ALAKA MALWADE BASU is senior research associate at the Division of Nutritional Sciences at Cornell University. Her major research work is in the social and cultural context of demographic behavior and the political context of population research and policy, especially the interrelationships between women's status and demographic behavior. She has done extensive field research in India. She served as the chair of the Scientific Committee on Anthropological Demography of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population. She earned B.Sc. degrees in biochemistry from the Universities of Bombay and London, and an M.Sc. degree in medical demography from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

JOSE LUIS BOBADILLA was principal health specialist at the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) before his death in October 1996. Before joining the IADB, he had been senior health specialist at the World Bank, a center director at the Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica in Mexico City, and professor in the medical faculty of the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico. His recent work included helping developing countries use analyses of disease burden and cost-effectiveness of interventions to plan health programs. His research interests included the epidemiologic transition in Latin America and the effectiveness of obstetric and perinatal services. He completed his medical studies at the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, and earned an M.S. degree in community medicine and a Ph.D. degree in health care epidemiology from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. (Please see Dedication to this volume.)

WILLARD CATES, JR., is senior vice president of Biomedical Affairs, Family Health International (FHI), North Carolina, and visiting professor of epidemiology at several universities. Prior to joining FHI, he was at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), where he served as Director of the Division of STD/HIV Prevention for 9 years. While at CDC, he also directed the Division of Training, overseeing the Epidemic Intelligence Service and Preventive Medicine Residency. He is past president of the Society for Epidemiologic Research and co-author of two major reproductive health textbooks. He received an undergraduate degree from Yale University; a masters degree in history from Kings College, Cambridge University, Cambridge, England; and a combined M.D.M.P.H. degree from Yale School of Medicine. He trained clinically in internal medicine at the University of Virginia Hospital.

CHRISTOPHER J. ELIAS is a senior associate in the International Programs Division of the Population Council and serves as country representative for the Population Council in Thailand, responsible for activities in

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