gram would be funded through a third branch of this division of ADRR and would provide funds to meet deficits in the study of the person-environment interaction. There is a need to support rehabilitation-related research projects that involve community sites that have not been traditionally funded through government agencies (e.g., in the cultural settings of minority groups, rural communities, inner cities, and home and at work). Moving from a laboratory-based approach to one based in communities will require new approaches that have little current research support. By using a variety of human assistance resources and physical environmental modifications, such studies will provide answers to questions regarding the participation by people with disabling conditions in major life activities. The idea would be to empower people with disabling conditions by using results based on scientific studies of what optimal conditions are best for each of life's major activities. The funds for these activities would provide support for community-based, longitudinal studies. The funds would be awarded through a peer reviewed, competitive process that would be managed by ADRR staff.

Rehabilitation and Disability Research Division The research on disability and rehabilitation currently funded by NIDRR would continue to be funded, but it would be funded by ADRR and would be managed by ADRR staff. Initially, no currently funded activities would be terminated and currently funded activities would continue through the existing award period. The program would be divided into two broad branches: rehabilitation science and disability studies.

Rehabilitation Science The rehabilitation science branch could be organized by topic areas rather than by the type of funding mechanism (i.e., via centers and field-initiated research). The mechanisms used to fund these activities could include special-emphasis projects, centers of excellence in areas of rehabilitation (such as Model Spinal Cord Injury Centers), research program grants, research and demonstration projects, new investigator awards, small grant awards, minority investigator awards, and awards to people with disabling conditions. The mechanisms would support work in topic areas by using a variety of funding mechanisms that could be awarded to sites at various locations. Thus, this branch could have several sections for programming and managing topics including but not limited to engineering, health and fitness, employment, transportation, housing, independent living, community integration, personal assistant services, and policy. The current effort in investigator-initiated research, currently funded at a level of approximately $39 million, is inadequate to meet the expansion to an inclusive approach to



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