Inhalants: solvents, aerosols, acetone, benzene, nitrous oxide, amyl nitrate

Produce dose-dependent relaxation, mild euphoria, dizziness, disinhibition, inebriation, intoxication, anesthesia, CNS depression, liver damage, cardiovascular depression.


SOURCES: APA (1994), Eddy et al. (1965), Goldstein (1994), O'Brien (1996), and OTA (1994).


APA (American Psychiatric Association). 1994. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-IV. 4th Edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

Eddy NB, Halbach H, Isbell H, Seevers MH. 1965. Drug dependence: Its significance and characteristics. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 32:721–733.

Goldstein A. 1994. Addiction: From Biology to Policy. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company .

IOM (Institute of Medicine). 1990. Treating Drug Problems. Vol. 1. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

IOM. 1995. The Development of Medications for the Treatment of Opiate and Cocaine Addictions: Issues for the Government and Private Sector . Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

IOM. 1996. Pathways of Addiction: Opportunities in Drug Abuse Research . Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

McGinnis JM, Foege WH. 1993. Actual causes of death in the United States. Journal of the American Medical Association 270(18):2207–2212.

O'Brien CP. 1996. Drug addiction and drug abuse. In: Hardman JG, Limbird LE, Molinoff PB, Rudden RW, Gilman AG, eds. Goodman and Goodman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 9th Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill. Pp. 557–577.

OTA (Office of Technology Assessment). 1994. Technologies for Understanding and Preventing Substance Abuse and Addiction. OTA-EHR-597. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

WHO (World Health Organization). 1992. International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. 10th Revision. Geneva: World Health Organization.

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