Agnosia, 141

American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 333

American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine, 333

American Physical Therapy Association, 333

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, 333-334

Americans with Disabilities Act, 159-160, 167, 208

Animal companions, 86

Animal research, 10, 81, 83, 94, 98

Aphasia, 141

Apraxia, 141

Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board, 245, 353-354

Architectural design, 207-208

for hearing impairment, 135-136

toilet access, 125, 127

universal design, 151-152

Arthritic disorders, 115

Assessment and measurement, 63

burden-of-care measures, 103-104

cognitive functioning, 144

conceptual trends, 102

functional limitations, 101, 102-105, 108, 146

for hearing impairment, 133-134

hearing impairment as obstacle to, 136

individual differences in degree of disability, 79-80

of lifting limitations, 118, 119

of neuromuscular function, 93

outcomes research, 174-179

of speech limitation, 138, 140

terminology and taxonomy, 145, 378-381

tools for, 85

whole person, 102-103, 105, 144, 146

Assistive technology, 150-151, 182, 213-214, 257

ADRR research, 289

education and certification, 237

Association of Academic Physiatrists, 333

Association of Rehabilitation Nurses, 334-335

Ataxia, 103

Atrophy, 96

B

Back pain, 11, 117

Balance, 109-111, 112

Barden-LaFollette Act, 34

Bending and lifting impairments, 117-119

Biological markers, 83

Biological sciences, 82, 83-84

Biomechanics, 92

Bladder control

contextual disability, 124-125

disorders of, 122-123

functional limitations, 123-124

help-seeking behaviors, 123-124

quality of life issues, 124

research goals, 11

research needs, 126-127

secondary conditions related to, 125-126

Bowel control, 127-128

research goals, 11

Built environment, 150-152

Burden of care, 103-104

Bureau of Labor Statistics, 377

Bureau of the Census, 377

C

Cartilage injury/repair, 91

Causes

of cognitive impairment, 140-141

conceptual models, 63-64, 78-79

of disabilities, 2, 43-46

of disability among children, 48-51

of dysphagia, 120-121

of functional limitation, 11

of limitations in activities of daily living, 47

of paralysis, 94-95

primary attributions, 46

of sexual dysfunction, 128

of speech limitations, 138

of visual impairment, 129-130, 131

of work limitations, 46-47, 55

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

budget, 245, 266, 267

Disabilities Prevention Program, 266, 291-292, 358-360

education and training activities, 232-233



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