fessionals, especially his older brother, a judge and president of the New Zealand Court of Appeals, who became Sir Alexander Turner. In 1930 Francis married Esme' Bentham, who together with their daughter Gillian, then Mrs. James McKercher, survived him on his death.

At the age of seventeen Frank, as he was called by family, friends, and close colleagues, matriculated at Auckland University College, winning a university senior scholarship in geology. At Auckland he earned a B.Sc. and an M.Sc. and won the von Haast Prize. His initial research interests were in the field of igneous petrology, resulting in publications coauthored with Professor J. A. Bartrum, his mentor at Auckland University. While finishing his M.Sc., Frank worked with the New Zealand Geological Survey until 1926, when he accepted a position as lecturer in the geology department at the University of Otago in Dunedin, headed by Professor W. N. Benson. It was Professor Benson who encouraged Frank to follow his own intense interest in the complex metamorphic rocks of New Zealand and who had a major influence on Frank's career. Subsequently, Frank spent many field seasons in the almost unexplored western part of the South Island of New Zealand traveling by foot, with pack horses or small boats, while doing reconnaissance mapping and sampling of the little-known metamorphic and ultrabasic rocks. Memories of those trips were the source of a lifetime of anecdotes that captivated his students and colleagues. Frank's love for the New Zealand wilderness stayed with him all his life. Throughout his long career, photographs of the fjord country of New Zealand adorned the walls of his office. His rock collections from the South Island provided the basis for many publications leading to his D.Sc., awarded in 1934 by the University of New Zealand and election to fellowship in the Royal Society of New Zealand in 1938.



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