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APPENDIX Members and Foreign Associates D of the National Academy of Sciences, 1863 1963, and Year of Election* M EM BE R S iAbbe, Cleveland, 1879 iAbbot, Charles Greeley,1915 tAbbot, Henry Larcom, 1872 ~Abel, John Jacob,1912 Abelson, Philip Hauge, 1959 tAdams, Comfort Avery,1930 iAdams, Leason H., 1943 iAdams, Roger, 1929 iAdams, Walter Sydney, 1917 tAddis, Thomas, 1944 iAdkins, Homer, 1942 tAgassiz, Alexander, 1866 tAgassiz, Louise Ahlfors, Lars Valerian, 1953 tAitken, Robert Grant, 1918 iAlbert, Abraham Adrian, 1943 tAlbright, Fuller, 1952 tAlbright, William Foxwell, 1955 See numbered footnotes at end of table. f Alexander, James Waddell, 1930 Alexander, John HA iAlexander, Stephens tAllee, Warder Clyde,1951 tAllen, Charles Elmer, 1924 iAllen, Eugene Thomas, 1930 iAllen, Joel Asaph, 1876 Aller, Lawrence Hugh, 1962 iAllison, Samuel King, 1946 Alvarez, Luis Walter, 1947 tames, Joseph Sweetman, 1909 Anderson, Carl David, 1938 Anderson, Charles Alfred, 1957 "Anderson, Edgar, 1954 Anderson, Herbert Lawrence, 1960 fAnderson, John August, 1928 "Anderson, Rudoph John, 1946 Anfinsen, Christian Boehmer, 1963 *Dates of birth and death and references to the Biographical Memoirs of deceased mem- bers appear in the Annual Reports of the Academy. "Deceased 614

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Appendix D / 615 tAngell, James Roland, 1920 iArmsby, Henry Prentiss, 1920 "Armstrong, Charles, 1944 Arnold, William Archibald, 1962 Arnon, Daniel Israel, 1961 Astin, Allen Varley, 1960 Astwood, Edwin Bennett, 1957 Atkinson, George Francis,1918 iAub, Joseph Charles, 1957 iAvery, Oswald Theodore, 1933 iBabcock, Ernest Brown, 1946 ~Babcock, Harold Delos, 1933 Babcock, Horace Welcome, 1954 Bache, Alexander Dallasi Bacher, Robert Fox, 1947 tBachmann, Werner Emmanuel, 1941 "Badger, Richard McLean, 1952 ~Baekeland, Leo Hendrik, 1936 iBailey, Irving Widmer, 1929 ~Bailey, Liberty Hyde,1917 iBailey, Percival, 1953 iBailey, Solon Irving, 1923 iBain, Edgar Collins, 1954 Bainbridge, Kenneth Tompkins, 1946 tBaird, Spencer F., 1864 Baker, William Oliver, 1961 Ball, Eric Glendinning, 1948 Balls, Arnold Kent, 1954 iBancroft, Wilder Dwight, 1920 tBarbour, Thomas, 1933 [Bard, Philip, 1944 Bardeen, John, 1954 "Barker, George F., 1876 Barker, Horace Albert, 1953 iBarnard, Edward Emerson, l 911 iBarnard, F. A. P.i iBarnard, John Grossi f Barrell, Joseph, 1919 Bartlett, Paul Doughty, 1947 iBartlett, W. H. C.i tBartelmez, George William, 1949 iBarus, Carl, 1892 "Deceased iBateman, Harry, 1930 ~Baxter, Gregory Paul, 1916 Beach, Frank Ambrose, 1949 Beadle, George Wells, 1944 tBeams, Jesse Wakefield, 1943 "Becker, George Ferdinand, 1901 ~Beecher, Charles Emerson, 1899 tBell, Alexander Graham, 1883 tBell, Eric Temple, 1927 iBenedict, Francis Gano,1914 Benedict,Manson, 1956 iBenedict, Stanley Rossiter, 1924 iBenioff, Victor Hugo, 1953 Benzer, Seymour, 1961 ~Berkey, Charles Peter, 1927 ~Berkner, Lloyd Viel, 1948 iBerry, Edward Wilber, 1922 Bethe, Hans Albrecht, 1944 tBigelow, Henry Bryant,1931 iBillings, John Shaw, 1883 Birch, Albert Francis, 1950 Birge, Raymond Thayer, 1932 ~ Birkhoff, George David,1918 iBjerknes, Jacob, 1947 iBlackwelder, Eliot, 1936 tBlake, Francis Gilman, 1947 ~Blakeslee, Albert Francis, 1929 tBlalock, Alfred, 1945 Bleakney, Walker, 1959 Blichfeldt, Hans Frederik, 1920 Blinks, Lawrence Rogers, 1955 iBliss, Gilbert Ames,1916 Bloch, Felix, 1948 Bloch, Konrad Emil, 1956 Bloembergen, Nicolaas, 1960 Blomquist, Alfred Theodore, 1960 iBloom, William, 1954 tBoas, Franz, 1900 tBocher, Maxime, 1909 Bochner, Salomon, 1950 Bode, Hendrik Wade, 1957 Bodenstein, Dietrich H. F. A.. 1958 Bodian, David,1958

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616 /appendix D Bodine, Joseph Hall, 1953 Boekelheide, Virgil Carl, 1962 iBogert, Marston Taylor,1916 f Bolton, Elmer K., 1946 ~ Boltwood, Bertram Borden, 1911 tBolza, Oskar,2 1909 iBonner, David Mahlon, 1959 Bonner, James Frederick, 1950 iBonner, Tom Wilkerson, 1959 Booker, Henry George, 1960 Boring, Edwin Garrigues, 1932 iBorthwick, Harry Alfred,1961 iBoss, Lewis, 1889 iBowditch, Henry Pickering, 1887 iBowen, Ira Sprague, 1936 Bowen, Norman Levi, 1935 ~ Bowie, William, 1927 iBowman, Isaiah, 1930 Bradbury, Norris Edwin,1951 Bradley, Wilmot Hyde, 1946 Bramlette, Milton Nunn, 1954 Drainer, John Casper, 1905 Brattain, Walter Houser, 1959 IBrauer, Richard Dagobert, 1955 Braun, Armin Charles, 1960 Bray, William Crowell, 1924 "Breasted, James Henry, 1923 Breit, Gregory, 1939 Brewer, Leo, 1959 ~Brewer, William Henry, 1880 ~ Bridges, Calvin B. lackman, 1937 tBridgman, Percy Williams, 1918 iBriggs,Lyman,Jr., 1942 Briggs, Robert William, 1962 ~Brillouin, Leon, 1953 Brink, Frank, Jr., 1959 Brink, Royal Alexander, 1947 iBritton, Nathaniel Lord,1914 Brode, Robert Bigham, 1949 ~ Brode, Wallace Reed,1954 tBronk, Detlev Wulf, 1939 Brooks, Harvey, 1962 iBrooks, William Keith, 1884 iBrouwer, Dirk,1951 iDeceased Brown, Ernest William, 1923 Brown, Harrison Scott, 1955 Brown, Herbert Charles, 1957 tBrown-Sequard, Charles E., 1868 iBrush, George Jarvis, 1868 Buchanan, John Machlin, 1962 iBucher, Walter Hermann, 1938 iBuckley, Oliver Ellsworth, 1937 Buddington, Arthur Francis, 1943 Buerger, Martin Julian, 1953 Bullock, Theodore Holmes, 1963 iBurkholder, Paul Rufus, 1949 tBumstead, Henry Andrews, 1913 iBurgess, George Kimball, 1922 Burns, Robert Kyle,1955 Burris, Robert Harza, 1961 iBush, Vannevar, 1934 Byerly, Perry, 1946 Byers, Horace Robert, 1952 iCalkins, Gary Nathan, 1919 Calvin, Melvin, 1954 "Campbell, Douglas Houghton, 1910 iCampbell, William Wallace, 1902 Cannon, Paul Roberts, 1946 iCannon, Walter Bradford, 1914 tCarlson, Anton Julius, 1920 iCarmichael, Leonard, 1943 ~Carothers, Wallace Hume, 1936 Carter, Herbert Edmund, 1953 ~Carty, John Joseph, 1917 iCasey, Thomas Lincoln, 1890 Castle, William Bosworth, 1939 "Castle, William Ernest, 1915 ~Caswell, Alexis~ iCattell, James McKeen, 1901 Chamberlain, Owen,1960 ~Chamberlin, Rollin Thomas, 1940 iChamberlin, Thomas Chrowder, 1903 Chance, Britton, 1954 iChandler, Charles Frederick, 1874 iChandler, Seth Carlo, 1888 iChandler, William Henry, 1943

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Appends D / 617 Chandrasekhar, Subrahmanyan, 1955 Chancy, Ralph Works, 1947 iChapman, Frank Michler, 1921 iChauvenet, Williams Chern, Shiing-shen, 1961 Chew, Geoffrey Foucar, 1962 Child, Charles Manning, 1935 Chipman, John, 1955 ~ Chit t en d en, R ussell He nry,1890 iClark, Henry James, 1872 tClark, William Bullock, 1908 iClark, William Mansfield, 1928 ~ C lark e, Fra nk Wiggle sw ort h, 1909 "Clarke, Hans Thacher, 1942 iClarke, John Mason, 1909 Clauses, Jens Christian, 1959 iClausen,RoyElwood, 1951 Cleland, Ralph Erskine, 1942 tClemence, Gerald Maurice, 1952 iCleveland, Lemuel Roscow, 1952 iClinton, George Perkins, 1930 tCloos, Ernst, 1950 Cloud, Preston Ercelle, Jr.,1961 iCoble, Arthur Byron, 1924 iCoblentz, William Weber, 1930 iCochrane, Edward Lull, 1945 "Coffin, James H., 1869 iCoffin, J. H. C.~ Coggeshall, Lowell Thelwell, 1949 tCoghill, George Ellett, 1935 iCohn, Edwin Joseph, 1943 Colbert, Edwin Harris, 1957 Cole, Kenneth Stewart, 1956 iCole, Rufus, 1922 iCompton, Arthur Holly, 1927 iCompton, Karl Taylor, 1924 Comroe, Julius Hiram, Jr., 1961 iComstock, Cyrus B., 1884 iComstock, George Cary,1899 Conant, James Bryant, 1929 iCondon, Edward Uhler, 1944 iConklin, Edwin Grant, 1908 Connick, Robert Elwell, 1963 IDeceased iCook, George Hammell, 1887 iCooke, Josiah Parsons, 1872 ~Coolidge, William David, 1925 Coon, Carleton Stevens, 1955 Coons, Albert Hewett, 1962 iCope, Arthur Clay, 1947 iCope, Edward Drinker, 1872 Cori, Carl Ferdinand, 1940 iCori, Gerty Theresa, 1948 Corner, George Washington, 1940 iCottrell, Frederick Gardner, 1939 Couch, John Nathaniel, 1943 iCoues, Elliott, 1877 iCoulter, John Merle, l 909 iCourant, Richard, 1955 Cournand, Andre Frederic, 1958 iCouncilman, William Thomas, 1904 "Crafts, James Mason, 1872 iCraig, Lyman Creighton, 1950 Cram, Donald James, 1961 Crawford, Bryce, Jr.,1956 tCrew,Henry, 1909 iCross, (Charles) Whitman, 1908 Crow, James Franklin, 1961 iCurme, George Oliver, Jr., 1944 iCurtis, Heber Doust, l 919 iCushing, Harvey (Williams),1917 iDall, William Healey, 1897 Dalldorf, Gilbert,1955 "Dalton, John Call, i 864 iDaly, Reginald Aldworth, 1925 iDana, Edward Salisbury, 1884 iDana, James Dwighti iDanforth, Charles Haskell, 1952 iDaniels, Farrington, 1947 Darken, Lawrence Stamper, 1961 Davenport, Charles Benedict, 1912 iDavidson, George, 1874 Davidson, Norman Ralph, 1960 iDavis, Bergen, 1929 ~Davis, Charles Henry~ Davis, Hallowell, 1948 Davis, William Morris, 1904 Davisson, Clint on Joseph, 1929

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61~3 1 Appendix D iDay, Arthur Louis, l 911 iDebye, Peter,3 1947 iDeGolyer, Everette Lee,1951 Delbruck, Max, 1949 tDemerec, Milislav, 1946 iDempster, Arthur Jeffrey, 1937 Den Hartog, Jacob Pieter, 1953 iDennison, David Mathias, 1953 iDetwiler, Samuel Randall, 1932 Deutsch, Martin, 1958 iDewey, John,1910 iDickson, Leonard Eugene, 1913 iDingle, John Holmes, 1958 Djerassi, Carl, 1961 Dobzhansky, Theodosius, 1943 iDochez, Alphonse Raymond, 1933 ~ D 0 dge, B ernard Ogil~zie, 1933 tDodge, Raymond, 1924 Doering, William von Eggers, 1961 Doisy, Edward Adelbert, 1938 iDonaldson, Henry Herbert,1914 Doob, Joseph Leo, 1957 Doty, Paul Mead, 1957 IDoudoroff,Michael,1962 iDouglas, Jesse, 1946 iDragstedt, Lester Reynold, 1950 Draper, Charles Stark, 1957 iDraper, Henry,1877 ~ Draper, John William, 1877 IDryden, Hugh Latimer, 1944 iDuane, William, 1920 DuBois, Eugene F loyd, 1933 Dubos, Rene Jules, 1941 DuBridge, Lee Alvin,1943 iDuggar, Benjamin Minge, 1927 Dulbecco, Renato, 1961 tDuMond, Jesse William Monroe, 1953 Dunbar, Carl Owen, 1944 Dunn, Gano,1919 iDunn, Leslie Clarence, 1943 iDunning, John Ray, 1948 iDurand, William Frederick,1917 iDutton, Clarence Edward, 1884 "Deceased du Vigneaud, Vincent, 1944 tEads, James Buchanan, 1872 Eagle, Harry, 1963 f East, Edward Murray, 1925 TEckart,CarlHenry, 1953 Edison, Thomas Alva, 1927 Edsall, John Tileston, 1951 Eggan, Fred Russell, 1963 TEigenmann,CarlH., 1923 Eilenberg, Samuel, 1959 tEinstein,Albert,4 1942 TEisenhart, Luther Pfahler, 1922 Elderfield, Robert Cooley, 1949 f Elkin, William Lewis, 1895 Elsasser, Walter Maurice, 1957 f Elvehjem, Conrad Arnold, 1942 fEmerson, Alfred Edwards, 1962 [Emerson, Robert, 1953 fEmerson, Rollins Adams, 1927 TEmmet, William LeRoy, 1921 Emmett, Paul Hugh,1955 TEmmons, Samuel Franklin, 1892 Enders, John Franklin, 1953 TEngelmann, Georgei TEpstein, Paul Sophus, 1930 TErlanger, Joseph, 1922 Esau, Katherine, 1957 Estes, William Kaye, 1963 fEvans,GriffithConrad,1933 f Evans, Herbert McLean, 1927 TEwing, James, 1935 f Ewing, William Maurice, 1948 Eyring, Henry, 1945 Fairbank, William Martin, 1963 ~ Farlow, William Gilson, 1879 iFeller, William, 1960 iFenn, Wallace Osgood, 1943 iFermi, Enrico, 1945 iFernald, Merritt Lyndon, 1935 iFerrel,William,1868 Ferry, John Douglass, 1959 iFewkes, Jesse Walter, 1914 Feynman, Richard Phillips, 1954 tFieser, Louis Frederick, 1940

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Appendix D / 619 iFischer, Hermann Otto Laurenz, 1954 Fisk, James Brown, 1954 iFleming, John Adam, 1938 Fletcher, Harvey, 1935 iFlexner, Simon, 1908 Flory, Paul John,1953 iFolin, Otto,1916 Folders, Karl August, 1948 IFoote, Paul Darwin, 1943 fForbes, Alexander, 1936 iForbes, Stephen Alfred,1918 Forbush, Scott Ellsworth, 1962 Fowler, William Alfred, 1956 f Francis, Thomas, Jr.,1948 IFranck, James, 1944 Franklin, Edward Curtis,1914 Grazer, John Fries Fred, Edwin Broun,1931 iFreeman, John Ripley, 1918 French, Charles Stacy, 1963 Friedman, Herbert, 1960 Friedmann, Herbert, 1962 Friedrichs, Kurt Otto, 1959 iFrost, Edwin Brant, 1908 Fruton, Joseph Stewart, 1952 Fuoss, Raymond Matthew, 1951 Fuson, Reynold Clayton, 1944 tGabb, William More, 1876 Galambos, Robert, 1960 Gamble, James Lawder, 1945 iGamow, George, 1953 Garrets, Robert Minard, 1962 iGasser, Herbert Spencer, 1934 Gates, Marshall DeMotte, Jr., 1958 tGay, Frederick Parker, 1939 Gell-Mann, Murray, 1960 IGenth, F. A., 1872 iGerard,Ralph Waldo, 1955 IGesell, Arnold Lucius, 1947 IGherardi, Bancroft, 1933 Giauque, William Francis, 1936 iGibbs, Josiah Willard, 1879 iGibbs, William Francis, 1949 t Deceased IGibbs, Wolcotti Gilbert, Grove Karl, 1883 IGill, Theodore Nicholas, 1873 iGilliland, Edwin Richard, 1948 iGilliss, James Melvillei Gilluly, James, 1947 Gilman, Henry, 1945 Glaser, Donald Arthur, 1962 Glass, Hiram Bentley, 1959 Goddard, David Rockwell, 1950 Godel, Kurt,1955 Goebel, Walther Frederick, 1958 Goldberg, Leo, 1958 Goldberger, Marvin Leonard, 1963 Goldhaber, Maurice, 1958 IGoldschmidt, Richard Benedikt, 1947 iGomberg, Moses,1914 IGooch, Frank Austin, 1897 iGoodale, George Lincoln, 1890 IGoode, G. Brown, 1888 ~ Goodpasture, Ernest William, 1937 IGortner, Ross Aiken, 1935 Goudsmit, Samuel Abraham, 1947 Gould, Augustus A. iGould, Benjamin A.~ "Graham, Clarence Henry, 1946 t Graham, Evarts Ambrose, 1941 IGray, Ash Green, David Ezra, 1962 Greenewalt, Crawford Hallock, 1952 Greenstein, Jesse Leonard, 1957 Gregory, William King, 1927 Griffin, Donald Redfield, 1960 iGriggs, David Tressel, 1952 Guilford, Joy Paul, 1954 iGunn, Ross,1931 IGutenberg, Beno, 1945 Gutowsky, Herbert Sander, 1960 tGuyot, Arnoldi tHadley, James, 1872 THague, Arnold, 1885 THaldeman, S. S., 1876

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620 1 Appendix D ~Hale, George Ellery, 1902 ~Hall, Asaph, 1875 ~Hall, Edwin Herbert,1911 tHall, G. Stanley, 1915 tHall, James1 Hallowell, Alfred Irving,1961 Halsted, W. S., 1917 Hamburger, Viktor, 1953 Hammett, Louis Plack, 1943 Hammond, George Simms,1963 ~Hansen, William Webster, 1949 Harking, William Draper,1921 Harlow, Harry F.,1951 Charged, Herbert Spencer, 1950 ~Harper, Robert Almer, 1911 ~Harrison, Ross Granville,1913 ~Hart, Edwin Bret, 1944 Hartline, Haldan Keffer, 1948 Sparkman, Carl Gottfried, 1937 ~Harvey, Edmund Newton, 1934 Haskins, Caryl Parker, 1956 tHassid, William Zev,1958 Hastings, Albert Baird, 1939 ~Hastings, Charles Sheldon, 1889 Haurwitz, Bernhard, 1960 Haury, Emil Walter,1956 Clauses, Charles Roy,1958 ~Hayden, F. V., 1873 Hanford, John Fillmore, 1911 tHecht, Selig, 1944 Hedberg, Hollis Dow, 1960 Heidelberger, Michael, 1942 ~Hektoen, Ludvig,1918 "Henderson, Lawrence Joseph, l 919 "Henderson, Yandell, 1923 Hendricks, Sterling Brown, 1952 ~Henry, Josephi Herb, Raymond George, 1955 Herget, Paul, 1962 Derrick, Charles Judson,1918 Hershey, Alfred Day, 1958 tHerskovits, Melville Jean, 1959 Doherty, Charles Holmes, Jr., 1947 Herzfeld, Karl Ferdinand, 1960 [Deceased tHess, Harry Hammond, 1952 "Hewett, Donnel Foster, 1937 tHibbert, Harold, 1945 Hildebrand, Joel Henry, 1929 Hilgard, Ernest Ropiequet, 1948 Hilgard, Eugene W., 1872 tHilgard, Julius Erasmusi tHill, George William, 1874 ~Hill, Henry B., 1883 Hille, Carl Einar, 1953 Hillebrand, William F., 1908 Hirschfelder, Joseph Oakland,1953 tHisaw, Frederick Lee, 1947 Hitch cock, Edwardi Hoagland, Dennis Robert, 1934 Hofmann, Klaus Heinrich, 1963 Hofstadter, Robert, 1958 Holbrook, J. E., 1868 tHolden, Edward Singleton, 1885 Hollaender, Alexander, 1957 ~Holmes, William Henry, 1905 Holtfreter, Johannes, 1955 Hooton, Earnest Albert, 1935 ~Hoover, Herbert, 1922 Horecker, Bernard Leonard, 1961 Hornig, Donald Frederick, 1957 Shortfall, Frank Lappin, Jr., 1948 Horsfall, James Gordon, 1953 Hotchkiss, Rollin Douglas, 1961 Hottell, Hoyt Clarke, 1963 ~Houston, William Vermillion, 1943 ~Hovgaard, William, 1929 Holland, Carl Iver, 1960 ~Howard, Leland Ossian,1916 tHowe, H. M.,1917 ~Howe,MarshallAvery, 1923 "Howell, William Henry, 1905 Hrdlicka, Ales,1921 ~Hubbard, J. S.i Hubbert, Marion King, 1955 Stubble, Edwin Powell, 1927 Hubbs, Carl Leavitt, 1952 ~Hudson, Claude Silbert, 1927 Huebner, Robert Joseph, 1960

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Huggins, Charles Brenton, 1949 Hulett, George Augustus, 1922 ~Hull, Albert Wallace, 1939 ~Hull, Clark Leonard, 1936 Humphreys, A. A.i Hunsaker, Jerome Clark, 1935 tHunt,Reid,l919 ~Hunt, T. Sterry, 1873 ~Hunter, Walter Samuel, 1935 ~Huntington, George Sumner, 1924 Hutchinson, George Evelyn, 1950 Hutchison, Clyde Allen, Jr., 1963 ~Hyatt, Alpheus, 1875 tHyman, Libbie Henrietta, 1961 Iddings, Joseph Paxson, 1907 Inghram, Mark Gordon, 1961 Ingle, Dwight Joyce, 1963 iIpatieff, Vladimir Nikolaevich, 1939 Irwin, Malcolm Robert, 1950 tIselin, Columbus O'Donnell, 1951 fives, Herbert Eugene, 1933 ~Jackson, Charles Loring, 1883 ~Jackson, Dunham, 1935 tJacobs,MerkelHenry, 1939 "Jacobs, Walter Abraham, 1932 Jacobson, Nathan, 1954 James, Harold Lloyd, 1962 ~James, William,s 1903 tJeffries, Zay, 1939 ~Jennings, Herbert Spencer,1914 Hewett, Frank Baldwin,1918 "Johnson, Douglas Wilson, 1932 Johnson, John Raven, 1948 "Johnson, S. W., 1866 ~Johnson, Treat Baldwin, 1919 Johnson,William Summer, 1952 tJones, Donald Forsha, 1939 ~Jones, Lewis Ralph, 1920 tJones, Walter, 1918 ~Jordan, Edwin Oakes, 1936 ~Joy, Alfred Harrison, 1944 Kalckar, Herman Moritz, 1959 Kamen, Martin David, 1962 iDeceased Append~c D / 6~1 Kaplan, Joseph, 1957 iKasner, Edward,1917 iKaufmann, Berwind Petersen, 1952 ~Keeler, J. E., 1900 iKeith, Arthur, 1928 iKelley, Walter Pearson, 1943 iKellogg, Arthur Remington, 1950 ~Kellogg, Vernon Lyman, 1930 ~Kelly, Mervin J., 1945 ~Kelser, Raymond Alexander, 1948 Kemble, Edwin Crawford, 1931 iKemp, James Furman, 1911 iKendall, Edward Calvin,1950 iKennelly, Arthur Edwin, 1921 iKent, Robert Harrington,1951 Kerst, Donald William, 1951 iKettering, Charles Franklin, 1928 Kety, Seymour Solomon, 1962 Keyes, Frederick George, 1930 ~Kharasch, Morris Selig, 1946 iKidder, Alfred Vincent, 1936 ~ Kimball, George Elbert, 1954 iKing, Arthur Scott, 1941 King, Charles Glen, 1951 ~King, Clarence, 1876 Kinzel, Augustus Braun, 1960 ~Kirkwood, John Gamble, 1942 iKirtland, Jared P., 1865 Kistiakowsky, George Bogdan, 1939 Kittel, Charles, 1957 iKluckhohn, Clyde Kay Maben, 1952 Kluver, Heinrich, 1957 ~Knopf, Adolph, 1931 Knopoff, Leon, 1963 ~Kofoid, Charles Atwood, 1922 iKohler, Elmer Peter, 1920 ~Kohler, Wolfgang, 1947 Kolthoff, Izaak Maurits, 1958 Kornberg, Arthur,1957 Kramer,PaulJackson, 1962 iKraus, Charles August, 1925 Krauskopf, Konrad Bates, 1959

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622 1 Appendix D iKroeber, Alfred Louis, 1928 Kuiper, Gerard Peter, 1950 Kunkel, Louis Otto, 1932 Kusch, Polykarp, 1956 f Lamb, Arthur Becket, 1924 Lamb, Willis Eugene, Jr., 1954 ILambert, Walter Davis, 1949 f La Mer, Victor Kuhn, 1945 fLaporte, Otto, 1934 Land, Edwin Herbert, 1953 Landis, Eugene Markley, 1954 iLandsteiner, Karl,1932 f lane, J. Homer, 1872 f Langley, Samuel P., 1876 Langmuir, Irving,1918 Lardy, Henry Arnold, 1958 fLarsen, Esper Signius, Jr., 1944 Lashley, Karl Spencer, 1930 f Latimer, Wendell Mitchell, 1940 f Laufer, Berthold, 1930 f Lauritsen, Charles Christian, 1941 f Lauritsen, Thomas, 1969 fLawrence, Ernest Orlando, 1934 fLawson, Andrew Cowper, 1924 Lea, Matthew Carey, 1892 lee Conte, John, 1878 fee Conte, John L.i Le Conte, Joseph, 1875 Lederberg, Joshua,1957 iLefschetz, Solomon, 1925 Lehninger, Albert Lester, 1956 fLeidy, Josephi f Leith, Charles Kenneth, 1920 Leonard, Nelson Jordan, 1955 tLerner, I. Michael, 1959 iLesley, J. Petert f Lesquereux, Leo,1864 f Leuschner, Armin Otto, 1913 f Levene, Phoebus Aaron Theodor 1916 fLeverett, Frank, 1929 fLewis, George William, 1945 f Lewis, Gilbert Newton,6 1913 iLewis, Howard Bishop, 1949 iDeceased fLewis, Warren Harmon, 1936 f Lewis, Warren Kendall, 1938 Libby, Willard Frank, 1950 f Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1915 Lin, Chia-Chiao, 1962 iLind, Samuel Colville, 1930 fLindgren,Waldemar,1909 Lindsley, Donald Benjamin, 1952 Link, Karl Paul, 1946 f Linton, Ralph, 1945 Lipmann, Fritz Albert, 1950 Lipscomb, William Nunn, 1961 f Little, Clarence Cook, 1945 Lloyd, David Pierce Caradoc, 1953 f Loeb, Jacques, 1910 Loeb, Leo, 1937 ~ Loeb, Robert Frederick, 1946 f Long, Cyril Norman Hugh, 1948 Long, Esmond Ray, 1946 Long, Franklin A., 1962 fLongcope, Warfield Theobald, 1943 f Longstreth, Miers F. i Longsworth, Lewis Gibson, 1947 Longwell, Chester Ray, 1935 f Loomis, Alfred Lee, 1941 f Loomis, Elias,1873 f Loomis, Francis Wheeler, 1949 Lorente de No, Rafael, 1950 f Lothrop, Samuel Kirkland,1951 Lovering, Joseph, 1873 Lovering, Thomas Seward, 1949 f Lowie, Robert Harry,1931 ILucas, Howard Johnson, 1957 Luria, Salvador Edward, 1960 f Lusk, Graham,1915 f Lyman, Theodore, 1872 f Lyman, Theodore,1917 iMacCallum, William George, 1921 MacDonald, Gordon James Fraser, 1962 iMacInnes, Duncan Arthur, 1937 Mackey, George Whitelaw, 1962 tMackin, Joseph Hoover, 1963

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~4ppend?uc D / 623 Mac Lane, Saunders, 1949 f MacLeod, Colin Munro,1955 iMacNider, William de Berniere, 1938 IMacelwane, James Bernard, S. J., 1944 Magoun, Horace Winchell, 1955 f Mahan, D. H. i IMall, Franklin P., 1907 Mangelsdorf, Paul Christoph, 1945 Mann, Frank Charles, 1950 iMark, Edward Laurens, 1903 Mark, Herman Francis, 1961 iMarsh, G. P., 1866 IMarsh, O. C., 1874 Marshak, Robert Eugene, 1958 Marshall, Eli Kennerly, Ir., 1943 Marvel, Carl Shipp, 1938 IMason, Max, 1923 iMaxcy, Kenneth Fuller, 1950 Mayall, Nicholas Ulrich, 1949 IMayer, Alfred M., 1872 Mayer, Joseph Edward, 1946 tMayer, Maria Goeppert, 1956 iMaynard, Leonard Amby, 1944 IMayor, A. G., 1916 "Mayo-Smith, Richmond, 1890 Mayr, Ernst, 1954 Mazia, Daniel, 1960 McCarty, Maclyn, 1963 McClintock, Barbara, 1944 iMcClung, Clarence Erwin, 1920 iMcCollum, Elmer Verner, 1920 McElroy, William David, 1963 iMcElvain, Samuel Marion, 1949 iMcMaster, Philip Duryee, 1952 iMcMath, Robert Raynolds, 1958 McMillan, Edwin Mattison, 1947 McShane, Edward James, 1948 iMead, Warren Judson, 1939 iMeek, F. B., 1869 IMeek, Walter Joseph, 1947 tMees, Charles Edward Kenneth, 1950 IDeceased IMeggers, William Frederick, 1954 IMehl, Robert Franklin, 1958 iMeigs,M.C., 1865 tMeltzer, Samuel James, 1912 iMendel, Lafayette Benedict, 1913 iMendenhall, Charles Elwood, 1918 iMendenhall, T. C., 1887 iMendenhall, Walter Curran, 1932 tMenzel, Donald Howard, 1948 tMerica, Paul Dyer, 1942 iMerriam, Clinton Hart, 1902 iMerriam, John Campbell, 1918 IMerrill, Elmer Drew, 1923 IMerrill, George Perkins, 1922 "Merrill, Paul Willard, 1929 IMerritt, Ernest George, 1914 Metz, Charles William, 1948 f Meyer, Karl Friedrich, 1940 iMeyerhof, Otto, 1949 "Michael, Arthur, 1889 IMichaelis, Leonor, 1943 "Michelson, A. A., 1888 iMidgley, Thomas, Jr., 1942 Miles, Walter Richard, 1933 IMiller, Alden Holmes, 1957 Miller, Charles Phillip, 1956 IMiller, Dayton Clarence, 1921 iMiller, George Abram, 1921 Miller, George Armitage, 1962 Miller,NealElgar,1958 tMillikan, Robert Andrews, 1915 Milnor, John Willard, 1963 iMinkowski, Rudolph Leo, 1959 iMinot, Charles Sedgwick, 1897 iMinot, George Richards, 1937 iMirsky, Alfred Ezra,1954 "Mitchell, Henry, 1885 f Mitchell, Samuel Alfred,1933 iMitchell, Silas Weir, 1865 iModjeski, Ralph, 1925 Montgomery, Deane, 1955 f Moore, Carl Richard,1944 iMoore, Eliakim Hastings, 1901 Moore, John Alexander, 1963

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624 1 Appendix D iMoore, Joseph Haines, 1931 tMoore, Robert Lee, 1931 Moore, Stanford, 1960 iMorgan, Lewis H., 1875 t Morgan, Thomas Hunt, 1909 Morgan,WilliamWilson,1956 "Morley, E. W., 1897 Morrey, Charles Bradfield, Jr., 1962 iMorse, Edward Sylvester, 1876 tMorse, Harmon N., 1907 iMorse, Harold Marston, 1932 Morse, Philip McCord, 1955 Morton, Henry, 1874 iMoulton, Forest Ray,1910 Movius, Hallam Leonard, Jr., 1957 iMueller, John Howard, 1945 iMuller, Hermann Joseph, 1931 Mulliken, Robert Sanderson, 1936 Munk, Walter Heinrich, 1956 iMurnaghan, Francis Dominic, 1942 IMurphree, Eger Vaughan, 1950 iMurphy, James Bumgardner, 1940 Neel, James Van Gundia, 1963 INef, John Ulric, 1904 Neurath, Hans, 1961 INewberry, J. S.i INewcomb, Simon, 1869 Newman, Melvin Spencer, 1956 INewton, H. A.~ "Newton, John, 1876 Neyman, Jerzy, 1963 "Nicholas, John Spangler, 1949 "Nichols, Edward Leamington, 1901 INichols, Ernest Fox, 1908 INicholson, Seth Barnes, 1937 iNiemann,CarlGeorge, 1952 Nier, Alfred Otto C.,1950 iNissen, Henry W., 1953 Nolan, Thomas Brennan, 1951 iNorris, James Flack, 1934 Northrop, John Howard, 1934 INorton, William A., 1873 iNovy, Frederick George, 1924 "Deceased iNoyes, Arthur Amos, 1905 tNoyes, William Albert, 1910 Noyes, William Albert, Jr., 1943 O'Brien, Brian, 1954 Ochoa, Severo,1957 TOliver, James E., 1872 Olson, Harry Ferdinand, 1959 Oncley, John Lawrence, 1947 TOnsager, Lars, 1947 TOpie, Eugene Lindsay, 1923 "Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1941 tOsborn, Henry Fairfield, 1900 f Osborne, Thomas Burr,1910 f Osgood, William Fogg, 1904 tOsterhout, Winthrop John Vanleuven, 1919 "Packard, Alpheus Spring, 1872 TPainter, Theophilus Shickel, 1938 Pais, Abraham, 1962 TPalache, Charles, 1934 Palade, George Emil, 1961 Panofsky, Wolfgang K. H., 1954 TParker, George Howard,1913 Patterson, Bryan, 1963 iPatterson, John Thomas, 1941 TPaul, John Rodman, 1945 Pauling, Linus, 1933 tPearl, Raymond,1916 tPegram, George Braxton, 1949 TPeirce, Benjamin~7 iPeirce, Benjamin Osgood, 1906 iPeirce, Charles S. S., 1877 Pekeris, Chaim Leib, 1952 TPenfield, Samuel L., 1900 Perlman, Isadore, 1963 iPeters, C. H. F., 1876 TPeters, John Punnett, 1947 tPetrunkevitch, Alexander, 1954 Pfaffmann, Carl, 1959 iPickering, Edward C., 1873 Pickering, William Hayward, 1962 iPierce, George Washington, 1920 Pierce, John Robinson, 1955 iPiggot, Charles Snowden, 1946

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"Pillsbury, Walter Bowers, 1925 Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1963 TPirsson, Louis V.,1913 Pittendrigh, Colin Stephenson, 1963 Mitts, Robert Franklin, 1956 Pitzer, Kenneth Sanborn, 1949 Pound, Robert Vivian, 1961 TPourtales, L. F., 1873 iPowell, John W., 1880 iPower, Frederick gelding, 1924 Press, Frank, 1958 TPrudden, T. Mitchell, 1901 Puck, Theodore Thomas, 1960 TPumpelly, Raphael, 1872 iPupin, Michael Idvorsky, 1905 Purcell, Edward Mills,1951 TPutnam, Frederic Ward, 1885 Rabi, Isidor Isaac, 1940 Ramsey, Norman Foster, 1952 Ransome, Frederick Leslie,1914 Ranson, Stephen Walter, 1940 Raper, Kenneth Bryan, 1949 Raymond, Arthur Emmons, 1950 Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1958 Reeside, John Bernard, Jr., 1945 Reichelderfer, Francis Wilton, 1945 Reid, Harry Fielding, 1912 Remsen, Ira, 1882 Revelle, Roger Randall, 1957 Rhoades, Marcus Morton, 1946 f Rich, Arnold Rice, 1954 f Richards, Alfred Newton, 1927 fRichards, Dickinson W., 1958 Richards, Theodore William, 1899 Richter, Curt Paul, 1948 fRichtmyer, Floyd Karker, 1932 f Riddle, Oscar, 1939 Ridgway, Robert,1917 Riggs, Lorrin Andrews, 1961 Riker, Albert Joyce,1951 Ritt, Joseph Fels, 1933 ~ Rittenberg, David,1953 fRivers, Thomas Milton, 1934 "Deceased Append~c D / 625 Robbins, William Jacob, 1940 Roberts, John D., 1956 Roberts, Richard Brooke, 1961 f Robertson, Howard Percy,1951 fRobertson, Oswald Hope, 1943 fRobinson, Benjamin Lincoln, 1921 f Rodebush, Worth Huff, 1938 fRodgers, Johni fRogers, Fairman~ f Rogers, Robert E.~8 f Rogers, William A., 1885 fRogers, William B.~39 fRomer, Alfred Sherwood, 1944 f Rood, Ogden N., 1865 fRosa, E. B., 1913 Rose, William Cumming, 1936 f Ross, Frank Elmore, 1930 fRossby, Carl~ustaf Arvid, 1943 Rossi, Bruno Benedetto, 1950 Rossini, Frederick Dominic, 1951 f Rous, Francis Peyton, 1927 Rouse, Irving, 1962 f Rowland, Henry A., 1881 ~ Royce, Josiah, 1906 f Rubey, William Walden, 1945 ~ Ruedemann, Rudolph, 1928 f Russell, Henry Norris, 1918 ~ Russell, Richard Joel, 1959 f Rutherford, Lewis M.~ f Ryan, Harris Joseph,1920 Sabin, Albert Bruce,1951 iSabin, Florence Rena, 1925 TSabine, Wallace C. W., 1917 St. John, Charles Edward, 1924 Sandage, Allan Rex, 1963 iSapir, Edward, 1934 ~ Sargent, Charles Sprague, 1895 ISaunders, Frederick Albert, 1925 iSauveur, Albert, 1927 iSavage, John Lucian, 1949 iSax, Karl, 1941 ISaxton, Joseph~ iScatchard, George, 1946 t S chairer, J ohn Frank, 1 9 5 3

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6261~lppendixD iSchiff, Leonard Isaac, 1957 "Schlesinger, Frank, 1916 "Schlesinger, Hermann Irving, 1948 Schmidt, Carl Frederic, 1949 iSchmidt,KarlPatterson, 1956 Schmidt-Nielsen, Knut, 1963 Schmitt, Francis Otto, 1948 Scholander, Per Fredrik, 1961 iSchott, Charles A., 1872 iSchrader,Franz,1951 tSchuchert, Charles, 1910 Schultz, Adolph Hans, 1939 Schwarzchild, Martin, 1956 Schwinger, Julian, 1949 Scott, William Berryman, 1906 Scudder, Samuel H., 1877 Seaborg, Glenn Theodore, 1948 ~ Seares, Frederick Hanley, 1919 iSeashore, Carl Emil, 1922 Segre, Emilio, 1952 Seitz, Frederick, 1951 Sellers, William, 1873 Serber, Robert, 1952 iSetcheli,WilliamAlbert,1919 f Shaffer, Philip Anderson, 1928 Shane, Charles Donald, 1961 Shannon, Claude Elwood, 1956 Shapiro, Harry Lionel, 1949 ~ Shapley, Harlow, 1924 iShedlovsky, Theodore, 1953 Sheehan, John Clark,1957 Shemin, David,1958 iSherman, Henry Clapp, 1933 "Sherwood, Thomas Kilgore, 1958 Shockley, William, 1951 iShope, Richard Edwin, 1940 iSilliman, Benjamin, Sr. tSilliman, Benjamin, Jr.i Simpson, George Gaylord, 1941 Simpson, John Alexander, 1959 Sinnott, Edmund Ware,1936 Skinner, Burrhus Frederic, 1950 Skoog, Folke Karl,1956 Slater, John Clarke,1932 "Deceased Slepian, Joseph, 1941 Slichter, Louis Byrne, 1944 Slipher, Vesto Melvin, 1921 TSmadel, Joseph Edwin, 1957 ISmall, Lyndon Frederick, 1941 Smith, Albert Charles, 1963 tSmith, Alexander,1915 Smith, Cyril Stanley,1957 tSmith, Edgar Fahs, 1899 Smith, Emil L., 1962 iSmith, Erwin Frink, 1913 tSmith, Gilbert Morgan, 1948 ~ Smith, Homer William, 1945 tSmith, J. Lawrence, 1872 iSmith, James Perrin, 1925 ISmith, Lee Irvin, 1944 Smith, Paul Althaus, 1947 Smith, Philip Edward, 1939 tSmith, Sidney Irving,1884 iSmith, Theobald, 1908 Smyth, Charles Phelps, 1955 Snell, Esmond Emerson, 1955 Soderberg, Carl Richard, 1947 Sonneborn, Tracy Morton, 1946 Spedding, Frank Harold, 1952 Spence, Kenneth Wartinbe, 1955 Spencer, Donald Clayton, 1961 ISperry, Elmer Ambrose, 1925 Sperry, Roger Wolcott, 1960 Spier, Leslie, 1946 Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., 1952 Sporn, Philip, 1962 tSquier, George Owen, 1919 iStadie, William Christopher, 1945 iStadler, Lewis John, 1938 Stakman, Elvin Charles, 1934 "Stanley, Wendell Meredith, 1941 Stebbins, George Ledyard, 1952 Stebbins, Joel,1910 tSteenrod, Norman Earl, 1956 Stein, William Howard, 1960 Steineger, Leonhard,1923 Stern, Curt,1948 IStern, Otto, 1945

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Appended I 627 iStevens, Stanley Smith, 1946 iSteward, Julian H., 1954 iStewart, George Walter, 1938 Stewart, Thomas Dale, 1962 Stieglitz, Julius,1911 iStillwell, Lewis Buckley,1921 Stimpson, William, 1868 iStock, Chester, 1948 Stockard, Charles Rupert, 1922 St o ck mayer, Wa lter H ugo,1956 Stoker, James Johnston, 1963 Stommel, Henry Melson,1961 iStone, Calvin Perry, 1943 Stone, Marshall Harvey, 1938 Stone, Wilson Stuart, 1960 Stork, Gilbert Josse, 1960 Story, William Edward, 1908 Stratton, George Malcolm, 1928 Stratton, Julius Adams, 1950 Stratton, Samuel Wesley,1917 Straus, William Louis, Jr., 1962 Street, Jabez Curry,1953 iStreeter, George Linius,1931 Strong, Theodore ~ Struve, Otto, 1937 Sturtevant, Alfred Henry, 1930 Suits, Chauncey Guy, 1946 iSullivant, W. S., 1872 ~Sumner, Francis Bertody, 1937 Sumner, James Batcheller, 1948 ~Sverdrup, Harald Ulrik,~ 1945 iSwain, George Fillmore, 1923 Swanton, John Reed, 1932 Swasey, Ambrose, 1922 Szent~yorgyi, Albert, 1956 Szilard, Leo,1961 iTaliaferro, William Hay, 1940 Tarbell, Dean Stanley, 1959 tTate, John Torrance, 1942 ~Tatum, Edward Lawrie, 1952 Taube, Henry, 1959 "Taylor, Charles Vincent, 1943 iTaylor, David Watson, 1918 Teller, Edward, 1948 IDeceased ~Tennent, David Hilt,1929 Terman, Frederick Emmons, 1946 iTerman, Lewis Madison, 1928 iThaxter, Roland,1912 Thimann, Kenneth Vivian, 1948 iThom, Charles, 1937 Thomas, Charles Allen, 1948 Thomas, Llewellyn Hilleth, 1958 Thomas, Tracy Yerkes,1941 iThompson, Thomas Gordon,1951 iThomson, Elihu, 1907 iThorndike, Edward Lee,1917 iThurstone, Louis Leon, 1938 iTillett, William Smith, 1951 iTimoshenko, Stephen Prokop, 1940 Tishler, Max, 1953 tTolman, Edward Chace, 1937 iTolman, Richard Chace, 1923 iTorrey, Johni iTotten, J. G.~ Tousey, Richard, 1960 Townes, Charles Hard,1956 iTozzer, Alfred Marston, 1942 iTrelease, William, 1902 iTrowbridge, Augustus, 1919 tTrowbridge, John, 1878 iTrowbridge, William P., 1 872 iTrumbull, James H., 1872 iTrumpler, Robert Julius, 1932 iTuckerman, Edward, 1868 Tukey, John Wilder, 1961 Turner, Francis John, 1956 Tuve, Merle Antony, 1946 iTwitty, Victor Chandler, 1940 iTyzzer, Ernest Edward, 1942 Uhlenbeck, George Eugene, 1955 tUlrich, Edward Oscar,1917 Urey, Harold Clayton, 1935 Van Allen, James Alfred, 1959 Vandiver, Harry Shultz, 1934 iVan Hise, C. R., 1902 Van Niel, Cornelis Bernardus, 1945 jVan Slyke, Donald Dexter, 1921

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628 / Appendix D tVan Vleck, Edward Burr, 1911 Van Vleck, John Hasbrouck, 1935 TVaughan, Thomas Wayland, 1921 TVaughan, Victor Clarence,1915 TVeblen, Oswald, 1919 Verhoogen, John,1956 Merrill, Addison E., 1872 TVestine, Ernest Harry, 1954 Vickery, Hubert Bradford, 1943 Villard, Oswald Garrison, Jr., 1958 Visscher, Maurice Bolks, 1956 tvon Bekesy, Georg, 1956 tvon Karman, Theodore, 1938 Tvon Neumann, John,1937 TWaksman, Selman Abraham, 1942 TWalcott, Charles Doolittle, 1896 Wald, George, 1950 TWaLker, Francis A., 1878 WaLker, John Charles, 1945 Wall, Frederick Theodore, 1961 TWalsh, Joseph Leonard, 1936 Warner, John Christian, 1956 tWarren,G.K.,1876 Warren, Shields, 1962 TWashburn, Edward Wight, 1932 TWashburn, Margaret Floy,1931 Washburn, Sherwood Lamed, 1963 TWashington, Henry Stephens, 1921 Watson, Cecil James, 1959 "Watson, James C., 1868 Watson, James Dewey, 1962 "Watson, Sereno, 1889 "Webster, A. G., 1903 "Webster, David Locke, 1923 Weinberg, Alvin Martin, 1961 Weiss, Paul Alfred, 1947 Weisskopf, Victor Frederick, 1952 tWelch, William Henry, 1895 tWells, Harry Gideon, 1925 TWells, Horace L., 1903 Went, Frits Warmolt, 1947 Wentzel, Gregor, 1959 tWerkman, Chester Hamlin, 1946 Westheimer, Frank Henry, 1954 "Deceased Wetmore, Alexander, 1945 Wetmore, Ralph Hartley, 1954 Wever, Ernest Glen, 1940 TWeyl, Claus Hugo Hermann, 1940 TWheeler, Henry Lord, 1909 Wheeler, John Archibald, 1952 TWheeler, William Morton, 1912 Whipple, Fred Lawrence, 1959 Whipple, George Hoyt, 1929 TWhite, Charles A., 1889 tWhite, David, 1912 TWhite, Henry Seely,1915 TWhitehead, John Boswell, 1932 Whitford, Albert Edward, 1954 TWhitman, C. O., 1895 TWhitmore, Frank Clifford, 1946 Whitney, Hassler, 1945 TWhitney, Josiah D.~i ~ TWhitney, William D.,~2 1865 TWhitney, Willis Rodney,1917 TWhyburn, Gordon Thomas,1951 Wick, Gian-Carlo, 1963 TWiener, Norbert,~3 1934 Wiesner, Jerome Bert, 1960 TWiggers, Carl John,1951 Wigner, Eugene Paul,1945 TWilcznski, Ernest Julius, 1919 Wilder, Raymond Louis,1963 Willey, Gordon Randolph, 1960 Williams, Carroll Milton, 1960 Williams, Howel, 1950 TWilliams, John Harry, 1961 Williams, John Warren, 1952 TWilliams, Robert R., 1945 Williams, Robley Cook,1955 Williams, Roger John, 1946 tWillier, Benjamin Harrison, 1945 T Willis, Bailey, 1920 TWilliston, Samuel W.,1915 T Wilson, David Wright,1955 Wilson, Edgar Bright, Jr., 1947 TWilson, Edmund Beecher, 1899 TWilson, Edwin Bidwell, 1919 "Wilson, Henry Van Peters, 1927

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Appendix D / 629 Wilson, Olin Chaddock, 1960 Wilson, Perry William, 1955 "Wilson, Ralph Elmer, 1950 t Wilson, Robert Erastus, 1947 Wilson, Robert Rathbun, 1957 iWinlock, Josepht TWinstein, Saul, 1955 TWintersteiner, Oskar, 1950 TWislocki, George Bernays, 1941 TWissler, Clark, 1929 TWolbach, Simeon Burt, 1938 TWolfrom, Melville Lawrence, 1950 Wolman, Abel, 1963 Wood, Harland, Goff,1953 TWood, Horatio C., 1879 TWood, Robert Williams,1912 tWood, William Barry, Jr., 1959 Woodring, Wendell Phillips, 1946 TWoodruff, Lorande Loss, 1924 TWoodward, J. J., 1873 Woodward, Robert Burns,1953 TWoodward, Robert S., 1896 TWoodworth, Robert Sessions, 1921 TWoolley, Dilworth Wayne,1952 Woolsey, Clinton Nathan, 1960 tWorthen, Amos Henry, 1872 "Deceased TWright, Arthur Williams, 1881 t wright, Frederick Eugene, 1923 "Wright, Orville, 1936 Wright, Sewall Green, 1934 "Wright, William Hammond,1922 Wu, Chien-Shiung, 1958 Wulf, Oliver Reynolds, 1949 Wyckoff, Ralph Walter Graystone, 1949 T Wyman, Jeffriesi TYerkes, Robert Mearns, 1923 Yoder, Hatten Schuyler, Jr., 1958 tYost, Don Merl~n Lee, 1944 t Young, Charles A . ,1872 Young, William Gould, 1951 Zacharias, Jerrold Re~nach, 1957 Zachariasen, Frederik William Houlder, 1949 Zariski, Oscar, 1944 Zener, Clarence Melvin,1959 Zimm, Bruno Hasbrouck, 1958 Zinn, Walter Henry, 1956 ~Zinsser, Hans, 1924 Zirkle, Raymond Elliott, 1959 Zworykin, Vladimir Kosma, 1943 Zygmund, Antoni, 1960 ~ Charter member, March 3, 1863. 2Became a German citizen on October 17, 1911, thereby losing his membership in the Academy. 3 Elected a foreign associate in 1931; naturalized in 1946. 4 Elected a foreign associate in 1922; naturalized in 1940. Elected to the Academy in 1942, while retaining his status as a foreign associate. Resigned, 1909. 6Resigned, 1934. 7Resigned, 1873. ~Removed from roll of active members in 1866 for nonattendance; returned to roll in 1875. 9Removed from roll of active members in 1866 for nonattendance; reelected to the Academy in 1872. iResigned Academy membership on April 2, 1951, when he had maintained residence in Norway for three years, thereby losing American citizenship. Elected a foreign associate in 1952. Resigned, 1874. Resigned, 1882. i3Resigned, 1 941.

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630 1 Appendix D FOREIGN ASSOCIATES [Adams, Frank Dawson, 1920 [Adams, John Cough, 1883 [Adrian, of Cambridge, Edgar Douglas, Baron, 1941 f Airy, Sir George B., 1865 Alexandroff, Paul A., 1947 Amaldi, Edoardo, 1962 Ambartsumian, Victor Amazaspovich, 1959 f Argelander, F . W. A., 1864 lArrhenius, Svante A., 1908 fAuwers'G. F. J. Arthur, 1883 lBacklund, Oskar, 1903 iBaer, Karl Ernst von, l 864 iBaeyer, Adolf von, l 898 iBailey, Sir Edward, 1944 IBarcroft, Sir Joseph, 1939 iBarrande, Joachim, 1867 iBarrois, Charles, 1908 iBartlett, Sir Frederick Charles. 1947 IBateson, William, 1921 ~ Beaumont, L. Elie de, 1864 IBecquerel, Henri, 1905 iBerthelot, M. P. E., 1883 iBertrand,J.L.F., 1883 Best, Charles Herbert, 1950 iBhabha, Homi Jehangir, 1963 IBjerknes, V. F. K., 1934 iBjerrum, Niels, 1952 iBohr, Niels, 1925 iBoltzmann, Ludwig, 1904 lBordet, Jules,1935 IBorn,Max,1955 iBornet, Edouard, 1901 iBoussingault, J. B. J. D., 1883 iBoveri, Theodor,1913 iBower, Frederick Orpen, 1929 iBragg, Sir William, 1939 ~ Bragg, Sir William Lawrence, 1945 iBraun, Alexander, 1865 Brewster, Sir David, 1864 "Deceased de Broglie, Prince Louis, 1948 iBrogger, Waldemar Christofer, 1903 iBronstead, Johannes Nicolaus, 1947 Brun, Edmond Antoine, 1960 Bullard, Sir Edward Crisp, 1959 iBullen, Keith Edward, 1961 iBunsen, Robert Wilhelm, 1864 lBurmeister,C.H.C., 1867 Burnet, Sir Macfarlane, 1954 iCandolle, Alphonse de, 1883 iCartan, Elie, 1949 iCaso, Alfonso, 1943 iCayley, Arthur, 1883 iChapman, Sydney, 1946 iChasles, Michel, 1864 tChevreul, Michel Eugene, 1883 iClark, Sir Wilfrid Le Gros, 1963 IClausius, Rudolph, 1883 iCornu, Alfred,1901 tCrookes, Sir William,1913 TDale, Sir Henry, 1940 ~ Darboux, Gaston,1913 "Darwin, Sir George Howard, 1904 ide Sitter, Willem, 1929 IDeslandres, Henri,1913 ide Vries, Hugo, 1904 iDewar, Sir James, 1907 Dirac, Paul Adrien Maurice, 1949 ~ D ove, Heinrich Wilhelm, 1867 Idu Bois-Reymond, Emil,1892 ~ Dumas, Jean Baptiste, 1883 iDyson, Sir Frank Watson, 1926 fEddington, Sir Arthur Stanley, 1925 tEhrlich, Paul, 1904 f Eijknan, Christiaan, 1921 Einstein, Albert, ~ 1922 TEngler, Adolph, 1925 Ephrussi, Boris,1961 TEskola, Pentti Eelis,1951 Faraday, Michael, 1864

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Append2uc D / 631 iFischer, Emil, 1904 "Fisher, Sir Ronald Aylmer, 1948 tFlorey, Howard Walter (Baron Florey of Adelaide), 1963 tForsyth, Andrew Russell, 1907 tFowler, Alfred, 1938 von Frisch, Karl,1951 tGegenbaur, Karl,1891 tGeijer,Per, 1958 iGeikie, Sir Archibald, l 901 iGill, Sir David, 1898 iGoebel, Karl E. Ritter von, l 932 "Gregory, Frederick Gugenheim, 1956 Groth,Paulvon, 1905 tGylden, Hugo,1892 Anabel, Fritz, 1932 ~Hadamard, Jacques, 1926 Had field, Sir Robert A., 1928 Haldane, John Scott, 1935 ~Hamilton, Sir William Rowan, 1864 tHardY, Godfrey Harold, 1927 Hart Mann, Max, 1959 tHeim, Albert, 1913 ~Heisenberg, Werner, 1961 tHelland-Hansen, Bjorn,1947 tHelmholtz, Hermann L. F. von (Baron van Helmholtz), 1883 Hertwig, Richard, 1929 Gilbert, David, 1907 Hill, Archibald Vivian, 1941 ~Hill, James Peter, 1940 Hinshelwood, Sir Cyril Norman, 1960 tHodge, Sir William Vallance Douglas, 1959 ~Hoff, Jacobus Hendricus van's, 1901 tHofmann, August Wilhelm,1887 ~Hooker, Sir Joseph Dalton, 1883 Hopi, Heinz, 1957 ~Hopkins, Sir Frederick Gowland 1924 TDeceased ~Houssay, Bernardo Alberto, 1940 tHuggins, Sir William, 1904 ~Huxley, Thomas Henry,1883 Ibanez, Carlos, 1889 ~Janet,Pierre,1938 Janssen, Pierre Jules Cesar, l 901 Jeffreys, Sir Harold, 1945 tJones, Sir Harold Spencer, 1943 "Jordan, Marie Ennemond Camille 1920 ~Joule, James Prescott, 1887 Kapitza, Peter Leonidovich, 1946 iKapteyn, J. C., 1907 Karrer, Paul, 1945 iKeith, Sir Arthur, 1941 Kekule, August, 1892 ~Kelvin, William Thomson (Baron Kelvin of Largs), 1883 Kihara, Hit oshi, 1958 Kirchoff, Gustav Robert, 1883 ~Klein, Felix, 1898 ~Koch, Robert, 1903 Kohlrausch, Friedrich, 1901 iKolliker, Albert von,1883 iKonorski, Jerzy, 1963 Kossel, Albrecht,1913 Krishnan, Sir Kariamanikkam Srinivasa, 1956 iKrogh, August,1937 ~Kronecker, Hugo,1901 Juno, Hisashi, 1963 Kustner, Karl Friedrich, 1913 Lacaze-Duthiers, Henri de, 1898 Lacroix, Francois Antoine Alfred, 1920 ~Landau, Lev Davidovich, 1960 Lankester, Sir E. Ray, 1903 Larmor, Sir Joseph, 1908 Laue, Max von, l 958 Leloir, Luis F., 1960 Leuckart, Rudolph, 1895 iLevi, Giuseppe, 1940 ~Lie, Sophus, 1895 iLiebig, Justus von, l 867

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632 1 Appendix D Lim, Robert K. S., 1942 iPrain, Sir David, 1920 ~ Lindblad, Bertil, 1955 Prelog, Vladimir, 1961 fLinderstrom-Lang, Kaj Ulrik, 1947 fRammelsberg, Karl Friedrich, 1893 fLister, Joseph (1st Baron Lister of fRamon y Cajal, Santiago, 1920 Lyme Regis), 1898 f Ramsay, Sir William, 1904 fRayleigh, John Wm. Strutt (3d Baron Rayleigh), 1898 f Regnault, Victor, 1865 Reichstein, Tadeus, 1952 f Renner, Otto, 1954 f Retzius, Gustav, 1909 Richthofen, Ferdinand von, 1883 Robertson, Rutherford Ness, 1962 ~ Robinson, Sir Robert, 1934 f Rosenbusch, Karl Harry Ferdinand, 1904 fRoux,Wilhelm,1924 tRubner, Max, 1924 Rutherford, Ernest ~ 1 st Baron Rutherford of Nelson), 1911 f Ruzicka, Leopold, 1944 iSabatier,Paul, 1927 I Sachs, Julius von, l 895 iSchiaparelli, Giovanni, 1910 ~ Schneider, Charles Eugene, 1925 iSchuster, Sir Arthur,1913 Seeliger, Hugo R. von, 1908 Semenov, Nikolai Nikolaevich, 1963 tSherrington, Sir Charles, 1924 iSommerfeld, Arnold, 1929 iSorensen, Soren Peter Lauritiz, 1938 ~ Southwell, Sir Richard Vynne, 1943 tSpearman, Charles Edward, 1943 ISpemann, Hans, 1925 tStas, Jean Servais, 1891 iSteacie, Edgar W. R., 1957 "Stokes, Sir George G., 1883 IStrasburger, Eduard, 1898 Struve, Otto von, l 883 iStumpf, Carl, 1927 ~ Suess, Eduard, 1898 iSvedberg, Theodor (The), 1945 f Loewy, Maurice, 1901 Lorentz, Hendrik Antoon, 1906 Ludwig, Karl F. W., 1893 Lwoff, Andre,1955 Lynen, Feodor, 1962 f Lyot, Bernard Ferdinand, 1949 "Marconi, Marchese Guglielmo, 1932 IMarey, Etienne Jules, 1903 iMendeleef, Dimitri I., 1903 IMichotte, Albert Edouard (Baron Michotte van den Berck),1956 iMilne-Edwards, Henri, 1864 iMoissan, Henri, 1898 Mott, Sir Nevill Francis, 1957 iMurchison, Sir Roderick I., 1865 iMurray, Sir John,1912 f Onnes, Heike Kamerlingh, 1920 Oort, Jan Hendrik, 1953 TOppolzer, Theodor von, l 883 f Ostwald, Wilhelm, 1906 tOwen, Sir Richard, 1865 iParsons, Sir Charles Algeron, 1925 iPasteur, Louis, - 1883 iPavlov, Ivan Petrovic, 1908 iPenck, Albrecht, 1909 iPenfield, Wilder, 1953 Penney, Sir William George, 1962 TPeres, Joseph Jean Camille, 1956 "Peters, Christian August Friedrich, 1867 tPfeffer, Wilhelm, 1903 iPicard, Emile, 1903 tPieron, Henri, 1949 tPlana, G. A. A., 1864 tPlanck, Max, 1926 TPoincare, Jules Henri, 1898 tPortevin, Albert Marcel Germain Rene, 1954 "Deceased

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Appendix D / 633 tSverdrup, Harald Ulrik,2 1952 "Sylvester, James Joseph, 1883 [Taylor, Sir Geoffrey Ingram, 1945 Theorell, Axel Hugo,1957 iThompson, Sir D'Arcy, 1943 iThomson, Sir Godfrey, 1951 [Thomson, Sir Joseph J., 1903 lTiselius, Arne W. K., 1949 iTisserand, Francois Felix, 1893 Todd, of Trumpington, Alexander Robertus, Baron, 1955 TVallee-Poussin, C. de la, l 929 Tvan der Bijl, Hendrik Johannes, 1943 T Van derWaals,J. D., 1913 TVening Meinesz, Felix Andries, 1939 TVirchow, Rudolph von, l 883 "Deceased TVogel, Hermann Carl, 1903 tVolterra,Vito, 1911 tWaldoyer, Wilirelm, 1909 TWatson, David Meredith Seares, 1938 tWeierstrass, Karl, 1892 TWeismann, August,1913 TWieland, Heinrich, 1932 TWillstaetter, Richard, 1926 TWinge, Ojvind, 1949 TWohler, Friedrich, 1865 tWolf,MaxF.J.C., 1913 tWundt, Wilhelm, 1909 tWurtz' Adolphe, 1883 Yukawa, Hideki, 1949 tZirkel' Ferdinand, 1903 tZittle, K. A. R. von, 1898 iElected a foreign associate in 1922; naturalized in 1940; elected to the Academy in 1942, while retaining his status as a foreign associate. 2 Resigned Academy membership on April 2, 1951, when he had maintained residence in Norway for 3 years, thereby losing his American citizenship. Elected a foreign associate in 1952. ~.