The National Pool of Scientists and Engineers

The committee examined national data on both experienced and recently graduated scientists and engineers in order to determine the number and characteristics of individuals most likely to be eligible for positions at ONR. The pool of experienced S&Es included U.S. citizens who received a Ph.D. between 1960 and 1989 in one of the following: biological sciences, engineering, mathematics and computer sciences, physical sciences, and relevant fields within psychology, along with recipients of master's degrees in engineering during the same time period.

Overall, there are 40,400 Ph.D.s and 23,800 master's recipients who are women, underrepresented minorities, or disabled persons in the national pools of experienced scientists and engineers. Women represent almost 15 percent of the Ph.D.s, ranging from 24 percent in the biological sciences to 9 percent in the physical sciences to 3 percent in engineering. Experienced African American, American Indian, and Hispanic Ph.D.s total 7,300 or about 3 percent. The percentage of Ph.D.s in science and engineering who are disabled is less than 1 percent.

Among experienced engineers with master's degrees, women constitute 6 percent. Underrepresented minorities are 2 percent of the population, and persons with disabilities less than 1 percent.

The data on degree recipients since 1990 show a much more diverse population. Women now receive 30 percent of the Ph.D.s in the fields under study here, including 22 percent in the physical sciences. They have also doubled their share of the master's in engineering to 13 percent. Minorities have increased fairly evenly across fields and now constitute nearly 5 percent of the total.

There are 18,500 female, minority, and disabled Ph.D.s who were educated between 1990 and 1995 in fields of potential interest to ONR. In addition, there are 9,300 members of these underrepresented groups who received master's degrees in engineering between 1990 and 1993. Combined with the population of experienced scientists and engineers, the committee believes ONR has an increasingly rich resource from which to draw in the future for its program officer and senior manager positions.

ONR's Current Science and Engineering Work Force

The scientific and engineering work force at the headquarters of ONR consists of 150 individuals. This work force includes 19 members of the Senior Executive Service (SES) and 4 GS 16 chief scientists who, for purposes of this study, will be grouped together and referred to as ''senior executives.'' It also includes 127 program officers at the GS 13, GS 14, and GS 15 levels. The basic demographic characteristics of the work force are relatively homogeneous. All 23 senior executives are white males. Of the program officers, 111 are male and 16 are female; 12 are Asian Americans and one is African American. Other than the one African American, there are no underrepresented minorities. Three individuals report having physical disabilities.

As would be expected, the doctoral degree dominates the educational background of the work force, especially at the higher grades. All but one senior executive hold a doctoral degree. Sixty-three percent of the male program officers



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