Users Workshop, National Governors Council, published by the National Governors Association, Washington, DC: 264 pp. plus Appendices. For a more recent study regarding the barriers and issues inherent in data integration efforts, see National Research Council (1995), Finding the Forest in the Trees: The Challenge of Combining Diverse Environmental Data, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.


National Research Council (1995), Preserving Scientific Data on Our Physical Universe: A New Strategy for Archiving the Nation's Scientific Information Resources, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.


W. Grattidge, J.H. Westbrook, C. Brown, and W.B. Novinger (1987), "A Versatile Data Capture System for Archival Graphics and Text," Computer Handling and Dissemination of Data, ed. P.S. Glaeser, Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. (North Holland), CODATA; W. Grattidge, W.B. Lund, and J.H. Westbrook (1990), "A Data Capture System for Printed Tabular Data," Proc. 11th Int'l CODATA Conf.: Scientific and Technical Data in a New Era, P.S. Glaeser, ed., Hemisphere Press, Karlsruhe, FRG, 302-306; W. Grattidge, W.B. Lund, and J.H. Westbrook (1992), "Problems of Interpretation and Representation in the Computerization of a Printed Reference Work on Materials Data,'' Computerization and Networking of Materials Databases, Vol. 3, ASTM STP 1140, Thomas L. Barry and Keith W. Reynard, eds., American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia.


See the Norwegian University of Science and Technology Department of Computer Systems home page at <>.


Patrick Seitz (1995), "Firms Battle for Spectrum," Space News, November 27:1.


International Internet connectivity levels improve constantly and cannot be generalized about. For a continuously updated report, see the Internet Connecting Chart, copyright by Larry Landweber 1995, at <>. See also the International E-mail Accessibility home page compiled by Oliver M.J. Crepin-Leblond at <>; e-mail access information is based on International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standard 3166 names. For a survey of International Internet and K-12 Connectivity done by the NASA Science Internet Program, compiled by Antony Villasenor, see <>.


See, generally, the series of articles in "Eye on Emerging Nations" in On the Internet, the Internet Society, Reston, Va.


National Research Council (1996), Bridge Builders: African Experiences with Information and Communication Technology, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. See also the African Academy of Sciences/American Association for the Advancement of Science (1993), Electronic Networking in Africa, AAAS, Washington, D.C.


See the U.S. Agency for International Development's Africa Link home page at <> for a detailed description of Internet and other types of network connectivity on the African continent.


See <> for more information about the activities of the Association for Progressive Communications in Africa and other regions of the world.


See Trudy Bell, John Adam, and Sue Lowe (1996), "Communications," IEEE Spectrum (January):40.


See National Research Council (1996), Cryptography's Role in Securing the Information Society, Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

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