TABLE 3-1 Major Sexually Transmitted Infection Microbial Agents and Their Effects

Sexually Transmitted Infection

Acute Disease

Chronic Disease

Pregnancy-Associated Disease

Bacterial

 

 

 

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Urethritis; Cervicitis; Salpingitis

Infertility; Ectopic pregnancy; Chronic pelvic pain

Prematurity; Septic abortion; Ophthalmia neonatorum; Postpartum endometritis

Chlamydia trachomatis

Urethritis; Cervicitis; Salpingitis

Infertility; Ectopic pregnancy; Chronic pelvic pain

Ophthalmia neonatorum; Pneumonia Postpartum endometritis; Prematurity (?)

Treponema pallidum

Primary and secondary syphilis

Neurosyphilis; Cardiovascular syphilis; Gumma

Spontaneous abortion; Stillbirth; Congenital syphilis

Haemophilus ducreyi

Genital ulcer

None known

None known

Viral

 

 

 

Human immunode-ficiency virus (HIV)

Mononucleosis-like syndrome

AIDS

Prematurity; Stillbirth; Perinatal HIV infection

Human papilloma virus (HPV)

Genital warts

Genital cancer

Laryngeal papillomatosis

Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)

Genital ulcer

Recurrent; genital herpes

Congenital and neonatal; HSV; Prematurity

Hepatitis B virus (HBV)

Acute hepatitis

Chronic hepatitis; Cirrhosis; Hepatoma; Vasculitis

Perinatal HBV

Parasitic

 

 

 

Trichomonas vaginalis

Vaginitis; Urethritis

 

Prematurity; Low birthweight

(?), Evidence is weaker than for other effects.

 

SOURCE: Adapted from Brunham and Ronald (1991:62).



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