William H. Heiser has extensive industrial engineering and management experience with Pratt & Whitney Aircraft, General Electric, and Aerojet General. In the 1970s, he was chief scientist at the Air Force Aeropropulsion Laboratory and the Arnold Engineering Development Center. Dr. Heiser has been professor of aeronautics at the U.S. Air Force Academy since 1989, a member of the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board since 1992, and chairman of the U.S. Air Force Pratt & Whitney F-119 Executive Independent Review Team since 1993. He has a B.S. degree in mechanical engineering from the Cooper Union, an M.S. degree in mechanical engineering from the California Institute of Technology, and a Ph.D. degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is also a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

Grace M. Robertson is vice president-general manager, Developmental Programs for the Douglas Aircraft Company. Prior to joining this company in 1994, Ms. Robertson spent 17 years at Boeing, moving up in management after beginning as an avionics design engineer. She received a B.S. degree in electrical engineering from the University of Wyoming and an M.S. degree in management from Stanford University, where she was selected as a Sloan fellow.

Jeffrey K. Schweitzer is manager, Conceptual Design & Systems Engineering, United Technologies/Pratt & Whitney. In this position he is responsible for the conceptual design definition of advanced gas turbine and rocket propulsion systems and the long-range technology planning required to support future product and business strategies. Mr. Schweitzer began his career with Pratt & Whitney as an experimental engineer in 1972. He has a B.S. degree in aerospace engineering from Pennsylvania State University.

Thomas B. Sheridan is a professor of aeronautics and astronautics and a professor of engineering and applied psychology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a former president of the Human Factors Society and a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Dr. Sheridan is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and is currently serving on the National Research Council Panel on Human Factors in Air Traffic Control Automation.

Robert E. Spitzer is currently vice president for engineering of the Boeing Commercial Airplane Group. In this position he leads company efforts to gain enabling technologies and maintain technical excellence and is responsible for a broad range of research and development-related activities. Mr. Spitzer has been an employee of Boeing since 1965 and has worked in a number of military and commercial research and development programs. He has engineering degrees from the University of Illinois and the California Institute of Technology.

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