TABLE 8.6 Rate of Sentenced Federal and State Prison Inmates per 1,000 Number of Males, Age 18 to 54 Years, and Ratio of Noncitizen Crime Rate to Citizen Crime Rate, by Current Offense and Citizenship, 1991

Current Offense

Citizen Inmate Rate

Noncitizen Inmate Rate

Ratio of Noncitizens to Citizen Rate

Violent offenses

5.3

2.5

.5

Homicide

1.4

.9

.6

Sexual assault

1.1

.4

.4

Robbery

1.7

.6

.4

Assault

.9

.5

.6

Other

.2

.1

.5

Property offenses

2.9

1.0

.3

Burglary

1.4

.6

.4

Larceny/theft

.6

.2

.3

Fraud

.4

.1

.2

Other

.5

.2

.4

Drug offenses

2.6

5.1

2.0

Possession

.8

2.0

2.5

Trafficking

1.7

3.0

1.8

Other

.1

.1

1.0

Public order offenses

.8

.6

.7

Weapons

.2

.2

1.0

Other

.6

.5

.8

Other

.1

.1

1.0

All offenses

11.6

9.3

.8

Total number of federal and state inmates

712,756

40,634

 

 

Sources: Number of prison inmates is from Harlow (1994:Table 5). Population data for the number of males, age 18 to 54, by citizenship is from tabulations of the microdata from the 1990 census. 1991 population estimates were calculated assuming a population increase of 1.04 percent annual growth rate, the rate of increase for the overall population of males, aged 18 to 54 years between 1990 and 1991.

noncitizens are less than 7 percent of the male population aged 18 to 54 years. For other categories of crime, however, noncitizens have lower rates than citizens. For violent offenses, noncitizens have rates of about one-half those of citizens. For property crimes, noncitizens have rates of about one-third those of citizens. And for public order offenses, noncitizens have rates at about the same rate or slightly lower than those of citizens.



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