U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 1988 The Health Consequences of Smoking: Nicotine Addiction. A Report of the Surgeon General. Department of Health and Human Services publication No. CDC 88-8406.

1989 Reducing the Health Consequences of Smoking: 25 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services publication CDC 89-8411. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health.

1991 Strategies to Control Tobacco Use in the United States: A Blueprint for Public Health Action in the 1990's. Smoking and Tobacco Control Monographs 1. NIH publication 92-3316. Bethesda, MD., Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute.

1992 The National Health Interview Survey Design, 1973-84, and Procedures, 1975-1983. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services publication PHS 85-1320. Hyattsville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Health Statistics.

1994a Preventing Tobacco Use Among Young People: A Report of the Surgeon General. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services publication S/N 017-001-00491-0. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health.

1994b Tobacco and the Clinician: Interventions for Medical and Dental Practice. Smoking and Tobacco Control Monographs 5. Bethesda, MD: NIH publication 94-3693. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 1992 Respiratory Health Effects of Passive Smoking: Lung Cancer and Other Disorders. EPA publication EPA/600/6-90/006F. Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Office of Health and Environmental Assessment.

Whelan, E. 1984 A Smoking Gun: How the Tobacco Industry Gets Away with Murder. Philadelphia, PA: George F. Stickley Company.

Whiteside, T. 1971 Selling Death: Advertising and Public Health. New York: Liveright.

Woodruff, T.J., B. Rosbrook, J.P. Pierce, and S.A. Glantz 1993 Lower levels of consumption found in smoke-free workplaces in California. Archives of Internal Medicine 153:1485-1493.


Zaridze, D.G., V.V. Dvoirin, V.A. Kobljakov, and V.P. Pisklov 1986 Smoking patterns in the USSR. In D.G. Zaridze, and R. Peto, eds., Tobacco: A Major International Health Hazard. IARC publication 74. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer.

Zhu, S-H., G.T. Tedeschi, C.M. Anderson, and J.P. Pierce 1996 Telephone counseling for smoking cessation: What's in a call? Journal of Consulting and Development (submitted for publication).

Notes

1.  

In the United States among younger adults, the trend has been for an elimination of the gender difference in smoking, and adolescent smoking levels appear to have leveled off after a period of decline in the 1980s. The most recent national survey, in 1993, indicated that smoking



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement