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Hopler, Robert, 1997. “Today's Commercial Explosives Industry: Trends in Products and Operations.” Washington, D.C.: Dyno Nobel Inc.


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Oxley, J. 1993. “Non-Traditional Explosives: Potential Detection Problems.” Terrorism and Political Violence 5 (number 2): 30–47. See also, Oxley, J. “The Chemistry of Explosives,” “The ABCs of Explosives,” and “Case History of an Ammonium Nitrate Emulsion Accident.”


Yinon, Jehuda and Zitrin, Shmuel. 1993. Modern Methods and Applications in Analysis of Explosives. John Wiley and Sons.

Black Powder and Smokeless Powder.

Raber, L. 1996. “Clinton Drops Demand for Explosives Taggants.” Chemical and Engineering News. August 5, page 7.


Why All Gun Owners Should Fear Taggants: The Truth About Taggants. http://pw2.netcom.com/~wooffer/taggants.html

Taggants (General)

Chen, T. 1995. “History of Military Explosives Tagging Efforts-ICAO Tagging of Plastic Explosives,” p. 41 in Explosives Symposium, September 18–22, 1995, Fairfax, Va.: Department of the Treasury, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms.

Crawford, M. 1996. “Anti-Terrorism Tools Get Fast PTO Action.” New Technology Week. August 12, page 10.


Department of the Treasury. 1995. Preliminary Proceedings of the International Explosives Symposium. Fairfax, Va.: Government Printing Office.


Office of Technology Assessment (OTA). 1980. Taggants in Explosives. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.



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