriculture (1993), 516 pp., ISBN 0-309-04933-4 Managing Global Genetic Resources: Agricultural Crop Issues and Policies (1993), 450 pp., ISBN 0-309-04430-8 Pesticides in the Diets of Infants and Children (1993), 408 pp., ISBN 0-309-04875-3 Managing Global Genetic Resources: Livestock (1993), 294 pp., ISBN 0-309-04394-8 Sustainable Agriculture and the Environment in the Humid Tropics (1993), 720 pp., ISBN 0-309-04749-8 Agriculture and the Undergraduate: Proceedings (1992), 296 pp., ISBN 0-309-04682-3 Water Transfers in the West: Efficiency, Equity, and the Environment (1992), 320 pp., ISBN 0-309-04528-2 Managing Global Genetic Resources: Forest Trees (1991), 244 pp., ISBN 0-309-04034-5 Managing Global Genetic Resources: The U.S. National Plant Germplasm System (1991), 198 pp., ISBN 0-309-04390-5 Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education in the Field: A Proceedings (1991), 448 pp., ISBN 0-309-04578-9 Toward Sustainability: A Plan for Collaborative Research on Agriculture and Natural Resource Management (1991), 164 pp., ISBN 0-309-04540-1 Investing in Research: A Proposal to Strengthen the Agricultural, Food, and Environmental System (1989), 156 pp., ISBN 0-309-04127-9 Alternative Agriculture (1989), 464 pp., ISBN 0-309-03985-1 Understanding Agriculture: New Directions for Education (1988), 80 pp., ISBN 0-309-03936-3 Designing Foods: Animal Product Options in the Marketplace (1988), 394 pp., ISBN 0-309-03798-0; ISBN 0-309-03795-6 (pbk) Agricultural Biotechnology: Strategies for National Competitiveness (1987), 224 pp., ISBN 0-309-03745-X Regulating Pesticides in Food: The Delaney Paradox (1987), 288 pp., ISBN 0-309-03746-8 Pesticide Resistance: Strategies and Tactics for Management (1986), 480 pp., ISBN 0-309-03627-5 Pesticides and Groundwater Quality: Issues and Problems in Four States (1986), 136 pp., ISBN 0-309-03676-3

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--> Soil Conservation: Assessing the National Resources Inventory, Volume 1 (1986), 134 pp., ISBN 0-309-03649-9; Volume 2 (1986), 314 pp., ISBN 0-309-03675-5 New Directions for Biosciences Research in Agriculture: High-Reward Opportunities (1985), 122 pp., ISBN 0-309-03542-2 Genetic Engineering of Plants: Agricultural Research Opportunities and Policy Concerns (1984), 96 pp., ISBN 0-309-03434-5 Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals Series and Related Titles Nutrient Requirements of Swine, Tenth Revised Edition (1998), 216 pp., ISBN 0-309-05993-3 The Role of Chromium in Animal Nutrition (1997), 80 pp., 0-309-06354-X Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle, Seventh Revised Edition (1996), 241 pp., ISBN 0-309-05426-5; disk included Building a North American Feed Information System (1995), 70 pp. Nutrient Requirements of Laboratory Animals, Fourth Rev. Ed. (1995)., 176 pp., ISBN 0-309-05126-6 Metabolic Modifiers: Effects on the Nutrient Requirements of Food-Producing Animals (1994), 81 pp., ISBN 04997-0 Nutrient Requirements of Poultry, Ninth Revised Edition (1994), ISBN 0-309-04892-3 Nutrient Requirements of Fish (1993), 108 pp., ISBN 0-309-04891-5 Nutrient Requirements of Horses, Fifth Revised Edition (1989), 128 pp., ISBN 0-309-03989-4; diskette included Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle, Sixth Revised Edition, Update 1989 (1989), 168 pp., ISBN 0-309-03826-X; diskette included Vitamin Tolerance of Animals (1987), 105 pp., ISBN 0-309-03728-X Predicting Feed Intake of Food-Producing Animals (1986), 95 pp., ISBN 0-309-03695-X Nutrient Requirements of Cats, Revised Edition (1986), 87 pp., ISBN 0-309-03682-8 Nutrient Requirements of Dogs, Revised Edition (1985), 79 pp., ISBN 0-309-03496-5 Nutrient Requirements of Sheep, Sixth Revised Edition (1985), 106 pp., ISBN 0-309-03596-1 Further information, additional titles (prior to 1984), and prices are available from the National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20418, 202-334-3313 (information only); 800-624-6242 (orders only); 202-334-2451 (fax).