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Appendix A Abbreviations Used in Text AAS American Astronomical Society AAT Anglo-Australian Telescope AAVSO American Association of Variable Star Observers AIP American Institute of Physics AO Announcement of Opportunity ARPA Advanced Research Projects Agency ASC Astronomy Survey Committee ASO Advanced Solar Observatory ATD advanced technology development ATM Apollo Telescope Mount AU Astronomical Unit AURA Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy AXAF Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility COD charge-coupled device CID charge-injection device COBE Cosmic Background Explorer CRP Cosmic-Ray Platform CSUN California State University at Northridge CSW Committee on the Status of Women (AAS) CTIO Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory ESA European Space Agency ESO European Southern Observatory E W extreme ultraviolet E WE Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer FTE full-time employee FFRDC federally funded research and development centers 439

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440 GISS Goddard Institute for Space Studies GRIST Grazing-Incidence Solar Telescope GRO Gamma Ray Observatory GRSF Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy Facility GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center HAD High Altitude Observatory HEAD High Energy Astronomical Observatory HEW Health, Education, and Welfare, Department of ICCD imaging charge-coupled device I CM intrac luster med ium IGM intergalactic medium IIDS intensified image-dissector scanner IMP Interplanetary Monitoring Platform IPL Interplanetary Laboratory IR infrared IRAS Infrared Astronomy Satellite Explorer ISEE International Sun Earth Explorer ISPM International Solar Polar Mission IUE International Ultraviolet Explorer IUS Inertial Upper Stage JILA Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory KAO Kuiper Airborne Observatory k bps kilobits per second KPNO Kitt Peak National Observatory LAMAR Large Area Modular Array of Reflectors LDC less-developed country LDR Large Deployable Reflector Mbps megabits per second MFLOPS million floating-point operations per second MIRA Monterey Institute for Research in Astronomy MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology MMT Multiple-Mirror Telescope MPI Max Planck Institute MPIfR Max Planck Institute for Radiophysics MPP Massively Parallel Processor MSFC Marshall Space Flight Center NAIC National Astronomy and Ionospheric Center NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NBS National Bureau of Standards NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research NTT New Technology Telescope NRAO National Radio Astronomy Observatory NRC National Research Council NSF National Science Foundation OAO Orbiting Astronomical Observatory OEP Organization, Education, and Personnel, Panel on

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441 ONR Office of Naval Research OPEN Origin of Plasmas in the Earth's Neighborhood OSO Orbiting Solar Observatory QSO quasi-stellar object R&D research and development SAC Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory SAS Small Astronomical Satellite SCE Solar Coronal Explorer SERC Science and Engineering Research Council (U.K.) SIRTF Shuttle Infrared Telescope Facility SIT silicon-intensified target SLAC Stanford Linear Accelerator Center SMM Solar Maximum Mission S/N signal-to-noise ratio SNR supernova remnant SOT Solar Optical Telescope SPSS Statistical Package for the Social Sciences SR&T supporting research and technology SSEF Solar Shuttle E W Facility SSM Solar Maximum Mission SSXTF Solar Soft X-Ray Telescope Facility ST Space Telescope STScI Space Telescope Science Institute SUNY State University of New York TDRSS Tracking and Data by Relay Satellite System UBV ultraviolet, blue, visible USN United States Navy W ultraviolet W OIR ultraviolet, optical, and infrared VLA Very Large Array VLB very-long baseline VLBI very-long-baseline interferometry XRO X-Ray Observatory XTE X-Ray Timing Explorer WFC Wide-Field Camera

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