$7 million for NIDA training grants and $230 million for research

1992 NIDA and NIAAA became part of the National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)


1992–1993 Mu, kappa, and delta receptors in the brain were cloned and sequenced, leading to a greater understanding of the pathogenesis of opioid addiction


1993 Supreme Court ruled that officials may not seize property acquired with the proceeds of illegal drug sales if the owner is unaware of the source of those funds


Society of Americans in Recovery (SOAR), the first modern consumer advocacy group, was established; it disbanded 2 years later due to management problems and difficulty enlisting support from "recently" recovered individuals


LAAM (Orlaam®) approved for treatment of narcotic addiction


1994 DHHS adopted and published AHCPR/WHO guidelines for use of analgesics in cancer pain, including chronic high-dose use of opioids


Naltrexone (ReVia™) approved for treatment of alcoholism

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