Create "new" interdisciplinary centers of excellence.
Create new funding mechanism for interdisciplinary research for young and senior investigators.
Examine and possibly revise federal rules for research protocols (e.g., confidentiality).
Educate Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) about the risks, benefits, and needs of addiction research.
Encourage researchers to publish in clinical journals and other publications.
Barrier: Lack of Educational Curricula
Introduce addiction research at an early stage of education.
Improve educational curricula in addiction research at all levels, especially among health professionals.
Provide a progression of educational training opportunities and permit ready access to the study of addiction research issues.
Barrier: Lack of Certification Opportunities
Clarify definition and requirements for expertise in addiction as it relates to specific specialties.
Intensify training requirements and ensure that addiction is part of the educational credentialing process for all health care providers.
Enhance educational curricula to convey understanding of concepts related to genetic, biological, and behavioral aspects of addiction.
Barrier: Inadequate Mentoring
Enhance effectiveness of existing programs (e.g., K05, K07).
Develop shorter grant review cycles.
Ensure mentoring through innovative mechanisms (e.g., satellite programs or a network of mentors for co-mentoring).
Implement a systematic assessment of the effects of mentoring experiences.
Provide support for short-term internships in clinical settings.