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Biographical Memoirs NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

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NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Biographical Memoirs VOLUME XLVI NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES WA S H I N G T O N , D . C . ~ 9 7 5

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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER 0-309-02240- 1 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARD NUMBER 75-839 Available from PRINTING AND PUBLISHING OFFICE, NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES 2101 CONSTITUTION AVENUE, N.W., WASHINGTON, D.C. 20418 PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

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CONTENTS PREFACE HANS THACHER CLARKE BY HUBERT BRADFORD VICKERY PETER JOSEPH WILHELM DEBYE BY J. W. WILLIAMS CLARENCE HENRY GRAHAM BY LORRIN A. RIGGS WILLIAM KIN G GREGORY BY EDWIN H. COLBERT DONALD FORSHA JONES BY PAUL C. MANGELSDORF REMINGTON KELLOGG BY FRANK C. WHITMORE, JR. MERVIN JOE KELLY BY JOHN R. PIERCE V V11 3 23 7 91 35 59 91

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V1 C O N T E N T S CHARLES CHRISTIAN LAURITSEN BY WILLIAM A. FOWLER CLARENCE COOK LITTLE BY GEORGE D. SNELL CYRIL NORMAN' HUGH LONG BY O. L. K. SMITH AND J. D. HARDY WALTER CURRAN MENDENHALL BY THOMAS B. NOLAN ARTHUR MICHAEL BY LOUIS F. FIESER RICHARD JOEL RUSSELL BY CHARLES A. ANDERSON HEN RY CLAPP SHERMAN BY CHARLES GLEN KING ADDENDA AND CORRIGENDA 221 241 265 311 331 369 397 431

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PREFACE The Biographical Memoirs is a series of volumes containing the biographies of deceased members of the National Academy of Sciences and bibliographies of their published scientific works. Each biographical essay has been written by a fellow member of the Academy familiar with the professional career of the deceased, with only occasional exceptions. These vol- umes, therefore, provide a record of the lives and work of some of the most distinguished leaders of American science as wit- nessed and interpreted by their colleagues and peers. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, honorary organization of scientists and engineers elected on the basis of outstanding contributions to knowledge. Established by a Con- gressional Act of Incorporation on March 3, 1863, and sup- ported by private and public funds, the Academy works to further science and its use for the general welfare by bringing together the most qualified individuals to deal with scientific and technological problems of broad significance. . . V11

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