Moslem NIS countries, 136-143, 145

political/economic changes and, 67, 254

quality of data, 18, 35, 36-39, 126, 162, 191-192

by region, 13, 19, 70, 80-81, 86, 87, 88-96, 100, 101-102, 199, 203 , 205

respiratory diseases, 49, 52-53, 80, 81-91, 102, 167, 255, 259

rural-urban variation, 15, 69, 76-96, 101, 102, 142-143

sex differentials, 13, 15, 38, 50-54, 76-81, 88, 89-101, 102, 103, 132, 168-173, 203-205, 246

shape of curve, 75-76, 88-91, 101, 102

smoking-related, 207, 267, 268, 270

standard for comparison, 131-132

trends, 131

violence-related deaths, 79, 98

AIDS, 55, 192

Air pollution, 4, 271

Alcohol abuse. See Alcohol consumption and abuse

Alcohol abuse prevention/control

cost-effectiveness, 23

law enforcement measures, 223-224, 229, 230

mass media messages, 24

perceptions and beliefs about, 221

registration of alcoholics, 228

regulations, 24, 241, 261

taxes and revenues, 24, 220-221, 229, 236, 241-242, 244, 261

treatment, 24, 221, 229, 244

U.S. policy instruments, 23-25

Alcohol consumption and abuse

and accidents, 22, 23, 157, 202, 203, 226, 230, 257

anti-alcohol campaign and, 22, 222, 224-225, 228-232, 240, 241-245, 257

availability of data, 236

benefits of moderate, 22-23

and cardiovascular disease, 22, 23, 227

chronic alcoholics/alcoholism, 229, 231, 256

collection and analysis of data, 220, 222-223

drinking patterns, 22, 23, 27, 226, 241, 242

economic crisis and, 244-245

energy intake from, 318, 320, 331

estimation of, 257-258

ethnic differentials, 142, 225, 236

expenditures on, 320-321

and hypertension, 23

impacts of, 227-232

and injury rates, 22, 23

international comparisons. 22, 99

lethal levels, 237-238

and life expectancy at birth, 239, 240, 261

per capita, 22, 222-227, 229, 236, 242, 243-244, 249

perceptions and beliefs about, 221

productivity losses, 22, 23

quality of data, 22, 62, 220, 222-227, 228, 242-243

rural-urban differentials, 224

in Russia, 22, 222-227, 233, 241-245

samogon, 22, 221, 223-225, 226, 230, 232, 236, 238, 242, 243, 244, 257, 261, 320, 321

sex differentials, 22, 225, 237, 320, 321

sober movement, 241

state-produced beverages, 223, 224, 229, 243-244

surrogates and substitutes, 224, 232, 236

temporal trends, 56, 223, 224, 226, 239-243, 253

and violence, 22, 59-60, 62, 226, 228

vodka and other hard liquor, 22, 200, 207, 223, 226, 242, 244. 320

wine and beer, 223, 244, 320

Alcohol-related deaths

age patterns of, 240, 245-254, 259, 260

anti-alcohol campaign and, 207, 245-247

cancer, 22, 248, 250, 259

cardiovascular diseases, 22-23, 59, 231, 240, 245, 249, 250, 251, 254, 259, 260

by causes of death, 240, 248-251, 259

chronic alcoholism, 227, 228

cirrhosis, 22, 56, 59, 200, 207, 227, 228, 231

coding problems, 59, 207

digestive diseases. 59, 249, 250, 259

estimation of, 258-260

ethnic differentials, 225, 232

falls, 207

homicides, 59-60, 207

hypertension, 22

infant mortality, 247

infectious/parasitic diseases, 259

injury, 22, 23, 58-62, 240, 245, 249, 250, 251, 254, 259, 260

intestinal cancer, 22

levels of mortality, 157, 166

motor vehicle accidents, 59-60, 207

neuropsychiatric. 200, 201, 207, 227, 228, 231

poisoning, 12, 22, 58-62, 168-173, 200, 207, 226, 227-228, 231, 232-234, 237-238, 256-257

quality of data, 231, 232

by region, 234



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