Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 263
--> Acronyms and Glossary Acronyms 13F Regulation 13F of Annex I of MARPOL 73/78 13G Regulation 13G of Annex I of MARPOL 73/78 ABS American Bureau of Shipping ADR Alaska Department of Revenue AIMS American Institute of Merchant Shipping ANS Alaskan North Slope APCIS Asia-Pacific Computerized Information System ARPA Advanced Research Projects Agency ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials AWES Association of West European Shipbuilders BP British Petroleum CAAM Centre administratif des affaires maritime CAP condition assessment program CDS construction differential subsidies CFR Code of Federal Regulations CGT compensated gross ton CIALA Centro de informacion del acuerdo latinamerico DB double bottom DNV Det Norske Veritas
OCR for page 264
--> DOT U.S. Department of Transportation DS double sides DWT deadweight ton EIA Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy FSU former Soviet Union GRT gross registered tonnage GT gross tons H&M hull and machinery HBL hydrostatically balanced loading HTS high tensile steel IACS International Association of Classification Societies ICLL International Convention on Load Lines IMO International Maritime Organization INTERTANKO International Association of Independent Tanker Owners ISGOTT International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals ISM International Safety Management (code) ISO International Standards Organization ISOPE International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers ITB integrated tank barge JAMRI Japanese Maritime Research Institute LOOP Louisiana Offshore Oil Port (a deepwater offshore port) LTBP London Tanker Brokers' Panel M&R maintenance and repairs MARAD U.S. Maritime Administration MARIENV '95 International Conference on Technologies for Marine Environment Preservation, Tokyo, Japan, September 24-29, 1995 MARPOL 73/78 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, adopted in 1973 and amended in 1978 MBD million barrels per day MEPC Marine Environmental Protection Committee of the International Maritime Organization MEPC30 30th session of the Marine Environmental Protection Committee MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology MMS Minerals Management Service, U.S. Department of the Interior MOU memorandum of understanding
OCR for page 265
--> MPA Marine Preservation Association MSI Marine Strategies International NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NAVSEA Naval Sea Systems Command NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NRC National Research Council OBO oil-bulk-ore (vessel) OCIMF Oil Companies International Marine Forum ODS operating differential subsidies OPA 90 Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-380) OSG Overseas Shipholding Group, Inc. P&I protection and indemnity PIRA PIRA Energy Group PL protectively located RFR required freight rate SBT segregated ballast tank designed for ballast only SIRE Ship Inspection REport SNAME Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers SNPRM supplemental notice of proposed rule making SOLAS International Convention on Safety of Life at Sea STCW Convention for Standards for Training, Certification, and Watchkeeping TAPS Trans-Alaska Pipeline System TSCF Tanker Structure Cooperative Forum ULCC ultralarge crude carrier USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers USCG U.S. Coast Guard VLCC very large crude carrier WS Worldscale Glossary Compensated gross ton. Term defining the capability of a shipyard that reflects the complexity of construction of a vessel.
OCR for page 266
--> Deadweight tonnage. Measure of the weight of cargo (plus water, fuel, and stores) that a vessel can carry. Gross tonnage. Measure of a vessel's volume determined according to international convention. Hydrostatically balanced loading. Means whereby the level of cargo (e.g., crude oil) is limited to ensure that the hydrostatic pressure at the tank (and ship) bottom is lower than the external sea pressure. Thus, if the tank is breached, seawater will flow in rather than oil flowing out. International Maritime Organization. United Nations agency responsible for maritime safety and environmental protection of the seas. Lightering. Process of transferring cargo at sea from one vessel to another. Oil-bulk-ore vessel. Vessel designed for alternate carriage of oil, bulk cargoes, or ore. Required freight rate. The rate required to cover tanker operating expenses and realize a desired return on capital. Segregated ballast tank. Tank designed for ballast only. Ultralarge crude carrier. Vessel of more than 400,000 DWT. Very large crude carrier. Vessel of between about 150,000 and 300,000 DWT.
Representative terms from entire chapter: