TABLE 6.6 Net Annual Fiscal Impact (NAFI) Imposed by Additional Immigrant-Headed Households on Native Residents: New Jersey (1996 dollars per current New Jersey household)

Immigrant Group

Local NAFI

State NAFI

Federal NAFI

Total NAFI

All immigrants





Contribution by age of household head

< 65










Contribution by region of origin











Latin America










Note: Estimates of the NAFI imposed by New Jersey immigrants through the federal budget are based on Clune's estimates of the average federal fiscal balance by a typical immigrant household living in California in each age group and from each region of origin; see Table 6.4. The per immigrant household estimates were then weighted by the New Jersey immigrant population shares to obtain the federal NAFI estimates reported above.

Other = Africa and Oceania.

Source: Calculations based on Tables 6.2 and 6.4, adjusted for the share of native households in the New Jersey population (= .865) for local and state NAFIs and in the national population (= .0045) for the federal NAFI.

about three-tenths of 1 percent of the state's average household income (.03 = $199/$66,371) and will impose a NAFIN on native California households of -$876 per household (Table 6.7), or about 1.8 percent of the state's average household income (.018 = $876/$48,347).

Tables 6.6 and 6.7 also decompose the net annual fiscal impacts from doubling "all immigrants" into the contributions made by doubling each of various subgroups of immigrant-headed households. For example, doubling all immigrant households doubles the number whose heads are under age 65 and the number whose heads are over age 65. What contributions do these two age groups make to the "all immigrants" totals? In both New Jersey and California, older immigrant households make a positive fiscal contribution at the local government level, paying more in taxes than they use in services (Tables 6.6 and 6.7). These positive contributions partially offset the negative net annual fiscal impact imposed by immigrant-headed households whose heads are younger than 65. At the state level, both age groups contribute to the negative NAFIN imposed on

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