Table 3.1 Efforts to Promote Industry-Initiated Programs

Type of Effort

Intended Benefits

Environmental management standards

Provide a nonregulatory means to certify the approach that a company uses to pursue environmental goals.

Environmental labelling of products

Promote accurate environmental advertising. Encourage consumers to take environmental considerations into account. Provide a market-based incentive to manufacturers to achieve environmental goals.

Industrial consortia

Share environmental-management information among member companies and promote the use of effective tools for environmental management.

Partnerships between industry and other organizations

Help establish mutual environmental objectives and develop and implement consensus action plans.

Federal programs

Provide companies with technical support and information. Encourage flexible and cost-effective approaches to implementation of environmental activities.

tions through ways that are most cost-effective for them. Moreover, EPA provides assistance by conducting regional pollution-



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