- opportunities to consult outside of academe.
For State Government Research Centers
State and local governments acknowledge the success of industry-university collaborations when they contribute to:
- the generation of jobs;
- the formation of spin-off companies;
- an increased tax base; and
- overall economic development.
For All Participants
Certain indicators of success are common to all parties to collaborative research relationships. For industry, university, and government participants alike, successful partnerships deliver value for each partner that is greater than any participant would enjoy alone. Among the many approaches to demonstrating this outcome, discussions during breakout sessions identified the following:
- project milestones are achieved;
- frequent communication between partners occurs;
- the number of quality publications and student theses resulting from collaborative research is comparable to other productive research areas;
- the number and quality of ideas resulting in follow-up activity shows a mutually stimulating influence among the partners;
- intellectual property (e.g., number of patents or copyrights applied for or granted) is generated;
- the number and quality of graduate students or post-doctoral fellows hired by industrial partners are increased;
- continuity of the relationship extends beyond the initial projects; and
- the fiscal status of the partnering company improves.
Criteria or Predictors of Success
Participants identified a host of prerequisites or criteria they believe predict success in research partnerships. These factors have been grouped into three general categories: (1) ''attitudinal'' issues, or specific aspects of the cultures and objectives of partner organizations; (2) "systems" factors, or aspects of organizational process and infrastructure; and (3) management issues.
Cultural and Attitudinal Factors
Certain attitudes and expectations presage successful partnerships. These include:
- a clear understanding at the outset of partners' roles and the rules of engagement;
- mutual perception of value in each partner's contribution to the relationship;