TABLE 6.1 Profile of New Jersey and California Native and ImmigrantHeaded Households

 

New Jersey Households

Characteristic

Native

ForeignBorn

Europe/ Canada

Asia

Latin America

Other

Households (share of all households)

2.503m (.865)

.392m (.135)

.182m (.063)

.077m (.027)

.111m (.038)

.022m (.007)

Household size

2.68

3.10

2.62

3.59

3.51

3.16

Age of head

50.03

50.01

57.74

42.06

43.98

44.06

Children < 18

.63

.81

.52

1.14

1.02

.99

Adults > 65

.36

.35

.56

.15

.19

.19

Income/household

$61,966

$58,372

$56,873

$76,220

$48,858

$56,288

% receiving AFDC

2.57

2.63

1.01

3.04

4.93

2.99

Note: Household income data are inflated to be measured in terms of December 1996 dollars. Other = Africa or Oceania.

Latin American origin, and foreign-born of African or Oceanic origin (''other"). For each household in each nativity group, estimates are made of the taxes and fees paid to and of services received from local or state governments. For those services that are jointly provided by local and state governments—education is the most important example—each level of government is assigned its own share of total service provision.

Services provided by local governments and included in the Garvey and Espenshade study are general government administration, courts (excluding corrections), police and fire protection services, public works, welfare and public health, recreation and conservation, libraries, vocational education, community colleges, and—most important—K-12 education. The costs of each service are defined to include labor costs (including employee benefits, taxes, and pension contributions), expenditures for materials and supply, and capital costs estimated by the interest payments on local debts. Local governments include county governments as well as municipalities and school districts. Services provided by state government and included in the study are general government administration, public safety and criminal justice, health, community development, transportation, environmental management, employment training, education administration and state aid for K-12 education, higher education, the state share of



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