RSA has no research focus, but funds $300 million a year on demonstration projects and evaluation of service approaches.
IHS provides health care to American Indian and Alaska Native people. Its past research budget has been $2 million, with expected reductions to less than $1 million in the next fiscal year. The research funded by IHS is oriented toward improving basic health care services. It does not fund disability research. However, some of its research activities concern prevention of disability in four areas: (1) fetal alcohol syndrome, (2) hearing loss due to childhood infections (3) amputation due to diabetes, and (4) motor vehicle accidents.
The Branch of Exceptional Education within BIA funds no research. It provides direct educational services.
SSA administers the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) programs. It conducts studies of its disability programs and supports intervention and service delivery models such as returning beneficiaries to work. SSA is in the process of redesigning its programs to include a functional assessment instrument and to identify rehabilitation needs. This redesign will probably result in a change in the definition of disability which SSA uses to determine eligibility for benefits.
The Center for IT Accommodation at GSA applies research findings in emerging technology to ensure that information technologies (e-mail,