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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

Support for this project was provided by the National Science Foundation (under grant no. INT-9507279), the National Library of Medicine (under purchase orders 467-FZ-501994, 467-MZ-60063 1, and 467-FZ-402090), the Defense Technical Information Center (under purchase order no. D-03-94 and award no. SP060096P0470), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (under purchase order S-73093-Z), the National Institute of Standards and Technology (under contract no. 50SBNB6C9118), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (under grant nos. NA56EC0622 and 56-DKNA-7-95101), and the Department of Energy (under grant no. DE-FG0296ER30277).

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Bits of power : issues in global access to scientific data / Committee on Issues in the Transborder Flow of Scientific Data, U.S. National Committee for CODATA, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications, National Research Council.

p. cm.

Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN 0-309-05635-7

1. Communication in science. 2. Research—Information services. 3. Database management. 4. Information technology. I. U.S. National Committee for CODATA. Committee on Issues in the Transborder Flow of Scientific Data. Q223.B58 1997 97-4836

Bits of Power: Issues in Global Access to Scientific Data is available from the

National Academy Press,
2101 Constitution Ave., NW, Box 285, Washington, DC 20055 (1-800-824-6242; http://www.nap.edu).

Cover photo courtesy of Peter Arnold, Inc., New York, N.Y.

Copyright 1997 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America



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