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Biographical ~hlemoirs NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

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NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIEN CES OF Ant LIMITED STATES OF AMERICA Pf~r~Dfc~1 #molar PLUME HI NATIONAL ACAOE~Y OF SCIEN CES WASHINGTON, D.C. 1975

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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER 0-309-02245-2 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARD NUMBER 5-26629 Available from PRINTING AND PUBLISHING OFFICE, NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES 2101 CONSTITUTION AVENUE, N.W., WASHINGTON, D.C. 20418 PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

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CONTENTS PREFACE PAUL RUFUS BURKlIOLDER BY JAMES G. HORSFALL ARTHUR LOUIS DAY BY PHILIP H. ABELSON WILLIAM DRAPER HARKINS BY ROBERT S. MULLIKEN VLADIMIR NIKOLAEVICH IPATIEFF BY LEWIS SCHMERLING HERBERT SPENCER JENNINGS BY T. M. SONNEBORN ALFRED HARRISON JOY BY O. C. WILSON EDWARD C. KENDALL BY DWIGHT INGLE . V11 3 27 49 83 143 225 249

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V1 EUGENE LINDSAY OPIE BY ESMOND R. LONG CONTENTS JOHN RODMAN PAUL BY DOROTHY M. HORSTMANN AND PAUL B. BEESON WILLIAM THOMAS PECORA BY CHARLES A. ANDERSON JACK SCHULTZ BY THOMAS F. ANDERSON STANLEY SMITH STEVENS BY GEORGE A. MILLER JOHN TORRENCE TATE BY ALFRED O. C. NIER AND JOHN H. VAN VLECK MELVILLE LAWRENCE WOLFROM BY DEREK HORTON AND W. Z. [IASSID 293 323 371 393 425 461 487

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PREFACE The Biographical Memoirs is a series of volumes containing the biographies of deceased members of the National Academy of Sciences and bibliographies of their published scientific works. Each biographical essay has been written by a fellow member of the Academy familiar with the professional career of the deceased, with only occasional exceptions. These vol- umes, therefore, provide a record of the lives and work of some of the most distinguished leaders of American science as wit- nessed and interpreted by their colleagues and peers. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, honorary organization of scientists and engineers elected on the basis of outstanding contributions to knowledge. Established by a Con- gressional Act of Incorporation on March 3, 1863, and sup- ported by private and public funds, the Academy works to further science and its use for the general welfare by bringing together the most qualified individuals to deal with scientific and technological problems of broad significance. . . V11

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