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Glossary and Acronyms AAPCC American Association of Poison Control Centers AIDS acquirficiency syndrome AIDSDRUGS a factual online database (available on MEDLARS) containing information on chemical and biologic agents being evaluated in AIDS clinical trials AIDSLINE a bibliographic online database (available on MEDLARS) covering the scientific literature on AIDS and related topics AIDSTRIALS a factual online database (available on MEDLARS) containing information on the clinical trials of substances being evaluated for use against AIDS, HIV infection, and AIDS-related opportunistic diseases AOEC Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry CANCERLIT Cancer Literature, a bibliographic online database (available on MEDLARS) covering the scientific literature on cancer epidemiology, pathology, treatment, and research
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CAS Chemical Abstracts Service, a division of the American Chemical Society; CAS is an abstracting and indexing service for the scientific literature on chemistry. CAS Registry Number an identification number assigned by CAS to each unique chemical entity CCRIS Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System, a factual online database (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) sponsored by NCI containing scientifically evaluated data derived from carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, tumor promotion, and tumor inhibition tests CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CD-ROM compact disk read-only memory CERCLA Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, also known as the Super-fund Act ChemID Chemical Identification, a nonroyalty chemical nomenclature and dictionary online database (available on MEDLARS) containing information on more than 294,000 chemical substances CHEMLEARN a computer-based tutorial, developed by SIS, to teach librarians, information specialists, and scientists how to effectively search ChemID and CHEMLINE CHEMLINE Chemical Dictionary Online, a royalty chemical nomenclature and dictionary online database (available on MEDLARS) containing information on more than 1.4 million chemical substances CRISP Computer Retrieval of Information on Scientific Projects, an online database providing information on NIH-funded research grants
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DART Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology, a bibliographic online database (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) containing citations to the scientific literature on teratology and other aspects of developmental toxicology DHHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services DIRLINE Directory of Information Resources Online, a directory database (available on MEDLARS) containing information on more than 17,000 health and biomedical organizations, including federal, state, and local agencies, professional societies, support groups, academic and research institutions, and voluntary organizations DOCLINE NLM's automated interlibrary loan request and referral system DoT U.S. Department of Transportation EHPC Environmental Health Policy Committee, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services EINECS European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances ELHILL MEDLARS software designed for bibliographic retrieval; a gateway links ELHILL to TOXNET allowing users to search all NLM databases. EMIC and EMICBACK Environmental Mutagen Information Center database (and its backfile, pre-1950 to 1991), bibliographic online databases (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) covering the scientific literature on chemical, biologic, and physical agents that have been tested for mutagenic activity EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
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ETICBACK Environmental Teratology Information Center backfile, a bibliographic online database (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) covering the scientific literature on teratology (pre-1950 to 1989); ETICBACK is continued by the DART database. FDA Food and Drug Administration FEDRIP Federal Research in Progress, an online database containing information on ongoing federally funded research projects in the physical sciences, engineering, and life sciences FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency FIFRA Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (1947) FTE full-time employee FY fiscal year GENE-TOX Genetic Toxicology, a factual online database (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) created by EPA containing peer-reviewed genetic toxicology data on approximately 3,000 chemicals Grateful Med an NLM-developed software package that facilitates searching of MEDLINE and other NLM online files HBCUs Historically Black Colleges and Universities HIC Health Information Center of the Wheaton Regional Library, Montgomery County, MD; NLM sponsors a project in conjunction with HIC to provide environmental health and HIV/AIDS information resources to the general public. HIV human immunodeficiency virus
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HSDB Hazardous Substances Data Bank, a factual online database (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) containing peer-reviewed toxicity, regulatory, emergency treatment, and environmental fate information on more than 4,500 chemicals IAIMS Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems, IAIMS grants are available through NLM to support institution-wide computer networks linking administrative, patient care, research, and education-related information systems. IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer IOM Institute of Medicine IRIS Integrated Risk Information System, a factual online database produced by EPA (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) containing information on the carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic health risk assessment of more than 660 chemical substances ISG Information Systems Grants, grants available through NLM that provide funds for improving or expanding access to information technologies; larger hospitals and academic health centers are the primary recipients of these grants. ISM Information Sources Map, one of four knowledge components of the UMLS project; ISM is a database with information on the scope, location, and access points of biomedical databases. LOANSOME DOC a feature of the Grateful Med software program that allows health professionals to order full-text documents for references retrieved in MEDLINE and other NLM databases Medical Informatics the study of medical information, including medical decision making, cognitive processes, human-machine interface, knowledge representation, and information storage and retrieval
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MEDLARS Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, NLM's network of more than 40 online bibliographic and factural databases MEDLINE Medical Literature Online, NLM's major bibliographic database covering the biomedical literature MED75, 80, 85, 90 back files of MEDLINE MeSH Medical Subject Headings, NLM's controlled vocabulary thesaurus consisting of terms arranged in both an alphabetical and a hierarchical structure Metathesaurus a knowledge source component of UMLS that establishes conceptual links between biomedical terms from diverse source vocabularies and classifications MTD maximum threshold dosage NAS National Academy of Sciences NCEH National Center for Environmental Health NCI National Cancer Institute NCTR National Center for Toxicological Research NEDI National Environmental Data Index NIEHS National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences NIH National Institutes of Health NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NLM National Library of Medicine NN/LM National Network of Libraries of Medicine, a network of more than 4,500 health science libraries NTIS National Technical Information Service
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NTP National Toxicology Program ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory, a U.S. Department of Energy multiprogram laboratory OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration PDQ Physician's Data Query, a factual online database established by NCI containing information on cancer treatment and clinical research programs (available on MEDLARS) POISINDEX a commercial database produced by Micromedex, Inc., that provides toxicity and treatment information for exposures to household products and other chemical substances R&D research and development RML Regional Medical Library, major health science libraries that administer and coordinate services in the eight geographical regions of the NN/LM RN Chemical Abstracts Registry Number RTECS Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances, a factual online database produced by NIOSH (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) that provides chemical toxicity data on more than 133,000 substances SARA Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (1986) SIS Specialized Information Services, the NLM division with responsibilities for the management of the TEHIP program and AIDS-related databases SPECIALIST a knowledge source component of UMLS that establishes lexical entries for biomedical terms and is used in natural language processing programs
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SRP Scientific Review Panel, experts in toxicology, medicine, and the environmental sciences that regularly review the content of HSDB Superfund Act (see CERCLA) SUPERLIST a feature of the ChemID database providing information on the chemicals that appear on key state and federal regulatory and environmental health listings TEHIP Toxicology and Environmental Health Information Program, NLM's program that encompasses 16 factual and bibliographic databases providing toxicology and environmental information Telnet program that lets Internet users log into computers other than their own host computers TIP Toxicology Information Program, NLM program created in 1967 to disseminate toxicology information; in 1994, the program changed its name to TEHIP. TIPCOM Toxicology Information Program Committee, a National Academy of Sciences advisory committee that provided policy and technical advice to SIS from 1969 to 1994 TOMES Toxicology, Occupational Medicine, and Environmental Series, a commercial database produced by Micromedex, Inc., that provides medical and hazard management information for exposures to chemical substances TOXLINE Toxicology Information Online, a multicomponent, nonroyalty bibliographic online database (available on MEDLARS) providing citations to the worldwide literature on toxicology and related fields TOXLINE65 TOXLINE backfile that primarily covers citations from 1965 to 1980 TOXLIT Toxicology Literature, a royalty-based bibliographic online database (available on MEDLARS) composed primarily of citations from Chemical Abstracts
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TOXLIT65 TOXLIT backfile that primarily covers citations from 1965 to 1980 TOXNET Toxicology Data Network, NLM's microprocessor-based system for building, maintaining, and online delivery of databases in toxicology and environmental health; a gateway links the TOXNET systems with ELHILL so that the user can search all NLM databases. TRI Toxic Chemical Release Inventory, a series of online databases (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) created by EPA from industry submissions of annual environmental releases (approximately 300 chemicals) TRIFACTS Toxic Chemical Release Inventory Facts, an online database (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) containing summarized information on the health, ecological effects, safety, and handling of chemicals listed in TRI TSCA Toxic Substance Control Act (1976) TSCAINV Toxic Substances Control Act Inventory UMLS Unified Medical Language System, a multicomponent NLM research and development initiative working on the retrieval and integration of biomedical information from a variety of sources WWWWorld Wide Web
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Representative terms from entire chapter: