Biographical Memoirs

National Academy of Sciences




The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page R1
--> Biographical Memoirs National Academy of Sciences

OCR for page R1
This page in the original is blank.

OCR for page R1
--> National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Biographical Memoirs VOLUME 71 NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS WASHINGTON, D.C. 1997

OCR for page R1
--> The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by Act of Congress as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation for the furtherance of science and technology, required to advise the federal government upon request within its fields of competence. Under its corporate charter the Academy established the National Research Council in 1916, the National Academy of Engineering in 1964, and the Institute of Medicine in 1970. INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER 0-309-05738-8 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SERIAL NUMBER 0077-2933 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARD NUMBER 5-26629 Available from NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS 2101 CONSTITUTION AVENUE, N.W. WASHINGTON, D.C. 20418 PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

OCR for page R1
--> CONTENTS     PREFACE   vii     JEROME W. CONN BY WILLIAM H. DAUGHADAY   3     ALLAN V. COX BY KONRAD B. KRAUSKOPF   17     JOHN MICHAEL DALY BY MYRON K. BRAKKE   33     EDWARD SMITH DEEVEY, JR. BY W. T. EDMONDSON   49     BERNARD N. FIELDS BY SONDRA SCHLESINGER   63     RAYMOND MATTHEW FUOSS BY MICHAEL A. COPLAN   79     LESTER ORVILLE KRAMPITZ BY ROBERT HOGG, CHARLES G. MILLER, AND C. WILLARD SHUSTER   97     ERNEST GEORGE MERRITT BY PAUL L. HARTMAN   111

OCR for page R1
-->     ROBERT McC. NETTING BY OLGA F. LINARES   125     ALLEN NEWELL BY HERBERT A. SIMON   141     J. ROBERT OPPENHEIMER BY H. A. BETHE   175     LINUS CARL PAULING BY JACK D. DUNITZ   221     CARL PFAFFMANN BY LORRIN A. RIGGS   263     EDWARD SAPIR BY REGNA DARNELL AND JUDITH T. IRVINE   281     RICHARD LESTER SOLOMON BY ROBERT A. RESCORLA   301     ROGER WOLCOTT SPERRY BY THEODORE J. VONEIDA   315     DEWITT STETTEN, JR. BY J. EDWIN SEEGMILLER   333     JABEZ CURRY STREET BY K. T. BAINBRIDGE, E. M. PURCELL, N. F. RAMSEY, AND K. STRAUCH   347     FRANCIS JOHN TURNER BY IRIS Y. BORG AND LIONEL E. WEISS   357     ERNEST GLEN WEVER BY JACK VERNON   371

OCR for page R1
--> PREFACE On March 3, 1863, Abraham Lincoln signed the Act of Incorporation that brought the National Academy of Sciences into being. In accordance with that original charter, the Academy is a private, honorary organization of scientists, elected for outstanding contributions to knowledge, who can be called upon to advise the federal government. As an institution the Academy's goal is to work toward increasing scientific knowledge and to further the use of that knowledge for the general good. The Biographical Memoirs, begun in 1877, are a series of volumes containing the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased members of the Academy. Colleagues familiar with the discipline and the subject's work prepare the essays. These volumes, then, contain a record of the life and work of our most distinguished leaders in the sciences, as witnessed and interpreted by their colleagues and peers. They form a biographical history of science in America—an important part of our nation's contribution to the intellectual heritage of the world. PETER H. RAVEN Home Secretary

OCR for page R1
This page in the original is blank.