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Biographical Memoirs NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

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RATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE ONITED SCARES OF A~EkICA ~f~r~Dfc~f #molar VOLUME XLVIII NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ~ASHI~GIO~, D.~. 1976

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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER 0-309-02349-1 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARD NUMBER 5-26629 Available from PRINTING AND PUBLISHING OFFICE, NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES 2101 CONSTITUTION AVENUE, N.W., WASHINGTON, D.C. 20418 PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

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CONTENTS PREFACE FULLER ALBRICHT BY A. LEAF GEORO VON PiK[SY BY FLOYD RA1LIFF HENRY BRYANT BICELO~ BY ALFRED C. REDFIE[D ELIOT BLACKWELDEk BY CONRAD B. KRAOSKOPF HARRY ALFRED BOkTH~ICk BY STERLING B. HENDRICKS EDWARD UHLEk CORDON BY PHILIP Ha. MORSE WILLIAM [kEDEkICK TULANE BY FREDERICK FALCONS TERRAIN V . . V11 3 25 ~1 83 05 25 1 ~o . -

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V1 CO N TE NTS CARL HENRY ECKART BY WALTER H. MUNK AND RUDOLPH W. PREISENDORFER EVARTS AMBROSE GRAHAM BY LESTER R. DRAGSTEDT SAMUEL KIRKLAND LOTHROP BY GORDON R. WILLEY FRANCIS PEYTON ROUS BY RENATO DULBECCO DONALD DEXTER VAN SLYKE BY A. BAIRD HASTINGS CARL JOHN WIGGERS BY EUGENE M. LANDIS 195 221 253 275 309 363

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PREFACE The Biographical Memoirs is a series of volumes, first pub- lished in 1877, containing the biographies of deceased members of the National Academy of Sciences and bibliographies of their published scientific contributions. The goal of the Academy is to have these memoirs serve as a contribution toward the history of American science. Each biographical essay is written by an individual familiar with the discipline and the scientific career of the deceased. These volumes, therefore, provide a record of the lives and works of some of the most distinguished leaders of American science as witnessed and interpreted by their col- leagues and peers. Though the primary concern is the members' professional lives and contributions, these memoirs should also include those aspects of their lives in their home, school, col- lege, or later life that led them to their scientific career. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, honorary organization of scientists and engineers elected on the basis of outstanding contributions to knowledge. Established by a Con- gressional Act of Incorporation on March 3, 1863, the Academy works to further science and its use for the general welfare by bringing together the most qualified individuals to deal with scientific and technological problems of broad significance. DAVID R. GODDARD . . V11 Home Secretary

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