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C
Abbreviations

%BF

percentage body fat


AASHATO

American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials

Ag

antigen

APC

antigen-presenting cell

ARDS

adult respiratory distress syndrome

AT

adipose tissue

ATP

adenosine triphosphate

A-V

arteriovenous


BAL

bronchoalveolar lavage fluid

BMC

bone mineral content

BMD

bone mineral density

BMI

body mass index

BMR

basal metabolic rate

BP

base pair

BTPS

body temperature and pressure, saturated gas



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OCR for page 605
Emerging Technologies for Nutrition Research: Potential for Assessing Military Performance Capability C Abbreviations %BF percentage body fat AASHATO American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials Ag antigen APC antigen-presenting cell ARDS adult respiratory distress syndrome AT adipose tissue ATP adenosine triphosphate A-V arteriovenous BAL bronchoalveolar lavage fluid BMC bone mineral content BMD bone mineral density BMI body mass index BMR basal metabolic rate BP base pair BTPS body temperature and pressure, saturated gas

OCR for page 605
Emerging Technologies for Nutrition Research: Potential for Assessing Military Performance Capability CAT or CT computed axial tomography CDR complementarity-determining region CLA cutaneous lymphocyte associated CMNR Committee on Military Nutrition Research CT cholera toxin CTB cholera toxin B-subunit CV coefficient of variation CVD cardiovascular disease DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DB Douglas bag DHHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services DIS Distributed Interactive Simulation DLW doubly labeled water DPA dual-photon absorptiometry DTH delayed hypersensitivity DXA or DEXA dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry ECFV extracellular fluid volume ELISA enzyme-linked immunoabsorption assay EMA effective mechanical advantage EPI Echo Planar Imaging EST expressed sequence tag FACScan Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorter FCM Foot Contact Monitor FeO2 fractional concentration of oxygen in expired air FeCO2 fractional concentration of carbon dioxide in expired air FIO2 fractional concentration of oxygen in inspired air FAD flavin-adenine dinucleotide FFA free fatty acids FFM fat-free mass FMN flavin mononucleotide G-6-P glucose-6-phosphate GC-MS gas chromatography-mass spectrometry HCSM Hierarchical Concurrent State Machine HECA human endothelial cell associated HMMWV high-mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicle HU Hounsfield units HW hydrostatic weighing I/B intake balance IDS Iowa Driving Simulator IEL intraepithelial lymphocyte IFNγ interferon gamma IG Image Generator IL interleukin

OCR for page 605
Emerging Technologies for Nutrition Research: Potential for Assessing Military Performance Capability IMRS isotope ratio mass spectrometer IOM Institute of Medicine J-chain joiner-chain kDa kilodaltons LDL low-density lipoprotein LEM leukocyte endogenous mediator LT labile enterotoxin metabolic cost of locomotion MADCAM-1 mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 MFA muscle function analysis MHC major histocompatibility MIDA mass isotopomer distribution analysis MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface MIP Multi Im Parvo NIR near-infrared MND Military Nutrition Division MRE metal response element MREs Meals, Ready-to-Eat MRI magnetic resonance imaging MRS magnetic resonance spectroscopy NADS National Advanced Driving Simulator NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NiCd nickel-cadmium NIDDM noninsulin dependent diabetes mellitus NIH National Institutes of Health NK-cells Natural Killer-cells NMR nuclear magnetic resonance NRC National Research Council PCR polymerase chain reaction PCR principal component regression PD Panic Disorder PET positron emission tomography PHA phytohemagglutinin PK pyruvate kinase PLP pyridoxal 5'-phosphate PLS partial least squares PMN polymorphonuclear leukocytes PPAR peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor PSR protein synthetic rate PWM pokeweed mitogen FFA Ra rate of appearance of fatty acids RER respiratory exchange ratio RMR resting metabolic rate

OCR for page 605
Emerging Technologies for Nutrition Research: Potential for Assessing Military Performance Capability RF radio-frequency Rf respiratory rate RLW Ration, Lightweight RMSE root mean square error SCID severe combined immunodeficiency SEC standard error of calibration SEE standard error of the estimate SIRS systemic inflammatory response syndrome SIS stress intrusion score SRE sterol response element SREBP SRE-binding protein STPD standard temperature and pressure, dry gas TEEM 100 Total Energy Expenditure Measurement system TBBM total body bone mineral content TBW total body water TG triglyceride Th1 T-helper 1 cell TNF-a tumor necrosis factor-alpha URI upper respiratory infections USAMRMC U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command USARIEM U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine carbon dioxide production E expired minute ventilation I inspired minute ventilation maximal oxygen uptake WHO World Health Organization WHR waist-to-hip circumference ratio