Agency for International Development, U.S., 1

AIDS/HIV

case management, 76

counseling and testing, 69-70

in developed countries, 44-45

in developing countries, 48

educational interventions, 36, 65-66

in pregnancy, 58

prevalence, 2

recommendations for clinical services, 81-82

risk factors, 2

Anemia

pregnancy complications, 120-121

prenatal care, 9, 125-126

Asia, 14

access to maternity care, 131, 137, 138

female genital mutilation, 32

maternal mortality, 116

reproductive tract disease, 46, 47

sex-selective abortion, 110

sexual behavior standards, 25, 27

sexual violence, 30

B

Birth. See Delivery and neonatal care

C

Cancer, 18

cervical, screening for, 80

RTI-related, 58-59

Caribbean basin, 14

access to maternity care, 131

sexual violence, 30

Chancroid, 47

Children, sexual exploitation of, 32

Chlamydia, 43, 44, 47, 54, 55, 57, 77, 128

Circumcision, female. See Female genital mutilation

Circumcision, male, 51, 71

Client-oriented, provider-efficient (COPE) assessment, 82, 105

Commercial sex

condom promotion, 69

cultural trends and, 29

heath risks for workers, 30

sociocultural differences, 29

STD prevention strategies, 67

STD screening, 5

Contraception

abortion demand and, 112

access, 6-7, 103-104

condom promotion, 4

current service delivery, 147-150

demand for subsidized services, 110-111

effects on STDs, 51

emergency methods, 102-103

estimates of unmet need, 100-102

policy obstacles to, 112

as prevention of abortion complications, 96-97

public awareness and understanding, 106-108

quality of family planning services, 103-106

side effects, 107

social marketing, 4, 69, 108

technical innovation, 102

unwanted birth prevalence and, 89, 94-95

user adherence and compliance, 104-105

utilization, 103

women's concerns, 37

women's sexual rights and, 24

women's social status as determinant of, 111-112

COPE assessment, 82, 105

See also Family planning services

Costs

administrative costs, 10

future prospects, 195

health-seeking behavior in pregnancy and, 273

models for estimating, 192-193, 279-294

policy decisions, 188-189



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