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--> Biographical Memoirs National Academy of Sciences
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--> National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Biographical Memoirs VOLUME 71 NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS WASHINGTON, D.C. 1997
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--> The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by Act of Congress as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation for the furtherance of science and technology, required to advise the federal government upon request within its fields of competence. Under its corporate charter the Academy established the National Research Council in 1916, the National Academy of Engineering in 1964, and the Institute of Medicine in 1970. INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER 0-309-05738-8 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SERIAL NUMBER 0077-2933 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARD NUMBER 5-26629 Available from NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS 2101 CONSTITUTION AVENUE, N.W. WASHINGTON, D.C. 20418 PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
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--> CONTENTS PREFACE vii JEROME W. CONN BY WILLIAM H. DAUGHADAY 3 ALLAN V. COX BY KONRAD B. KRAUSKOPF 17 JOHN MICHAEL DALY BY MYRON K. BRAKKE 33 EDWARD SMITH DEEVEY, JR. BY W. T. EDMONDSON 49 BERNARD N. FIELDS BY SONDRA SCHLESINGER 63 RAYMOND MATTHEW FUOSS BY MICHAEL A. COPLAN 79 LESTER ORVILLE KRAMPITZ BY ROBERT HOGG, CHARLES G. MILLER, AND C. WILLARD SHUSTER 97 ERNEST GEORGE MERRITT BY PAUL L. HARTMAN 111
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--> ROBERT McC. NETTING BY OLGA F. LINARES 125 ALLEN NEWELL BY HERBERT A. SIMON 141 J. ROBERT OPPENHEIMER BY H. A. BETHE 175 LINUS CARL PAULING BY JACK D. DUNITZ 221 CARL PFAFFMANN BY LORRIN A. RIGGS 263 EDWARD SAPIR BY REGNA DARNELL AND JUDITH T. IRVINE 281 RICHARD LESTER SOLOMON BY ROBERT A. RESCORLA 301 ROGER WOLCOTT SPERRY BY THEODORE J. VONEIDA 315 DEWITT STETTEN, JR. BY J. EDWIN SEEGMILLER 333 JABEZ CURRY STREET BY K. T. BAINBRIDGE, E. M. PURCELL, N. F. RAMSEY, AND K. STRAUCH 347 FRANCIS JOHN TURNER BY IRIS Y. BORG AND LIONEL E. WEISS 357 ERNEST GLEN WEVER BY JACK VERNON 371
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--> PREFACE On March 3, 1863, Abraham Lincoln signed the Act of Incorporation that brought the National Academy of Sciences into being. In accordance with that original charter, the Academy is a private, honorary organization of scientists, elected for outstanding contributions to knowledge, who can be called upon to advise the federal government. As an institution the Academy's goal is to work toward increasing scientific knowledge and to further the use of that knowledge for the general good. The Biographical Memoirs, begun in 1877, are a series of volumes containing the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased members of the Academy. Colleagues familiar with the discipline and the subject's work prepare the essays. These volumes, then, contain a record of the life and work of our most distinguished leaders in the sciences, as witnessed and interpreted by their colleagues and peers. They form a biographical history of science in America—an important part of our nation's contribution to the intellectual heritage of the world. PETER H. RAVEN Home Secretary
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