ALCOA Technical Center, the research facility of the Aluminum Company of America, is a leader in the industry in developing programs for attracting and retaining talented women. Effective policies and programs have been developed to help employees balance work and family responsibilities.
To establish recruitment programs and to develop university relations, ALCOA representatives were sent directly to select colleges and universities with large numbers of women and minority graduates in the sciences and engineering. The Pilot School Program is the result of such efforts, and it serves to establish meaningful technology linkages between the ALCOA coordinator and university faculty and students. Through its Minority Fellowship Program, ALCOA develops relationships with high potential female and minority candidates
A Systemic Approach to Diversity Programs
Include those who will be involved or interested in the outcome of the program or intervention in developing programs and interventions that support diversity in all phases of the employment cycle—sourcing, recruiting, interviewing, orientation acculturation, coaching, and development/ promotion. Following is a list of what Apple is doing or is considering doing in each of these areas.
Sourcing. Establish ongoing relationships with professional associations and universities. For example, Apple engineers act as ''professor for a day'' and/or set up and support computer labs on campus, or they might host product demonstration booths at professional conferences and meetings and arrange for senior scientists and managers to keynote functions.
Recruiting. Campus recruiting, professional networking, and word-of-mouth. Provide bonuses to individuals who recommend new hires for hard-to-fill positions and offer internships.
Interviewing. Provide training to support cultural diversity in the process (e.g., how to accurately assess a candidate's qualifications across cultures, and how to appropriately and comfortably communicate one's qualifications). Inform candidates about what to expect during the interview process and monitor the interview and selection processes.
Orientation/Acculturation. Start up a buddy program and an employee association
Development/Promotion. Rotate assignments; Leadership in Action, a junior/senior partnership program; "Bridges—Managing a Diverse Workforce" training program; and roundtable discussions about current business and career issues featuring company leaders.
Climate. Cultural celebrations and diversity awareness training ("A Winning Balance").