1. Logistics:

    • Design for readiness and minimal field maintenance;

    • *Adapting to fully containerized logistic support—packaging, transport, delivery, ships, airlift, depot handling, and “retail” distribution to forward units;

    • *Information-based logistic techniques, equipment, and systems for maintaining weapon system readiness and for delivering materiel to forces at sea and over the shore;

    • *Achieving sea-state 3 LOTS capability.

  2. Modeling and simulation:

    • Military science and phenomenology;

    • Simulation science and methodology applicable to military systems;

    • Constructing and maintaining warfare-area and world databases;

    • Adopting and adapting related developments in civilian fields to military problems and activities;

    • Validating concepts and methodology.

Finally, it must be emphasized that some major system advances take place in major steps after ongoing research and advanced development have created new opportunities. This has been especially apparent in the aviation area, where ongoing R&D in propulsion, aerodynamics, and structures leads periodically to a major advance in capability embodied in a new class of aircraft. For this to happen, the R& D must be supported in a sustained, long-term program in which each step is built on the last, such that at significant points a new system can be built on the advances achieved to that time. An example is the Integrated High Performance Turbine Engine Technology (IHPTET) program, jointly sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), the Military Departments, and industry. This program, together with its predecessor Service programs, has led to major advances in turbine and compressor materials, advanced combustors and engine controls, and overall engine designs. These advances have led in turn to major improvements in thrust, thrust-weight ratio, and fuel economy, leading to the superior U.S. military aircraft engine performance we see today, and to significant advances in civilian aviation as well.

The areas of surface ship and submarine design and construction, ASW, and oceanography listed above need a similar model of integrated, sustained R&D support, with clearly defined goals and schedules, industry-government collaboration, and stable funding, to achieve the potential seen for them in this study.

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