Glossary

additive effect:

When the combined effect of a combination of agents is equal to the sum of the effects of each of the agents given alone.

antagonistic effect:

When the combined effect of a combination of agents is less than that predicted on the basis of simple addition of the effects of the doses or responses of those agents.

ARD:

acute respiratory disease.

BIRLS:

Beneficiary Identification and Records Locator Subsystem, an automated database containing information (including vital status) on all veteran beneficiaries of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.

CDC:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

CWI:

cold weather injury

DEET:

N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide

DoD:

U.S. Department of Defense.

EPA:

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

FDA:

Food and Drug Administration.

GIS:

geographical identification system.

HIV:

human immunodeficiency virus.



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OCR for page 79
Interactions of Drugs, Biologics, and Chemicals in U.S. Military Forces Glossary additive effect: When the combined effect of a combination of agents is equal to the sum of the effects of each of the agents given alone. antagonistic effect: When the combined effect of a combination of agents is less than that predicted on the basis of simple addition of the effects of the doses or responses of those agents. ARD: acute respiratory disease. BIRLS: Beneficiary Identification and Records Locator Subsystem, an automated database containing information (including vital status) on all veteran beneficiaries of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CWI: cold weather injury DEET: N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide DoD: U.S. Department of Defense. EPA: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. FDA: Food and Drug Administration. GIS: geographical identification system. HIV: human immunodeficiency virus.

OCR for page 79
Interactions of Drugs, Biologics, and Chemicals in U.S. Military Forces ICD: International Classification of Diseases, now in its ninth revision, is a scheme for coding medical conditions. IND: investigational new drug. interaction: When the presence of one agent affects an exposed individual's reactivity to other agents. IPDS: Individual Patient Data System, an automated system of the U.S. Army containing records for each inpatient discharge. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: a publication of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention containing, among other things, national data on reportable diseases. Medical treatment facility: a place where health care is delivered. MedWatch: FDA medical products reporting system. MOS: military occupational specialty. PB: pyridostigmine bromide. PBPD: physiologically based pharmacodynamic. RDSS: Reportable Disease Surveillance System. SSN: Social Security number. synergistic effect: When the combined effects of a combination of agents are greater than would be anticipated from the simple addition of the effects of the doses or responses of those agents. USAHDS: U.S. Army HIV Data System, which acquires and maintains the data for the Army's HIV testing program. USAMRIID: U.S. Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases. USAMRMC: U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command. USPDP: Uniformed Services Prescription Database Project, an Army database containing nationwide information on prescribed drugs. VA: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. VAERS: Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System, operated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration.