Cover Image

HARDBACK
$52.95



View/Hide Left Panel

TABLE 5–2 Examples of Health Care Cost Estimates Used

Outpatient Costs

Physician A

$50

Physician B (specialist)

$100

Physician C (in hospital)

$150

Medication A (nonprescription)

$10

Medication B (inexpensive prescription)

$50

Medication C (expensive prescription)

$150

Diagnostic A

$50

Diagnostic B

$100

Diagnostic C

$500

Hospitalization Costs (per admission; based on hospitalization)

Multiple Sclerosis

$3,000

Pneumonia

$3,000

Viral Meningitis

$3,000

Tuberculosis

$6,000

Cellulitis

$3,000

Amputation

$7,000

Cirrhosis

$5,000

Ectopic Pregnancies

$3,000

Ulcer

$3,000

Digestive

$4,000

Gastroenteritis

$2,000

Complicated delivery (additional cost)

$2,000

Infectious myocarditis

$3,000

Diabetic complications

$3,000

Melanoma

$4,000

The total discounted cost of care that would be averted with vaccine use, CC in Equation 1, was obtained by summing the costs across all health states. As was done for health benefits, calculations for separate subpopulations were summed to produce an estimate of total costs.

VACCINE EFFICACY AND UTILIZATION

The analysis includes adjustments for incomplete efficacy and use of the candidate vaccines, either of which will reduce the expected health benefits and savings in the cost of care. A lower utilization rate will also reduce the costs ssociated with vaccinating the target population. These adjustments were made by multiplying the QALY and cost measures by the assumed efficacy (Eff) and utilization rates (U) (see Equation 2).



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement