. "4 Policies and Programs." Forested Landscapes in Perspective: Prospects and Opportunities for Sustainable Management of America's Nonfederal Forests. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 1998.
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National Park Service. Regionally specific programs such as the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, Mammoth Cave, and South Florida/Everglades Restoration.
U.S. Geological Survey. Critical Ecosystem Research and Assessment (CERA) Program, Federal State Cooperative Program (water information), GIS Program, GAP Analysis Program, and National Minerals Assessment Program.
Land and Water Conservation Fund. Fund for state and federal land acquisitions.
U.S. Department of Labor
Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Timber industry workplace safety program.
U.S. Department of the Treasury
Internal Revenue Service. Federal tax system, including estate taxes, capital gains tax, management cost deductions, and reforestation investment tax incentive.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
EPA Programs. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP); Clean Water Act Programs (nonpoint pollutant sources); Clean Air Act Programs (controlled burn air pollutants; programs authorized by Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCCRA), and Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA); Wetlands Regulatory Program (shared with Corps of Engineers); Research Grants Program; Watershed Planning Program; and regionally-specific programs such as Great Lakes National Program, Mid-Atlantic Highlands Assessment Program, Great Plains Project, San Franciso Bay and Delta Estuary Initiatives, Pacific Northwest Forest Plan, and Chesapeake Bay Program.
Assistance and Incentive Programs
The State and Private Forestry unit of the USDA Forest Service is involved with three major types of programs that deliver assistance and incentives to owners and managers of nonfederal forests: Forest Health Management, Cooperative Forestry, and several transfer programs. The total State and Private Forestry budget of $136.8 million is 6 percent of the total USDA Forest Service budget, $2.167 billion, which does not include Cooperative Work Trusts, the Reforestation Trust Fund, and Permanent Appropriation.
Forest Health Management
Forest Health Management appropriations totaled $49.9 million in 1996, having steadily declined between 1992 and 1996 (Table A-23, A-24). Forest Health Management includes the Federal Lands Forest Health Management, Cooperative