List of Abbreviations

ACS

American Chemical Society

APCD

air pollution control device

As

arsenic

ATSDR

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry of the U.S. Public Health Service

BaP

benzo(a)pyrene

BIF

boiler and industrial furnace

CAA

Clean Air Act

CARB

California Air Resources Board

Cd

cadmium

CDD

chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin

CDF

chlorinated dibenzofuran

CFR

Code of Federal Regulations

CO

carbon monoxide

COHb

carboxyhemoglobin

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Dioxins

polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins

DOE

U.S. Department of Energy

dscm

dry standard cubic meters (at 14.7 pounds per square inch, 68°F)

EPA

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

ESP

electrostatic precipitator



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OCR for page 311
WASTE INCINERATION & PUBLIC HEALTH List of Abbreviations ACS American Chemical Society APCD air pollution control device As arsenic ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry of the U.S. Public Health Service BaP benzo(a)pyrene BIF boiler and industrial furnace CAA Clean Air Act CARB California Air Resources Board Cd cadmium CDD chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin CDF chlorinated dibenzofuran CFR Code of Federal Regulations CO carbon monoxide COHb carboxyhemoglobin COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Dioxins polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins DOE U.S. Department of Energy dscm dry standard cubic meters (at 14.7 pounds per square inch, 68°F) EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ESP electrostatic precipitator

OCR for page 311
WASTE INCINERATION & PUBLIC HEALTH FEV1 forced expiratory volume in 1 sec—amount of air an individual can exhale in 1 sec Furans polychlorinated dibenzofurans FVC forced vital capacity g grams GGT gamma-glutamyltransferase HCB hexachlorobenzene HCl hydrogen chloride Hg mercury IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer IRIS Integrated Risk Information System kg kilogram L liter LCA life cycle assessment m meters MACT maximum achievable control technology mg milligram Mg megagram MRL minimal risk level MSW municipal solid waste MWC municipal waste combustor MWI medical waste incinerator NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NOAEL no-observed-adverse-effect level NOx oxides of nitrogen NO2 nitrogen dioxide OEL occupational exposure limit OSHA U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration PAH polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon Pb lead PCB polychlorinated biphenyl PCDD polychlorinated dibenzo(p)dioxin PCDF polychlorinated dibenzofuran PEL permissible exposure limit PEL product of incomplete combustion PM particulate matter PM2.5 particulate matter less than 2.5 µm in aerodynamic diameter PM10 particulate matter less than 10 µm in aerodynamic diameter ppb parts per billion by weight ppm parts per million by weight ppmv parts per million by volume ppt parts per trillion by weight RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

OCR for page 311
WASTE INCINERATION & PUBLIC HEALTH RfD reference dose SMSA standard metropolitan statistical area SO2 sulfur dioxide TCDD 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin TEQ 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin toxic equivalent based on the 1989 international toxic equivalency factors TLV threshold limit value TSP total suspended particulate matter VOC volatile organic compound

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WASTE INCINERATION & PUBLIC HEALTH This page in the original is blank.