APPENDIX A Abbreviations and Acronyms


ADDS

African Data Dissemination Service

ADS

Astrophysics Data System

ASCII

American Standard Code for Information Interchange

ATM

asynchronous transfer mode

AURA

Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy

AVHRR

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer


BASIS

Battelle Automatic Search Information System


CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CDF

Collider Detector at Fermilab

CDIAC

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center

CD-ROM

Compact Disk-Read Only Memory

CEC

Commission of the European Communities

CEOS

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites

CGIAR

Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research

CIESIN

Consortium for International Earth Sciences Information Network

CINDAS

Center for Information and Numerical Data Analysis and Synthesis

COBIOTECH

Committee for Biotechnology (ICSU)

CODATA

Committee on Data for Science and Technology (ICSU)

COSTED

Committee on Science and Technology in Developing Countries



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--> APPENDIX A Abbreviations and Acronyms ADDS African Data Dissemination Service ADS Astrophysics Data System ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange ATM asynchronous transfer mode AURA Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer BASIS Battelle Automatic Search Information System CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDF Collider Detector at Fermilab CDIAC Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center CD-ROM Compact Disk-Read Only Memory CEC Commission of the European Communities CEOS Committee on Earth Observation Satellites CGIAR Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research CIESIN Consortium for International Earth Sciences Information Network CINDAS Center for Information and Numerical Data Analysis and Synthesis COBIOTECH Committee for Biotechnology (ICSU) CODATA Committee on Data for Science and Technology (ICSU) COSTED Committee on Science and Technology in Developing Countries

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--> DIS data indexing system; data and information system DMC Data Management Center (IRIS) DNA deoxyribonucleic acid DOC Department of Commerce DOD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy DOI Department of the Interior DVD digital versatile disk ENDF/B Evaluated Nuclear Data File/B ENSDF Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File EOS Earth Observing System EOSAT Earth Observation Satellite Company EOSDIS Earth Observing System Data and Information System EPA Environmental Protection Agency EROS Earth Resources Observation Systems ESA European Space Agency FAME Fatty Acid Methyl Ester FAO Food and Agriculture Organization FDSN Federation of Digital Seismic Networks FITS Flexible image transport system FTP file transfer protocol GIS Geographic Information System GMT Greenwich mean time HD-ROM high density-read only memory HEP high-energy physics HIPPI high-performance parallel interface HST Hubble Space Telescope HTML HyperText Mark-up Language HTTP HyperText Transfer Protocol IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency ICSU International Council of Scientific Unions IEEE Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers IETF Internet Engineering Task Force IFS International Foundation for Science IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme IITF Information Infrastructure Task Force IMPACT Information Market Policy Action Program IPng Internet Protocol next generation

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--> IPR intellectual property right IRAF Image Reduction and Analysis Facility IREX International Research and Exchange Board IRIS Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology ISDN integrated services digital network ISO International Organization for Standardization LAN local area network MBone multicast broadcast backbone network Mbps megabits per second MEMS micro-electromechanical systems MIAC Metals Information Analysis Center MSS multispectral scanner NAS National Academy of Sciences NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information NCDC National Climatic Data Center NGDC National Geophysical Data Center NGO nongovernmental organization NIH National Institutes of Health NII national information infrastructure NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NLM National Library of Medicine NNDC National Nuclear Data Center NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NODC National Oceanographic Data Center NRC National Research Council NSF National Science Foundation NUDAT Nuclear database (part of ENSDF) OAS Organization of American States OECD Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development OMB Office of Management and Budget OTA Office of Technology Assessment PC personal computer PDF PostScript Data File POSIX Portable Operating System Interface for Computer Environments (an IEEE standard) POTS "plain old" telephone service PTO Patent and Trademark Office

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--> PTT Post, Telephone, and Telegraph ministry RNA ribonucleic acid SGML Standard Generalized Mark-up Language SIMBAD set of identifications, measurements, and bibliography for astronomical data SMART System for the Mechanical Analysis and Retrieval of Text SMTP Simple Message Transfer Protocol SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol SOTER Soils and Terrain Digital Database SPECINFO a database from Chemical Concepts GmbH containing digitized nuclear magnetic resonance data and infrared spectra for chemical compounds STAIRS Storage and Information Retrieval System ST-ECF Space Telescope European Coordinating Facility STN Science and Technology Network International STScI Space Telescope Science Institute TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol TM Thematic Mapper TRIPS Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, Agreement on TWAS Third World Academy of Sciences UC University of California UNCED United Nations Commission on Economic Development UNCTAD United Nations Commission on Trade and Development UNDP United Nations Development Programme UNEP United Nations Environment Programme UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization URL uniform resource locator URN uniform resource name USAID United States Agency for International Development USGS United States Geological Survey USNC-CODATA United States National Committee for CODATA VITA Volunteers in Technical Assistance VHS video home system

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--> WDC World Data Center WHO World Health Organization WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization WMO World Meteorological Organization WTO World Trade Organization WWW World Wide Web