dard of the West model life table. In an international context, the rural and urban cluster profiles of male mortality appear as slight modifications of the same Russian profile. That which was considered an attribute of a rural type of mortality on the Russian scale now appears as an attribute of any male life table of Russia on the international scale. Both urban and rural male patterns (represented by clusters 1, and 3 and 6, respectively) show elevated mortality in the middle adult years; they differ in the length, the age location, and the sharpness of the hump of injuries and violent mortality.
The West model life table does not appear to fit the Russian experience. Rather, the distinguishing features of the latter of relatively low infant and child mortality and relatively high middle adult mortality are evident in the figure. Further investigation of the similarity of this pattern to other models reveals (figures not shown) that Russian mortality patterns do not resemble any regional family of the model life tables of Coale and Demeny, the U.N. tables, or other regional life tables, including standard life tables for developing regions (Heligman et al., 1993). The U.N. model Far East is the closest to the six Russian cluster profiles, but even it is not a very good match.
Examination of male life tables from Finland (1966-1970), Hungary (1983), France (1954-1958), and the nonwhite population of the United States (1977) reveals a greater similarity of the Russian profile to these populations than to any