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Memorial Tributes NATIONAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING

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NATIONAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Memorial Tributes Volume ~ NATIONAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING Washington, D. C. 1979

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Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data National Academy of Engineering. Memorial tributes. 1. EngineersUnited StatesBiography. I. Title. TA139.N34 1979 620'.0092'2 [B] 79-21053 International Standard Book Number 0-309-02889-2 Available From IF ENGINEERING 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20418 NATIC)NAL ACADEMY C) Printed in the United States of America

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CONTENTS FOREWORD, X1 HARRY JULIAN ALLEN, 3 by Nicholas J. Hoff OTHMAR HERMANN AMMANN, 7 by Thomas C. Kavanagh ROBERT ALEXANDER BOWMAN, 11 by.John R. Kiely ROGER EMILE MARIE BRARD, 15 by Phillip Eisenberg THOMAS HAMILTON CHILTON, 19 by George E. Holbrook EDWARD NICHOLAS COLE, 27 by Elliott M. Estes HUGH LATIMER DRYDEN, 33 by Jerome C. Hunsaker and Robert C. Seamans, fr. GORDON MASKEW FAIR, 45 by Abel Wolman v

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MERRELL ROBERT FENSKE, 51 by Nunzio J. Palladino ANTONIO FERRI, 57 by Adolf Busemann - ALFRED MARTIN FREUDENTHAL, 63 by Harold Liebowitz CLIFFORD COOK FURNAS, 67 by Lawrence R. Haistad ANTOINE MARC GAUDIN, 71 by Reinhardt Schubmann, Jr. WILLIAM FRANCIS GIBBS, 77 by Walter C. Bachman RICHARD PITMAN GIFFORD, 85 by William L. Everitt LILLIAN MOLLER GILBRETH, 89 by James Landis EDWIN RICHARD GILLILAND, 97 by P. L. Thibaut Brian PETER CARL GOLDMARK, 103 by Benjamin B. Bauer HAROLD BENEDICT GOTAAS, 109 by Burgess H. Jennings and Donald S. Berry EORGE ANDREW HAWKINS, 113 by John C. Hancock HENRY TOWNLEY HEALD, 119 by John A. Hrones V1

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HUBERT HEFFNER, 123 by John R. Whinnery ARTHUR THOMAS IPPEN, 127 by Hunter Rouse LYDIK SIEGUMFELDT JACOBSEN, 133 by John A. Blume STEPHEN MOORE JENKS, 139 by James B. Austin THOMAS CHRISTIAN KAVANAGH, 143 by Anton Tedesko JOSEPH HENRY KEENAN, 149 by Ascher H. Shapiro CLARENCE FRANCIS KELLY, 15~, by Roy Bainer RUDOLF KOMPFNER, 159 by John R. Pierce JOHN MONTGOMERY KYLE, JR., 165 by Thomas C. Kavanagh LEON LAPIDUS, 173 by Neal R. Amundson WARREN KENDALL LEWIS, 177 by Hoyt C. Hottel PERCY HAROLD McGAUHEY by Vinton W. Bacon TOHN E. MCKEEN, 191 by Ernst Weber . . V11 ~ 183

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WILLIAM BURDETTE McLEAN, 197 by David S. Potter WILLIAM CYRUS MENTZER, 203 by Robert W. Rummel CLARK BLANCHARD MILLIKAN, 209 by Ernest E. Sechler JULIUS PAUL MOLNAR, 215 by Emanuel R. Piore BEN MOREELL, 219 by Richard H. Tallow III JACK ANDREW MORTON, 223 by Morgan Sparks ERWIN WILHELM MUELLER, 227 by Rustum Roy CARL FREDERICK PRUTTON, 931 by Chalmer G. Kirkbride RICHARD WILLIAM ROBERTS, o39 by At rthur M. Bueche KARL SC HWARTZWALDER, 943 by Lawrence R. Haistad THOMAS KILGORE SHERWOOD, 247 by Hoyt C. Hottel IGOR IVAN SIKORSKY, 253 by Carlos C. Wood SAMUEL SILVER, 267 by John R. Whannery . . . Vl11

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MOTT SOUDERS, JR., 271 by Max S. Peters WILLIAM JOSEPH SPARKS, 275 by Frederic A. L. Holloway PHILIP SPORN, 279 by Theodore J. Nagel WERNHER von BRAWN, 28 by George E. Mueller WALTER GORDON WHITMAN, 291 by Bruce S. Old RICHARD HERMAN WILHELM, 295 by Thomas H. Chilton APPENDIX, 301 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS FOR THE PHOTOGRAPHS, 303 IX

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FOREWORD TH ~ S F ~ R S T V O ~ U M E O F Memorial Tributes issued by the National Academy of Engineering covers the period from the beginning of the NAE in December 1964 through December 1978. It is the first edition of what is expected to be a series of such volumes to be published periodically honoring the deceased members and foreign associates of the Academy. Publication of this first volume of NAE Memorial Tributes contributes to the observance of the fifteenth anniversary of the founding of the NAE; this is considered especially fitting, as many of the distinguished engineers who are honored in this volume were associated with the Academy during its early formative years. It is intended that this and succeeding volumes will stand as an enduring record of the many contributions of engineering to the benefit of mankind. In each case, the authors of the tributes had a personal knowledge of the interests and engineering accomplishments of the deceased members and r . foreign associates. The National Academy of Engineering is a private organization established in 1964 to share in the responsibility given the National Academy of Sciences under its Congressional Charter signed by President Lincoln in 1863 to examine and report on questions of science and engineering at the request of the federal government. Individuals are elected to the National Academy of Engineering on the basis of significant contributions to engineering theory and prac- tice and to the literature of engineering or demonstrated unusual accomplishments in the pioneering of new and developing fields of technology. Harold Liebowitz Home Secretary X1

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