• Create "new" interdisciplinary centers of excellence.

  • Create new funding mechanism for interdisciplinary research for young and senior investigators.

  • Examine and possibly revise federal rules for research protocols (e.g., confidentiality).

  • Educate Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) about the risks, benefits, and needs of addiction research.

  • Encourage researchers to publish in clinical journals and other publications.

Increasing Skilled Human Resources and Improving Quality

Barrier: Lack of Educational Curricula


  • Introduce addiction research at an early stage of education.

  • Improve educational curricula in addiction research at all levels, especially among health professionals.

  • Provide a progression of educational training opportunities and permit ready access to the study of addiction research issues.

Barrier: Lack of Certification Opportunities


  • Clarify definition and requirements for expertise in addiction as it relates to specific specialties.

  • Intensify training requirements and ensure that addiction is part of the educational credentialing process for all health care providers.

  • Enhance educational curricula to convey understanding of concepts related to genetic, biological, and behavioral aspects of addiction.

Barrier: Inadequate Mentoring


  • Enhance effectiveness of existing programs (e.g., K05, K07).

  • Develop shorter grant review cycles.

  • Ensure mentoring through innovative mechanisms (e.g., satellite programs or a network of mentors for co-mentoring).

  • Implement a systematic assessment of the effects of mentoring experiences.

  • Provide support for short-term internships in clinical settings.

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