National Conference on AI, and has been a founder of and consultant for numerous companies that apply AI to problems of commercial interest. He is a fellow of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence and of the American College of Medical Informatics.

Robbie G. Trussell is the senior project manager of pharmacy systems for the Presbyterian Healthcare System based in Dallas, Texas. She received a B.S. (pharmacy, 1972) from the University of Mississippi. She serves as a clinical faculty practitioner for the University of Texas School of Pharmacy. Her areas of expertise include clinical information systems, clinical decision support, systems integration, systems implementation, and pharmacy automation. She is considered one of the pharmacy industry's experts in automation. Ms. Trussell is a fellow of the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society and currently serves on the board of directors for the organization. She is also a fellow of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. She has presented numerous papers relating to automation in pharmacy.

Elizabeth Ward has worked for 23 years in health care, specializing in community health and community mental health services. For half of that time she has been involved in the development of health information systems ranging from automated medical records to large data systems to be used for surveillance and other research activities. Ms. Ward graduated from the University of Washington in 1968 with an M.S. in nursing. Prior to working in Washington, she was Director of Public Health in Alaska. She is currently Assistant Secretary of Epidemiology, Health Statistics, and Public Health Laboratories for the Washington State Department of Health. Ms. Ward has recently been appointed to the National Committee for Vital and Health Statistics.

Paul M. Schwartz (special advisor) is a professor of law at the University of Arkansas School of Law. He is a leading international expert in the field of informational privacy who has published and lectured on issues concerning computers and privacy in the United States and Europe. In this country, his articles and essays have appeared in periodicals such as the Columbia Law Review, Vanderbilt Law Review, Hastings Law Journal, Iowa Law Review American Journal of Comparative Law, and the Partisan Review. Professor Schwartz has provided advice and testimony to numerous governmental bodies in the United States and Europe. In 1994 he testified regarding the protection of privacy in health care reform before a subcommittee of the U.S. House of Representatives. He has acted as a consultant to a study of transborder data flows sponsored by the Canadian Ministry of Justice and as one of the investigators preparing a formal



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