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APPENDIX A Biographical Sketches Of Committee Members THOMAS M. LESCHINE, Chair, is associate professor in the School of Marine Affairs at the University of Washington, Seattle. He is a former Fellow in Marine Policy and a Policy Associate at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts. He is the Chair of the National Research CounciT's Committee on Remediation of Buried and Tank Wastes and also serves on the National Research Council Committee, on Risk Assessment and Management of Marine Systems. His major research interest is in the area of environmental decision making as it relates to marine environmental protection and the use of scientific and technical information in environmental decision making. He is particularly interested in the use of mathematical modeling and systems analysis In environmental management. Dr. Leschine received his Ph.D. In mathematics from the University of Pittsburgh. DEN]iSE BlERLEY is a project director for Roy F. Weston, Tnc. in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Her specialties are broad environmental issues and program management. Prior to joining Weston, she dealt with various environmental, regulatory, and water resource issues for federal and state agencies. Ms. BierIey holds B.S. degrees in biology and geology Tom Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio. ROBERT J. BUDNITZ has been President of Future Resources Associates, Inc. in Berkeley, California, since 1981. Before that, he was at the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (1978- 1980) and was a member of the technical staff and held several management positions at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory of the University of California (1967-19781. He received his B.A. degree from Yale University and his Ph.D. in physics from Harvard University. His professional interests are in environmental impacts, hazards, and safety analysis, particularly of the nuclear fuel cycle. He has served on numerous investigative and advisory panels of scientific societies, government agencies, and the National Research Council. THOMAS A. BURKE is associate professor of health policy and management at The Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Epidemiology In Baltimore, Maryland. His work includes the evaluation of population exposure to the environmental pollutants, assessment of environmental nsks, and the application of the epidemiology and health risk assessment to public policy. Prior to his appointment at Johns Hopkins, he was deputy commissioner of health for the State of New Jersey. He is a member of the Council of the Society of Risk Analysis and has served on Office of Technology Assessment advisory panels on Risk Assessment of Chemical Carcinogens and Managing Nuclear Matenals from Warheads. He received a B.S. from Saint A-]

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A-2 BARRIER TECHNOLOGIES FOR ENVIRONMENTALMANAGEMENT Peter's College, an M.P.H. from the University of Texas, and a Ph.D. In epidemiology from the University of Pennsylvania. ROBERT J. CATION is a licensed medical physicist and certified health physicist. He retired in 1995 as executive director, clinical and laboratory safety, at the University of Texas Health Sciences Center, Houston, where he also served as executive director of the Positron Diagnostic and Research Center Ad taught radiological science at the School of Public Health. Previously, he served as scientific adviser for the Electric Power Research Institute and had careers In federal service and industry. Mr. Catlin is a member of Sigma Xi, the American Academy of Health Physics, and other professional societies. He has participated as a consultant to the former Soviet Union and to the U.S. Department of Energy on radiological matters for incidents at Chernobyl and at Chelyab~nsk. He has served on numerous industry and government advisory committees, including those of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements and the National Research Council's Board on Radioactive Waste Management. Mi. Catkin received his A.B. degree in biology from Princeton University and an M.S. equivalent in health physics at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. GREGORY R CHOPP]N is the R.O. Lawton Distinguished Professor of Chemistry at Florida State University, Tallahassee. Dr. Choppin's research includes nuclear chemistry, physical chemistry of actinides and lanthanides, environmental behavior of actinides, chemistry of the f- Elements, separation science of the f-Elements, and concentrated electrolyte solutions. During a postdoctoral period at the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, he participated in the discovery of mendelevium, element 101. His research activities have been recognized by the American Chemical Society's Award in Nuclear Chemistry and Southern Chemist Award, the Manufacturing Chemists award in Chemical Education, and a Presidential Citation Award of the American Nuclear Society. He has served on numerous National Research Council committees and currently, is a member of the Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology. He received his B.S. in chemistry from Loyola University, New OrIeans; his Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of Texas, Austin; an honorary degree from Chahners University, Goteborg, Sweden; and an honorary D.Sc. from Loyola University. JAMES H. CLARKE is Chairman, President, and CEO of ECKENFELDER INC., Nashville, Tennessee, an environmental science and engineering film specializing in industrial waste management. He has over 25 years of experience in environmental chemistry and chemical risk assessment. His primary areas of interest include the fate and transport of chemicals in the environment, the design of environmental data acquisition programs for evaluation of the risks associated with chemical releases, and innovative and emerging technologies for hazardous waste site remediation. He is an Adjunct Professor with the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering of Vanderbilt University and serves on the faculty of several continuing education programs, including those of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, the Center for Professional Advancement, and several universities. Dr. Clarke received a B.A. in chemistry from Rockford College, Rockford, TIlinois, and a Ph.D. in theoretical physical chemistry from The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.

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APPENDIXA BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS A-3 THOMAS A. COTTON is vice president of OK Research Associates, Tnc., Arlington, Virginia, where he is a principal in activities related to radioactive-waste-management policy and strategic planning. Before joining OK Research Associates, he dealt with energy policy and radioactive- waste-management issues as an analyst and project director during nearly 11 years with the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment. His expertise is in public policy analysis, nuclear waste management, and strategic planning. He received a B.S. in electrical engineering from Stanford University, an M.S. in philosophy, politics, and economics from Oxford University, and a Ph.D. In engineering-economic systems Dom Stanford University. ALLEN G. CROFF is associate director of the Chemical Technology Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). His areas of focus include initiation and technical management of research and development involving waste management, nuclear fuel cycles, transportation, conservation, and renewable energy. Since joining ORNE in 1974, he has been involved in numerous technical studies that have focused on waste management and nuclear fuel cycles, including supervising and participating in the updating, maintenance, and Implementation of the ORIGEN-2 computer code; developing a r~sk-based, generally applicable radioactive waste classification system, multidisciplinary assessment of act~nide partitioning and transmutation; and leading and participating in multidisciplinary national and international technical committees. He has a B.S. in chemical engineering Tom Michigan State University, a degree in nuclear engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and an M.B.A. from the University of Tennessee. RODNEY C. EWING is a Regents Professor in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, where he has been a member of the faculty for 23 years. His professional interests are in mineralogy and materials science. He has conducted research in Sweden, Germany, Australia, and Japan, as well as the United States. Dr. Ewing is a fellow of the Geological Society of America and the Mineralogical Society of Amenca. Presently, he is the vice-president and president-elect of the Situational Union of Materials Research Societies. He has served on several National Research Council committees. Dr. Ewing received M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in geology from Stanford University. DONALD R GIBSON, JR, is Department Manager of the Systems Analysis Department and Acting Lab Manager at TRW's Ballistic Missiles Division in its survivability and engineering laboratory. Prior to these positions, he was a design physicist and senior project engineer. Dr. Gibson holds M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in nuclear engineering from the University of Ill~nois. JAMES H. JOHNSON, JR., is professor of civil engineering and Dean of the School of Engineering at Howard University in Washington, D.C. Dr. Johnson's research interests have focused mainly on the reuse of wastewater treatment sludges and the treatment of hazardous substances. His recent research has included the refinement of composing technology for the treatment of contaminated soils, chemical oxidation and cometabolic transformation of explosive contaminated wastes, biodegradation of fuel-contam~nated groundwater, the evaluation of environmental policy issues in relation to minorities, and development of environmental curricula. Currently, he serves as Assistant Director of the Great Lakes and Mid-Atlantic Hazardous

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A-4 BARRIER TECHNOLOGIES FOR ENVIRONMENTALMANAGEMENT Substance Research Center, member of the Environmental Engineering Committee of the U.S. EPA's Science and Advisory Board, and the National Research CounciT's Board on Radioactive Waste Management. Dr. Johnson received his B.S. from Howard University, M.S. from University of Illinois, and Ph.D. from the University of Delaware. He is a registered professional engineer and a diplomate of the American Academy of Environmental Engineers. W. HUGH O'RIORDAN is an attorney with Givens, Pursley, & Huntley in Boise, Idaho. He received a B.A. and I.D. from the University of Arizona, Tucson, and an L.L.M. from George Washington University, Washington, D.C., in environmental law. Since entering private practice in 1980, he has specialized in environmental, natural resources, energy and administrative law on state and federal levels. He has represented corporate and individual clients in matters involving environmental statutes. GI~ENN PAULSON is president, Paulson and Cooper, Inc., an environmental and energy consulting company in Jackson Hole, Wyoming. Formerly, he was a research professor with the Pritzker Department of Environmental Engineering, Illinois Institute of Technology. He received a B.A. in chemistry from Northwestern University, and a Ph.D. in environmental sciences and ecology from the Rockefeller University, New York. Dr. Paulson served as a member of the National Research Council's Board on Radioactive Waste Management from 1989 to 1996 and has served on several other National Research Council committees dealing with hazardous and radioactive waste. BENJAMIN ROSS is president of Disposal Safety Incorporated (DSI), a firm in Washington, D.C., specializing in analysis of contamination by hazardous radioactive and chemical waste. Dr. Ross was a senior research scientist at GeoTrans, Inc., and a risk analyst with the Analytic Sciences Corporation prior to working at DSI. Dr. Ross received his A.B. in physics from Harvard University and his Ph.D. in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a certified ground-water professional with the Association of Ground Water Scientists and Engineers. PAUL A. WITHERSPOON is professor emeritus of Geological Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley, where he was a member of the Department of Materials Science and Mineral Engineering from 1957 to 1989. During the same period, he was associate director and head, Earth Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (1977-19821. He has been president of Witherspoon, Inc., in Berkeley, California, since 1988. He received his B.S. from the University of Pittsburgh and Ph.D. from the University of Illinois. His professional interests include the flow of fluids in fractured and porous rocks, underground storage of natural gas, and underground disposal of liquids and radioactive waste. He is a fellow of the American Geophysical Union, American Association for the Advancement of Science, and Geological Society of America. He is also a member of the National Academy of Engineering.

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APPENDIXA BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS A-5 RAYMOND G. WYM]ER is currently an independent consultant based in Oak Ridge' Tennessee, and is retired director of the Chemical Technology Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, where he worked for over 37 years. His professional interests embrace all aspects of the nuclear fuel cycle. Prior to his work at Oak Ridge, he served as associate professor at the Georgia Institute of Technology and as chief nuclear chemist for Industrial Reactor Labs. Dr. Wymer is currently active on several National Research Council committees Including the Committee on Environmental Management Technology and its Subcommittee on Tanks and the Committee on Electrometallurgical Technology. He is a fellow of the American Nuclear Society and a member of Sigma Xi and the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. He received his Ph.D. from Vanderbilt University.

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