Index

A

Absolute risk, 43-44, 64, 74, 75, 90, 134-135, 137, 164, 201, 226-228, 301

Action levels

EPA, 3, 13, 19, 24, 31, 94, 356, 357

foreign authorities, 31, 358

Adenocarcinomas, 33, 239, 249, 250, 251, 346, 355, 386, 390, 392, 396, 398, 399, 402-410 (passim), 414, 415

Aerosol characteristics, general, 199, 203, 208, 214, 223

mine measurements, 219, 194

size distribution, 31, 180-181, 183-184, 311

smoking-generated, 252

Age factors, 31, 71, 82, 83, 88, 89, 102, 103, 104, 110, 137, 140, 141, 144, 167, 210, 212, 213, 255, 274

attained age, 8, 74, 75-76, 80-84 (passim), 110, 114, 134-139 (passim), 144, 147, 149, 151, 257-272 (passim), 275, 280, 281, 285, 286, 287, 376

diesel fumes as carcinogen, 352

dosimetry, 9, 119

ecologic studies, 360, 361, 366-360, 376

exposure-age-concentration, 8, 11, 12, 14, 15, 18, 25-26, 80-82, 84-87, 92-99 (passim), 105-109, 113, 115, 147-149, 151-154, 173, 175

exposure-age-duration, 8, 11, 12, 14, 15, 18, 25-26, 80-87, 92-99 (passim), 105, 106-109, 113, 147-149, 151-154, 174, 175

first exposure, age at, 134, 136, 138, 139, 140, 165, 254, 255, 256-275, (passim), 280, 282, 284, 285-286, 290, 292, 315, 317, 319, 322, 325

gender factors and, 12, 232, 233

inverse dose rate effect, 60, 61

lifetime relative risk, 110-112, 134-135, 167, 171

relative risk/excess relative risk, 8, 25, 81, 84, 87, 88, 90, 93, 110, 114, 134-135, 136, 138, 147, 151-154, 164-165, 280, 284

smoking, 95-96, 143, 226, 232, 233-234, 238, 239, 240, 371

see also Children;

Infants

Airways and airway diseases, 47, 50, 205, 208

American Cancer Society, 238, 239

Animal studies, 5, 22, 27, 37

diesel fumes as carcinogen, 351-354

extrapolation to human effects, 63, 243

genetic susceptibility, 38, 42, 43-44, 68, 200-201

mycotoxins as carcinogens, 355

nonmalignant respiratory diseases, 117



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement