DOE has a research budget of $6.5 billion and some of its research in hearing, visual modalities, and computer technology has applications for persons with disabilities.
The ADD is responsible for planning and implementing programs that promote self-sufficiency and protect the rights of persons with developmental disabilities. The ADD accomplishes this primarily though the University Affiliated Program (UAP), a discretionary grant program. UAPs provide technical assistance, community service, dissemination, and interdisciplinary training to professionals. UAP research activities include empirical research on existing practices and developing models of practice and service delivery. The ADD funding provides operational and administrative support to UAPs so that they can attract research funding from various sources. UAP research topics include infancy, early intervention, educational inclusion, school-to-work transition, employment, and aging.
NIDCD conducts research in the normal and disordered processes of hearing, balance, smell, taste, voice, speech, and language. Its $22 million research budget supports research in disability-related areas such as hearing aids, cochlear implants, telecommunications relay services, and vestibular issues.
NASA funds no disability research. However, its work in engineering and space technology has had spinoffs in technology transfer to products for persons with disabilities.