teacher preparation, and to work on translating the teaching and professional development standards into practice. Break-out groups followed each presentation to encourage in-depth discussion from diverse perspectives. Each day also included time for state teams to meet, exchange experiences from the break-out groups, discuss issues, and incorporate this information into their state action plans. Following the symposium, team leaders reviewed the action plans with their respective departments of education.

The synopsis that follows is intended to encourage reflection by participants and their colleagues at the state level on the issues identified, reactions to those issues from a variety of perspectives, and strategies for addressing those issues as outlined by others. This report also will serve as a self-monitoring tool for states. Which actions were successful? Which actions needed to be reconsidered or revised? Will some of the actions require more time, money, or personnel? Reviewing the action plans from all state teams can also serve as a tool for others who have yet to begin addressing the need to examine and reform policy and practice in teacher education and certification.

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