published numerous articles in the Journal for the American Health Information Management Association, Topics in Health Information Management, and Computers in Healthcare.

Mary L. Fennell received a Ph.D. in sociology from Stanford University, specializing in the application of organization theory to health care organizations. She has held academic positions at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the Pennsylvania State University. She is currently professor of sociology and community health at Brown University, where she is also affiliated with the Center on Gerontology and Health Care Research. Dr. Fennell teaches courses on health policy, health professions and organizations, organizational theory, and research methods in organizations.

Dr. Fennell is best known for her work on Diffusion of Medical Innovation (with Richard Warnecke, published by Plenum in 1988) and for a series of articles on multihospital system structure and governance (with Jeffrey Alexander), which have appeared in the Administrative Science Quarterly, the Journal of Health and Social Behavior, the Academy of Management Journal, and Medical Care Review. She has recently published papers on organizational change in the U.S. health care sector and on the changing organizational context of professional work (in the Annual Review of Sociology and the Journal of Health and Social Behavior). She is currently working on a manuscript (with Kevin Leicht) that will examine recent changes in managerial work and professional practice across the fields of medicine, law, science, and engineering.

Dr. Fennell has led or collaborated on more than a dozen externally funded research projects in the areas of organizational change in health care, innovation diffusion, professional careers, and interorganizational linkage and alliance formation among health care organizations. She is currently studying the development of linkages between acute care and long-term care providers in rural areas and the dissemination of clinical practice innovation in changing health care organizations.

Dr. Fennell served as the editor of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior from 1990 through 1993 and has served on advisory or review committees for the Agency for Health Care Policy Research and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. She is active in the American Sociological Association, the Association for Health Services Research, the Academy of Management, and the Gerontological Society of America.

Kathleen A. Frawley is vice-president of legislative and public policy services for the American Health Information Management Association. In this position, she provides advocacy at the federal level and testifies before Congress and federal agencies on issues affecting health information management professionals. She previously worked at the Jamaica



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